Presentation on theme: "Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji: Life and Martydom of the Guru"— Presentation transcript:
1 Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji: Life and Martydom of the Guru
2 Ghar Nau Nidh Awey Dhaaey Tegh Bahadur SimrieyGhar Nau Nidh Awey DhaaeySab Thhaain Hoey Sahaaey Sri Guru Gobind Singh Sahib in Var Bhagauti Contemplate and meditate on Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahibwho is the merciful bestower of all the ‘Nine Treasures’and is the Saviour all over, here and hereafter.
3 Family Tree Father: Guru HarGobind Sahib Ji (6th Nanak) Mother: Mata Nanki JiGuru Har Rai Ji(7th Nanak)Mata Krishan Kaur JiBaba Gurditta JiBaba Suraj Mal JiBaba Ani Rai JiBaba Atal Rai JiBibi Veero JiBaba Tyag Mal JiBaba Ram Rai JiGuru Harkrishan Sahib Ji(8th Nanak)Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji(9th Nanak)
4 Early Years Born 1st April, 1621 5 Vaisakh, Bikrami Samvat 1678 Amritsar (Guru Ke Mahal)Bhai Buddha Ji and Bhai Gurdas JiDeeply mystical temperament and long spells of seclusion and contemplationSuraj Mal’s wedding (1629) – Bibi Bishan Kaur14th September, 1632 – Mata Gujri Ji (Lal Chand)Battle with Pande Khan – Tegh Bahadur (Kartarpur 1635)Guru Har Rai Ji – appointed as the 7th NanakMoved to Baba Bakala with Mata Nanki Ji and Mata Gujri Ji (1644)Stayed in the same house for 20 yearsGuru Harkrishan Sahib Ji – ‘Baba Bakale’ (March 30, 1664)
5 Guru Ke Mahal (Amritsar, Punjab) Gurudwara SahibGuru Ke Mahal (Amritsar, Punjab)Gurudwara SahibBaba Bakalae (Amritsar, Punjab)
6 Makhan Shah LubanaA rich trader and devout sikh from Tanda region (Now in Pakistan)Ship caught in storm – 500 gold coins22 different ‘Gurus’ – 2 gold coins‘Guru Ladho Re… Guru Ladho Re’ March 20, 1665Eldest son of Baba Gurditta Ji – Dhir MalOriginal Copy of Guru Granth Sahib Ji (Guru Arjan Dev Ji)Masands – SihanAttack on the GuruLesson by Makhan Shah“I want my Sikhs to inscribe the instructions of the Granth Sahib in their minds and souls and not permit them to believe a particular copy of the Granth or any other symbol or totem or sacred spot as conferring any special privilege to its custodians.”
7 “One who grieves not in misery and delights not in pleasure, who is free from fear and attachment,and for whom gold and dust are the same;Who has renounced both praising and blaming (flattery and slander)and is immune to greed, worldly attachments and pride;One who has discarded all desiresand lives a detached life,lust and wrath touch him notand in that heart the Lord dwells;When the all Merciful Guru blesses a disciple with His Grace,only then does the disciple attain this blessed spiritual stateand blends (merges) with the Lord as water with water.Jo Nar Dukh Meh Dukh Nahin Manai Sukh Sneh Ar Bhai Nahin Jakai Kanchan Mati Manai (pause) Na Nindia Na Ustat Jakai Lobh Moh Abhmana Harkh Sog Tey Rahai Niaro Nahe Maan Apmana Asa Mansa Sagal Tyagey Jag Tey Rahai Nirasa Kaam Krodh Jeh Parsai Nahin Teh Ghat Brahm Niwasa Gur Kirpa Jeh Nar Ko Kini Teh Eh Jugat Pachhani Nanak Leen Bhayo Gobind Sion Jion Pani Sang Pani Sri Guru Granth Sahib (633)
8 Sri Guru Granth Sahib (1186) Maee Mai Dhan Paiyo Har Nam, Man Mero Dhawan Tay Chhootiyo Kar Baithho Bisram Maya Mamta Tan Tay Bhagi Upajiyo Nirmal Gian, Lobh Moh Eh Paras Na Sakai Gahi Bhagat Bhagwan Janam Janam Ka Sansa Chooka Ratan Nam Jab Paiya, Trishna Sakal Binasi Man Tay Nij Sukh Mah Samaiya Ja Kau Hot Dayal Kirpa Nidh So Gobind Gun Gavai. Kaho Nanak Ih Bidh Ke Sanpai Kou Gurmukh Pavai. Sri Guru Granth Sahib (1186) O mother, I have been blessed with the wealth of God’s Name.My Mind is free from wandering and is established in peace.Avarice and worldly love dare not touch meand pure divine knowledge fills me.Greed and desire can not affect me.I am totally immersed in Lord’s devotion.Fear of transmigration deserts when blessed with the jewel of Lord’s Name.My mind is free of all desire and I am totally absorbed in bliss.He to whom God - the Ocean of Grace - shows mercysings the praise of the Lord of the world.Nanak says: Rare is such a personwho amasses this kind of divine wealth with the grace of the Guru.”
9 Guru and his journeys Visit to Harimandir Sahib, Amritsar Harji (Grandson of Prithi Chand & Son of Sodhi Mehervan)Damdama SahibMoved to Kiratpur SahibEstablished new Manjis (Centers for teaching Sikhism)Raja of Bilaspur – Bought Village Makhowal (Rs. 500)Founded Chak Nanaki (later Anandpur Sahib) 1665Left for East India along with his close family and Sikhs like Bhai Mati Das, Bhai Sati Das, Bhai Dayal Das, Baba Gurditta Ji and others
10 The Rule of Aurangzeb 1618-1707 Shah Jahan Viceroy of Deccan ( ) and ( )At odds with Shah Jahan and Dara ShikohDeclared himself the Alamgir in 1658 – Mughal EmperorScholarly and austereDevoted to Islam (Sunni)Persecuted Hindus & ShiasAbolished mixed marriagesJirgaJob discriminationDestruction of Temples
11 Kashmiri Pandit Aurangzeb’s Orders Governor Iftikhar Khan Guru Ji at Anandpur SahibPandit Kirpa Ram of Mattan (near Pahalgam) and 500 panditsGobind RaiMessage from the GuruInstalled Gobind Rai as the next Guru (10th Nanak)Left with Bhai Mati Das, Bhai Sati Das, Bhai Dayala,Arrested and taken to SirhindAfter some months, taken to Delhi
12 Those who fear are cowards And, those who frighten are fools He alone is an enlightened soul, says Nanak who frightens none, and fear none
13 Bhai Mati Das Mohyam Brahmin of Village Kariala in Jehlum District Son of Hira NandEntrusted Mati Das and Sati Das to Guru Har RaiPortfolio of FinanceDelhi CourtJapji SahibDouble handed saw“Nothing is born and nothing perishes That alone happens what He wishes”
14 Bhai Dayala Ji Son of Mai Das Younger brother of Bhai Mani Singh Ji Left with Guru Har Rai (1657)Minister of Domestic AffairsLeft him with Mata Gujri Ji at Patna (1665) – Gobind RaiNovember 9, 1675Cauldron of boiling water
15 Bhai Sati Das Brother of Bhai Mati Das Writer cum translater of very high caliberScholar of PersianSpoke against the torture of Bhai Mati Das and Bhai DayalaBound in chains and wrapped in cotton and doused in oil
16 Martydom of Guru JiNovember 11, 1675Chandni Chowk of DelhiOrders of AurangzebSayyid Adam Shah along with Qazis and other courtiersJalal-ul-din of Samana"Wajudash ra chand hisse namudah atraf-e-shahar-awezand"Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib constructed by Bhagel Singh Karorsinghia in 1790
17 Bhai Jaita Rangretta 1649-1705 Mother - Kanno; Father - Sada Chand Jaita, Nanu and UdaFurious StormReached Kiratpur on November 15, 1675Taken to Anandpur Sahib and cremated (Gurudwara Sis Ganj Sahib)“Rangretta Guru Ka Betta”Bhai Jiwan SinghFirst Nagarchi (Ranjit Nagara)Battle of Chamkaur
18 Bhai Lakhi Shah Lubana Contractor Dumped the carts full of lime Help from sons – Naghiaya, Hema, Hari and friend – DhumaPyre inside their own houseGurudwara Rakab Ganj Sahib
19 Tilak Janju Rakha Prabh Taka Keeno bado kalu meh Saaka Guru Tegh Bahadur was theprotector of the TilakAnd Janeu of the HindusHe performed a unique actin the age of Kali;He made a supreme sacrifice for thesake of the men of other faith.He gave up his head without a groan;He did this deed to defend Dharma.He gave up his head but not his resolve.Casting off his bodily vesture on thehead of Suzerain of Delhi;He departed to the Realm of God.None who came into this worldperformed glorious deeds as he.Tegh Bahadur is gone !This world cried, “Alas, Alas!”The Heaven rings with Hallelujahs !Jai Jai Victory to Dharma,Welcoming his return Home !The angels sing:The Victor comes home !Tilak Janju Rakha Prabh TakaKeeno bado kalu meh SaakaSadhan Het etee jin KareeSees Diya Par Si Na UchriDharam Het Saaka Jin KeeyaSees Deeya Par Sirar Na DeeyaNatak Chetak Keeya KukajaPrabh Lokan Keh Aavat LaajaDohraTheekar Phor Delees SirPrabh Pur Keeya PayaanTegh Bahadur See KeeyaKarhee Na Kinhu AanTegh Bahadur Kae ChalatBhayo Jagat Ko SogHai Hai Hai Sabh Jag BhayoJai Jai Jai Sur LokGuru Gobind Singh, Bachitar Natak
20 Nine Treasures bestowed by the Guru ijih pRwnI haumY qjI krqw rwm pCwin]khu nwnk vhu mukiq nru ieh mn swcI mwnu]Only that person is truly liberated who gives up egotism and realizes God as the doer.hrKu sogu jw kY nhI bYrI mIq smwin]khu nwnk sun ry mnw mukq qwih qY jwin]Consider only those as liberated who are beyond pleasure and pain and treat foes and friends alike.BY kwhU kau dyq nih nih BY mwnq Awin]khu nwnk suin ry mnw igAwnI qwih bKwn]A spiritually awakened person neither frightens nor fears any one.
21 Nine Treasures bestowed by the Guru ausqiq inMidAw nwih ijih kMcn loh smwin]khu nwnk suin ry mnw mukq qwih qY jwin]Consider only that person as liberated who is free from praise and slander and for whom both gold and iron are alike.qrnwpo ieau hI gieE lIE jrw qnu jIiq]khu nwnk Bju hir mnw AauD jwq hY bIiq]Youth has passed away futilely and then old age has taken control of the body; Meditate on God, O my mind, your life is slipping away.jqn bhuq suK ky kIey duK ko kIE n koie]khu nwnk suin ry mnw hir BwvY so hoie]Lot of effort is made for pleasure, none for pain. But only that happens which pleases God.
22 Nine Treasures bestowed by the Guru suKu mY bhu sMgI Bey duK mY sMig n koie]khu nwnk hir Bju mnw AMiq shweI hoie]Many become companions during good times but all desert in misfortune. Meditate on God who will be the only support in the end.qnu Dnu sMpY suK dIE Aru ijh nIky Dwm]khu nwnk sunu ry mnw ismrq kwhy n rwmu]O my mind, why don't you remember God who has given you a body, wealth, pleasures of property and beautiful dwellings.rwmu gieE rwvnu gieE jw kau bhu prvwru]khu nwnk iQr kCu nhI supny ijau sMswru] Both Ram Chander and Ravan perished despite having support of large families. Nothing is everlasting in this dream-like world.