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Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji: Life and Martydom of the Guru.

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Presentation on theme: "Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji: Life and Martydom of the Guru."— Presentation transcript:

1 Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji: Life and Martydom of the Guru

2 www.sikhcoalition.org Tegh Bahadur Simriey Ghar Nau Nidh Awey Dhaaey Sab Thhaain Hoey Sahaaey Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib in Var Bhagauti Contemplate and meditate on Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib who is the merciful bestower of all the ‘Nine Treasures’ and is the Saviour all over, here and hereafter.

3 www.sikhcoalition.org Family Tree Father: Guru HarGobind Sahib Ji (6 th Nanak) Mother: Mata Nanki Ji  Baba Gurditta Ji  Baba Suraj Mal Ji  Baba Ani Rai Ji  Baba Atal Rai Ji  Bibi Veero Ji  Baba Tyag Mal Ji Guru Har Rai Ji (7 th Nanak) Mata Krishan Kaur Ji  Baba Ram Rai Ji  Guru Harkrishan Sahib Ji (8 th Nanak) Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji (9 th Nanak)

4 www.sikhcoalition.org Early Years  Born 1 st April, 1621  5 Vaisakh, Bikrami Samvat 1678  Amritsar (Guru Ke Mahal)  Bhai Buddha Ji and Bhai Gurdas Ji  Deeply mystical temperament and long spells of seclusion and contemplation  Suraj Mal’s wedding (1629) – Bibi Bishan Kaur  14 th September, 1632 – Mata Gujri Ji (Lal Chand)  Battle with Pande Khan – Tegh Bahadur (Kartarpur 1635)  Guru Har Rai Ji – appointed as the 7 th Nanak  Moved to Baba Bakala with Mata Nanki Ji and Mata Gujri Ji (1644)  Stayed in the same house for 20 years  Guru Harkrishan Sahib Ji – ‘Baba Bakale’ (March 30, 1664)

5 www.sikhcoalition.org Gurudwara Sahib Baba Bakalae (Amritsar, Punjab) Gurudwara Sahib Guru Ke Mahal (Amritsar, Punjab)

6 www.sikhcoalition.org Makhan Shah Lubana  A rich trader and devout sikh from Tanda region (Now in Pakistan)  Ship caught in storm – 500 gold coins - 1665  22 different ‘Gurus’ – 2 gold coins  ‘Guru Ladho Re… Guru Ladho Re’ March 20, 1665  Eldest son of Baba Gurditta Ji – Dhir Mal Original Copy of Guru Granth Sahib Ji (Guru Arjan Dev Ji) Masands – Sihan  Attack on the Guru  Lesson by Makhan Shah  “I want my Sikhs to inscribe the instructions of the Granth Sahib in their minds and souls and not permit them to believe a particular copy of the Granth or any other symbol or totem or sacred spot as conferring any special privilege to its custodians.”

7 www.sikhcoalition.org Jo Nar Dukh Meh Dukh Nahin Manai Sukh Sneh Ar Bhai Nahin Jakai Kanchan Mati Manai (pause) Na Nindia Na Ustat Jakai Lobh Moh Abhmana Harkh Sog Tey Rahai Niaro Nahe Maan Apmana Asa Mansa Sagal Tyagey Jag Tey Rahai Nirasa Kaam Krodh Jeh Parsai Nahin Teh Ghat Brahm Niwasa Gur Kirpa Jeh Nar Ko Kini Teh Eh Jugat Pachhani Nanak Leen Bhayo Gobind Sion Jion Pani Sang Pani Sri Guru Granth Sahib (633) “One who grieves not in misery and delights not in pleasure, who is free from fear and attachment, and for whom gold and dust are the same; Who has renounced both praising and blaming (flattery and slander) and is immune to greed, worldly attachments and pride; One who has discarded all desires and lives a detached life, lust and wrath touch him not and in that heart the Lord dwells; When the all Merciful Guru blesses a disciple with His Grace, only then does the disciple attain this blessed spiritual state and blends (merges) with the Lord as water with water.

8 www.sikhcoalition.org Maee Mai Dhan Paiyo Har Nam, Man Mero Dhawan Tay Chhootiyo Kar Baithho Bisram Maya Mamta Tan Tay Bhagi Upajiyo Nirmal Gian, Lobh Moh Eh Paras Na Sakai Gahi Bhagat Bhagwan Janam Janam Ka Sansa Chooka Ratan Nam Jab Paiya, Trishna Sakal Binasi Man Tay Nij Sukh Mah Samaiya Ja Kau Hot Dayal Kirpa Nidh So Gobind Gun Gavai. Kaho Nanak Ih Bidh Ke Sanpai Kou Gurmukh Pavai. Sri Guru Granth Sahib (1186) O mother, I have been blessed with the wealth of God’s Name. My Mind is free from wandering and is established in peace. Avarice and worldly love dare not touch me and pure divine knowledge fills me. Greed and desire can not affect me. I am totally immersed in Lord’s devotion. Fear of transmigration deserts when blessed with the jewel of Lord’s Name. My mind is free of all desire and I am totally absorbed in bliss. He to whom God - the Ocean of Grace - shows mercy sings the praise of the Lord of the world. Nanak says: Rare is such a person who amasses this kind of divine wealth with the grace of the Guru.”

9 www.sikhcoalition.org Guru and his journeys  Visit to Harimandir Sahib, Amritsar  Harji (Grandson of Prithi Chand & Son of Sodhi Mehervan)  Damdama Sahib  Moved to Kiratpur Sahib  Established new Manjis (Centers for teaching Sikhism)  Raja of Bilaspur – Bought Village Makhowal (Rs. 500)  Founded Chak Nanaki (later Anandpur Sahib) 1665  Left for East India along with his close family and Sikhs like Bhai Mati Das, Bhai Sati Das, Bhai Dayal Das, Baba Gurditta Ji and others

10 www.sikhcoalition.org The Rule of Aurangzeb  1618-1707  Shah Jahan  Viceroy of Deccan (1636-44) and (1653-58)  At odds with Shah Jahan and Dara Shikoh  Declared himself the Alamgir in 1658 – Mughal Emperor  Scholarly and austere  Devoted to Islam (Sunni)  Persecuted Hindus & Shias  Abolished mixed marriages  Jirga  Job discrimination  Destruction of Temples

11 www.sikhcoalition.org Kashmiri Pandit  Aurangzeb’s Orders  Governor Iftikhar Khan  Guru Ji at Anandpur Sahib  Pandit Kirpa Ram of Mattan (near Pahalgam) and 500 pandits  Gobind Rai  Message from the Guru  Installed Gobind Rai as the next Guru (10 th Nanak)  Left with Bhai Mati Das, Bhai Sati Das, Bhai Dayala,  Arrested and taken to Sirhind  After some months, taken to Delhi

12 www.sikhcoalition.org Those who fear are cowards And, those who frighten are fools He alone is an enlightened soul, says Nanak who frightens none, and fear none

13 www.sikhcoalition.org Bhai Mati Das  Mohyam Brahmin of Village Kariala in Jehlum District  Son of Hira Nand  Entrusted Mati Das and Sati Das to Guru Har Rai  Portfolio of Finance  Delhi Court  Japji Sahib  Double handed saw  “Nothing is born and nothing perishes That alone happens what He wishes”

14 www.sikhcoalition.org Bhai Dayala Ji  Son of Mai Das  Younger brother of Bhai Mani Singh Ji  Left with Guru Har Rai (1657)  Minister of Domestic Affairs  Left him with Mata Gujri Ji at Patna (1665) – Gobind Rai  November 9, 1675  Cauldron of boiling water

15 www.sikhcoalition.org Bhai Sati Das  Brother of Bhai Mati Das  Writer cum translater of very high caliber  Scholar of Persian  Spoke against the torture of Bhai Mati Das and Bhai Dayala  Bound in chains and wrapped in cotton and doused in oil

16 www.sikhcoalition.org Martydom of Guru Ji  November 11, 1675  Chandni Chowk of Delhi  Orders of Aurangzeb  Sayyid Adam Shah along with Qazis and other courtiers  Jalal-ul-din of Samana  "Wajudash ra chand hisse namudah atraf-e-shahar- awezand"  Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib constructed by Bhagel Singh Karorsinghia in 1790

17 www.sikhcoalition.org Bhai Jaita Rangretta  Taken to Anandpur Sahib and cremated (Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib)  “Rangretta Guru Ka Betta”  Bhai Jiwan Singh  First Nagarchi (Ranjit Nagara)  Battle of Chamkaur  1649-1705  Mother - Kanno; Father - Sada Chand  Jaita, Nanu and Uda  Furious Storm  Reached Kiratpur on November 15, 1675

18 www.sikhcoalition.org Bhai Lakhi Shah Lubana  Contractor  Dumped the carts full of lime  Help from sons – Naghiaya, Hema, Hari and friend – Dhuma  Pyre inside their own house  Gurudwara Rakab Ganj Sahib

19 www.sikhcoalition.org Tilak Janju Rakha Prabh Taka Keeno bado kalu meh Saaka Sadhan Het etee jin Karee Sees Diya Par Si Na Uchri Dharam Het Saaka Jin Keeya Sees Deeya Par Sirar Na Deeya Natak Chetak Keeya Kukaja Prabh Lokan Keh Aavat Laaja Dohra Theekar Phor Delees Sir Prabh Pur Keeya Payaan Tegh Bahadur See Keeya Karhee Na Kinhu Aan Tegh Bahadur Kae Chalat Bhayo Jagat Ko Sog Hai Hai Hai Sabh Jag Bhayo Jai Jai Jai Sur Lok Guru Tegh Bahadur was the protector of the Tilak And Janeu of the Hindus He performed a unique act in the age of Kali; He made a supreme sacrifice for the sake of the men of other faith. He gave up his head without a groan; He did this deed to defend Dharma. He gave up his head but not his resolve. Casting off his bodily vesture on the head of Suzerain of Delhi; He departed to the Realm of God. None who came into this world performed glorious deeds as he. Tegh Bahadur is gone ! This world cried, “Alas, Alas!” The Heaven rings with Hallelujahs ! Jai Jai Victory to Dharma, Welcoming his return Home ! The angels sing: The Victor comes home ! Guru Gobind Singh, Bachitar Natak

20 www.sikhcoalition.org Nine Treasures bestowed by the Guru  ijih pRwnI haumY qjI krqw rwm pCwin] khu nwnk vhu mukiq nru ieh mn swcI mwnu] Only that person is truly liberated who gives up egotism and realizes God as the doer.  hrKu sogu jw kY nhI bYrI mIq smwin] khu nwnk sun ry mnw mukq qwih qY jwin] Consider only those as liberated who are beyond pleasure and pain and treat foes and friends alike.  BY kwhU kau dyq nih nih BY mwnq Awin] khu nwnk suin ry mnw igAwnI qwih bKwn] A spiritually awakened person neither frightens nor fears any one.

21 www.sikhcoalition.org Nine Treasures bestowed by the Guru  ausqiq inMidAw nwih ijih kMcn loh smwin] khu nwnk suin ry mnw mukq qwih qY jwin] Consider only that person as liberated who is free from praise and slander and for whom both gold and iron are alike.  qrnwpo ieau hI gieE lIE jrw qnu jIiq] khu nwnk Bju hir mnw AauD jwq hY bIiq] Youth has passed away futilely and then old age has taken control of the body; Meditate on God, O my mind, your life is slipping away.  jqn bhuq suK ky kIey duK ko kIE n koie] khu nwnk suin ry mnw hir BwvY so hoie] Lot of effort is made for pleasure, none for pain. But only that happens which pleases God.

22 www.sikhcoalition.org Nine Treasures bestowed by the Guru  suKu mY bhu sMgI Bey duK mY sMig n koie] khu nwnk hir Bju mnw AMiq shweI hoie] Many become companions during good times but all desert in misfortune. Meditate on God who will be the only support in the end.  qnu Dnu sMpY suK dIE Aru ijh nIky Dwm] khu nwnk sunu ry mnw ismrq kwhy n rwmu] O my mind, why don't you remember God who has given you a body, wealth, pleasures of property and beautiful dwellings.  rwmu gieE rwvnu gieE jw kau bhu prvwru] khu nwnk iQr kCu nhI supny ijau sMswru] Both Ram Chander and Ravan perished despite having support of large families. Nothing is everlasting in this dream-like world.


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