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The Armenian Genocide By: Susie Arzumanyan Gareth Barnard Ana Garay Jesus.

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Presentation on theme: "The Armenian Genocide By: Susie Arzumanyan Gareth Barnard Ana Garay Jesus."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Armenian Genocide By: Susie Arzumanyan Gareth Barnard Ana Garay Jesus

2 Map of Armenia

3 Map with Mass Murder Locations

4 Political Leaders Mehmed Talat Ismail Enver Ahmed Djemal Minister of Interiors Minister of War Minister of Marine Mehmed Talat Ismail Enver Ahmed Djemal Minister of Interiors Minister of War Minister of Marine Prime Minister Military Govorner of Syria Prime Minister Military Govorner of Syria All members of the Young Turks Political Party in the Ottoman Empire that decided to create a genocide. All members of the Young Turks Political Party in the Ottoman Empire that decided to create a genocide. -They killed, captured, and tortured Armenian people and leaders. -They killed, captured, and tortured Armenian people and leaders. Source: Source:

5 Direct Quotes Enver Pasha One of the triumvirate rulers publicly declared on 19 May The Ottoman Empire should be cleaned up of the Armenians and the Lebanese. We have destroyed the former by the sword, we shall destroy the latter through starvation. Lord Robert Cecil Under-secretary of state for foreign affairs (House of Commons, Hansard (5th series), Vol. LXXV, 16 November 1915, Cols ) I think it may be said, without the least fear of exaggeration, that no more horrible crime has been committed in the history of the world... This is a premeditative crime determined on long ago... It was a long-considered, deliberate policy to destroy and wipe out of existence the Armenians in Turkey. It was systematically carried out. It was ordered from above... Source: le=Main_Page Source: le=Main_Page le=Main_Page le=Main_Page

6 Newspaper Articles Headlines All From The New York Times Before After January 11, 1915 September 24, 1915 January 11, 1915 September 24, 1915 “Says Turks Advise Christians “500,000 Armenians Said to to Flee” Have Perished” “Says Turks Advise Christians “500,000 Armenians Said to to Flee” Have Perished” January 13, 1915 October 4, 1915 January 13, 1915 October 4, 1915 “Christians in Great Peril” “Tell of Horrors Done in Armenia” “Christians in Great Peril” “Tell of Horrors Done in Armenia” Source:

7 Armenian Culture Food Food Babakanoosh Babakanoosh Cheese Berag Cheese Berag Lahmahjoon Lahmahjoon Jilbour Jilbour Dolma Dolma Roasted Peppers Roasted Peppers Stuffed Zucchini Stuffed Zucchini Tabooleh Tabooleh Lamb Stew Lamb Stew Languages Languages Majority spoke Armenian and Turkish during this time period Source: tml

8 Photojournalists/Reporters Irving Horowitz wrote “ Genocide and the Reconstruction of Social Theory: Observations on the Exclusivity of Collective Death" Armen Hairapetian wrote “Race Problems and the Armenian Genocide: The State Department File ” Aleksandr Mikhailovich Rodchenko Soviet painter, sculptor, designer and photographer Soviet painter, sculptor, designer and photographer Source: Source:

9 The United Nations Armenians during this time period did not have the privilege of getting help from the UN, because it was not formed until 1948 Armenians during this time period did not have the privilege of getting help from the UN, because it was not formed until 1948 Then, in 1985, the Then, in 1985, the United Nations Sub-Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities passed a vote that recognizes the Armenian massacres as a genocide. Source: Source:

10 The International Communities Response In May 1915, Great Britain, France, and Russia stated that the Young Turks leaders would be held personally responsible. In May 1915, Great Britain, France, and Russia stated that the Young Turks leaders would be held personally responsible. After WWI, they demanded that the Ottoman Empire prosecute the Young Turks. After WWI, they demanded that the Ottoman Empire prosecute the Young Turks. The American, German, and British governments sponsored the preparation of reports on the crimes. The American, German, and British governments sponsored the preparation of reports on the crimes. Since then, Armenians have sought formal acknowledgment from respective governments about the horrible crimes committed. Since then, Armenians have sought formal acknowledgment from respective governments about the horrible crimes committed. Countries like France, Germany, Argentina, Greece, Russia, Canada, Australia, Belgium, Lebanon, Italy, and the US have all formally recognized it as a genocide Countries like France, Germany, Argentina, Greece, Russia, Canada, Australia, Belgium, Lebanon, Italy, and the US have all formally recognized it as a genocide However the present-day republic of Turkey still denies that a genocide was committed against the Armenians. However the present-day republic of Turkey still denies that a genocide was committed against the Armenians. Source: Source:

11 Summary The Armenian Genocide was the first genocide of the 20 th century and it occurred in 1915 during WWI. This Genocide killed about 2 million people. It was mostly planned by the Turkish government against the entire Armenian population of the Ottoman Empire. It was stated that Nationalism could have been a cause, because prior to that, the Turkish people and the Armenians lived in relative harmony in the Ottoman Empire (Kojian). They began to have conflicts because Armenians were the only major Christian minority group. They wanted more independence (like the Greeks received), while the Turks wanted more land and pictured their empire spreading across to Turkish speaking parts of Central Asia. Armenian’s were the only group in the way of that land, so the nationalist Turks wanted to get rid of them (Kojian). The Committee of Union and Progress (CUP), also known as the Young Turks, is a political party in the Ottoman Empire and they made the decision to have genocide against the Armenians. Its military leaders were Mehmet Talaat, Ismail Enver, and Ahmed Jermal. They tortured massacred, starved, abducted, and stranded thousands of Armenians in the middle on the desert to die (ANI). Also, the Young Turks had a secret outfit that they called the Special Organization. This was the project of mass slaughter of the deported Armenians. Fortunately, all these murderers along with the Ottoman government and many administrators responsible, were all indicted for their crimes committed at the end of the war (ANI). After the genocide, the three Young Turks leaders were all executed by Armenians (Kojian). The commemorate date is April 24; that was the day the Turkish government arrested 200 Armenian leaders in Constantinople and then sent them to prison and executed them. The Minister of War of the Young Turks had prior to that date disarmed the Armenian recruits in the Ottoman Army. Also, there was a great reduction in the male population of Armenians from reducing them on purpose by “drafting” them to help in the war. However, they later killed or worked the men to death. So the women, children, and elders were forced out thinking they were going to temporary homes, but were actually put on death marches (Kojian). Then with the arrests of the Armenian leaders on April 24, 1915, the true motive of what the Young Turks were trying to accomplish had become clear and was known as the start of the Armenian Genocide (ANI). Source:

12 Work Cited "Aleksandr Mikhailovich Rodchenko." Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 3 Nov "Aleksandr Mikhailovich Rodchenko." Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. 3 Nov http://www.britannica.com/eb/article Armenia. Map. Unicef. Armenia. Map. Unicef. Armenian Genocide Resource Library for Teachers The Genocide Education Project. 5 Nov Armenian Genocide Resource Library for Teachers The Genocide Education Project. 5 Nov Armenian National Institute (ANI) Oct Armenian National Institute (ANI) Oct Armenian Recipes Nov Armenian Recipes Nov Kojian, Raffi. Armeniapedia: the online Armenia Encyclopedia. 12 Oct Nov Kojian, Raffi. Armeniapedia: the online Armenia Encyclopedia. 12 Oct Nov Map of the 1915 Armenian Genocide in the Turkish Empire. Map. Armenian National Institute. Map of the 1915 Armenian Genocide in the Turkish Empire. Map. Armenian National Institute. Post Armenian Genocide Timeline. 24 Oct Wikimedia Foundations, Inc. 4 Nov Post Armenian Genocide Timeline. 24 Oct Wikimedia Foundations, Inc. 4 Nov Republic of Armenia and Republic of Mountainous Karabagh. Map. Children of Armenia Fund. Republic of Armenia and Republic of Mountainous Karabagh. Map. Children of Armenia Fund.


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