Presentation on theme: "Short Portlet Programming Guide in P-Grade (Gridsphere) environment G. Hermann."— Presentation transcript:
Short Portlet Programming Guide in P-Grade (Gridsphere) environment G. Hermann
Content Main ideas Execution model Representation Part I Java – JSP collaboration Part II Definition of Portlets by portlet.xml and layout.xml Tomcat directory hierarchy
Main ideas Layout design and business logic are separated Response WEB pages are generated with the help of run time compiled and linked java code. Even little parts of WEB pages can be handled independently (portlet concept)
Warning ! We restrict ourselves to the Portlet implementation of the Gridsphere Focus on the class ActionPortlet Tasks: –Defines “states” described by Java Servlet Pages (Jsp) –Defines callback routines called before HTML response generation (view) after user action (update)
Execution model - possible ways HTTML response generation First request from client init(PotletConfig) Y(ActionFormEvent)X(RenderFormEvent) Next requests from client
Execution model-regime modify HTTML response generation First request from client init(PotletConfig) Y(ActionFormEvent)X(RenderFormEvent) Next requests from client
Execution model-regime show HTTML response generation First request from client init(PotletConfig) X(RenderFormEvent) Next requests from client
Representation I java code (Action Portlet) defines the callback routines and the current (and next) state made intuitive to the client by defining the selection of the proper Jsp page in that state. The java code is responsible for the whole business logic. Java Servlet Page (JSP) (file: xx.jsp) Composes the frame of the layout and defines communication interface between the client and java code in a given state. The UI Tag Library defines the layout and the passive –data- interface between java code and JSP. The Java representation of the UI Tag Library follows the Bean concept. The JSP representation of UI Tag Library is XML. “portlet.xml” defines the portlet and references the java code “layout.xml” defines the menu hierarchy haw the callable portlets should appear. (layout.xml is GridSphere specific!)
Representation II HTTML response generation First request from client init(PotletConfig) Y(ActionFormEvent)X(RenderFormEvent) Next requests from client class Any extends ActionPortlet Ani.jsp UI Tag Library objects
Remarks(1) UI TAG LIBRARY The UI Tag Library is not discussed in detailed in the subsequent example. The Java side usage of it is self explaining by the Bean paradigm. For the XML usage of it in the JSP file consult the document: uide/TagGuide.htm uide/TagGuide.htm What you must know is that the interface variables are identified by associated Strings
Remarks(2) State Transitions Please note that the event handling interrupt routines of the Java Class ActionPortlet may terminate with the state transition instruction setNextState(PortletReqest,String), where the String parameter may refer either –a name of a routine, or –a JSP. The action defined in that JSP defines the next state.
Remarks(3) other state subtilities The String “DEFAULT_HELP_PAGE” is used to define a JSP when the client hits the “?” icon on the portlet The String “DEFAULT_EDIT_PAGE” is used to define a JSP when client hits the “pen” edit icon.
Remarks (4) Programing style The JSP pages may contain direct java code fragments among UI tags and forms. However you are emphatically asked to avoid them: The overview of the program logic can be lost easily if the program code is fragmented, and the JSP is not used as its designated: for gathering and rendering of client data.
Part I: Life Cycle of a Portlet by an example The simple Portlet “EnterName” redisplays a single string entered by the client.
EnterName.java and the corresponding EnterName.jsp files
First Request arrives from the client HTTML response generation First request from client Init(PotletConfig) Y(ActionFormEvent)X(RenderFormEvent) Next requests from client The routine init will be activated
Java – Jsp connections-1 DEFAULT_VIEW_PAGE determines that before the elaboration of the first response the given rendering routine will be called.
First Rendering HTTML response generation First request from client Init(PotletConfig) Y(ActionFormEvent)X(RenderFormEvent) Next requests from client Variables need to show to the client are prepared
Java – Jsp connections-2 The jsp is referenced by the java code. After the running of the routine the HTML generation defined by the Jsp will be performed
Java – Jsp connections-3 The parameter referenced by the handle “nameSessionHandle” does not exist, therefore the bean object referenced “nameOld” – wich will be created upon the first reference –receives the value “not defined”.
Java – Jsp connections-4 The bean referenced as “nameOld” will be used to display the value known by the system before the user interaction.
Java – Jsp connections-5 The jsp page will generate the HTML response
HTML generated by the JSP as it appears for the Client The Jsp page will generate the HTML code in the response for the selected frame
Java – Jsp connections-6 The internally generated bean objects are used to exchange data between Jsp defined HTML code and Java routines
Java – Jsp connections-7 The user hitting the button labeled as “Update” generates a Request activating the routine updateName
Java – Jsp connections-8 Example: The Client fills the text field as “newValue”, and hits the Button “Update”
Repeated request arrives HTTML response generation First request from client Init(PotletConfig) Y(ActionFormEvent)X(RenderFormEvent) Next requests from client The prescribed ActionFormEvent handler will be activated.
Java – Jsp connections-9 In the action event handler the value defined by the client and stored in a bean referenced as “nameNew” will be read
Java – Jsp connections-10 The text value will be forwarded to the subsequent rendering routine via the handle “nameSessionHandle”
Java – jsp connections As a last step the routine triggers the rendering event
Repeated Rendering HTTML response generation First request from client Init(PotletConfig) Y(ActionFormEvent)X(RenderFormEvent) Next requests from client
Java – Jsp connections-11 As the value associated by “nameSessionHandle” is not empty the bean referenced as “nameOld” will receive this value
HTML generated by the JSP as it appears for the Client after repeated Rendering The bean referenced “nameOld” now has the value “newValue”
Summary of all external Java- Jsp connections
Part II Definition of a Portlet A new portlet prepared by the java and JSP files must have an entry in the file “portlet.xml” and it must be referenced in the file “layout.xml”, must define an interpreter java class path, And a title label
portlet.xml The new potrlet Portlet name will be referenced in file layout.xml Text in the title of the portlet Path of the java class controlling the portlet
The layout.xml Must define the menu hierarchy Define the appropriate labels for the user navigation Reference the used portlets
layout.xml Portlet as a submenu item Display name of a group of a submenu Display name of of a submenu item Referencing the name of the potled defined in portlet.xml Referencing the web application
Summary of connectons: layout.xml, portlet.xml and HTML image
webapps/ …/ jsp/ …/ WEB-INF/ …/ portal30/ …/ hello/ …/ enterName.jsp …jsp lib/ classes/ …/ portlet.xml layout.xml hu/ sztaki/ lpds/ pgportal/ portlets/ hello/ EnterName.class Tomcat dictionary The jar files encountered here must correspond to the import references defined in EnterName.java