2AssignmentTitleFreedom but specific, detail and must focus on the certain area or field.E.g.: “Zakat” is not specific, but zakat of trade or zakat fitrah or zakat of gold are considered specific.Attracting, interesting and relating the current issues.E.g.: “Using bomoh and pawang in treatment”. How does Islam view this?Topics related to the history are not encourage when its just a fact.E.g.: The life story of Ibn Sina – is not encourage but “The contribution of Ibn Sina in medical field.” – is possible.Topics which are related to the Muslims’ challenges nowadays are most encourage.E.g.: Terrorism: The best way to solve it.
3Topics Islam and Its Fundamentals Concept of Vicegerency in Islam Islamic CivilizationIslamic Political SystemEntertainment in IslamEpistemology and Axiology in IslamMazhab in IslamSystem of Marriage in IslamCurrent issues
4Chapter 1: Islam and Its Fundamentals The meaning of religionreferring to the faith/belief of someoneexpress the eternal questions of life, death and next worldforces man to think deeply in the vast creation of the worldfunction: develop mind, civilization,nation and countries
5Revealed and Non revealed based on the concept of the Unity of Godbelieves in the prophetmain sources of guidance are heavenly scriptures.Were born in the middle-eastappeared in regions which have historically under the influence of the Semitic racemissionary religions
6Revealed and Non revealed are not based on the concept of the Unity of Godno prophetdo not regard heavenly scriptureswere born outside the middle-eastoutside the Semitic areanot missionary
7Al-Deen Undisputed sources Al-Quran Al-Sunnah Agreed by majority Ijma’ QiyasAl-DeenThe process of al-fiqhAqidah/TauhidSyariahAkhlak/Moral-Behavior-Thinking-The processof judgment-Six articlesof faith-The pillarof Islam-Ibadat-Muamalat-Jinayat-Munakahat
8Definition of al-DeenIt is not correct the word al-deen as religion or faithit is a system that governs the whole aspect of mankindtechnically means : belief in the omnipresence & omnipotence of Godbeing a state of submission as a result of the need to require something from someone who is far more superior
9Definition of al-Deen The description of al-Deen complete system that has everything in itsystem that comprises the worldly need & the Hereafterserve the 3 basic : spiritual, mental and physical aspects.
10The Importance of Five Include: preserve al-deen preserve life through the law of riddahpreserve lifethe law of killingpreserve mindprohibiting the alcoholpreserve descendentorder to marryprohibit adulterypreserve propertyprohibiting the stealing
11Vital Duties of Islam Perform properly and correctly perform the five pillars:syahadatsolatfastingzakathaji
12Syahadat The concept Methods it is fundamental main believe which makes us as a Muslimclosely related to the Imanwitness and admit the existence of Allah and His ProphetMethodsKnow the asma’ Allah through al-QuranExplore the contents in al-QuranObserve the creationPreserve the Allah’s commandImplement hukum (commandment).Avoid to abrogate it.Know the Rasulullah through al-hadithTake the examples of Rasulullah in everything he did in his daily life
14Mulberry leaves are thin, glossy, and light green in color. The shape of the leaf can be quite variableeven on the same tree. Some leaves have 5 lobeswhile others have one lobe, two lobes,three lobes, or no lobes at all.
16Wadh’iReason (Sabab) : anything can cause the situation to be implemented ; e.g.: no water is reason for tayammumCondition (Syarat) : anything is should be or compulsory to implement the thing or situation like pure water is a condition in order to be wudhu is valid.
17Wadh’iObstacle (mani’) : anything can obstruct the situation or job from produce something. E.g.; haidh obstruct from prayer and fasting.Validity (Sah) : any kind of job or situation is assumed as a legal due to completion of condition and covenant.Invalid (batal) : any kind of deed that uncompleted because of uncompleted condition and covenant or they have the obstruction against it.
18AqalWajib : any decision that made by akal is must be like that (logically). E.g.: the existence of God, 5x2=10Impossible : any decision that made by akal is impossible to be like that. E.g.: no God, father is younger than son/daughter.Jaiz : Anything could be accepted by akal either it is existed or not. E.g.: today will rainy
19AdatWajib : anything according to adat could happen like that but it’s not 100% happened like that, it is possible to change.E.g.: fire can burning, eating can repleting,Impossible : anything couldn’t happen according to adat. E.g.: Men can birthJaiz : anything could usually happen. E.g.: rich can be poor or poor can be rich
20Matters That Abrogate Syahadat حدثني هارون بن سعيد الأيلي حدثنا ابن وهب قال حدثني سليمان بن بلال عن ثور بن زيد عن أبي الغيث عن أبي هريرة أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال اجتنبوا السبع الموبقات قيل يا رسول الله وما هن قال الشرك بالله والسحر وقتل النفس التي حرم الله إلا بالحق وأكل مال اليتيم وأكل الربا والتولي يوم الزحف وقذف المحصنات الغافلات المؤمناتAbu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, reported: Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) observed: Avoid the seven most grievous sins. (The hearers) asked: What are they, Allah's Messenger? He (the Holy Prophet) replied: Associating anything with Allah, magic, killing of one whom Allah has declared inviolate without a just cause, devouring the property of an orphan, dealing in usury, fleeing on the day of fighting, and calumniating the chaste, innocent, believing women.
21Syahadah Matters That Abrogate Syahadat 1.rely and depend on other than Allah2.does not admit that all bounties either material things or internal satisfaction are come from Allah3.worship other than Allah (diverted intention)4.give a total right to other than Allah in creating syariah law
22Matters That Abrogate Syahadat 5.To follow other than Allah except with His permission (parents, husband, teacher, leader)وَإِن جَاهَدَاكَ عَلى أَن تُشْرِكَ بِي مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ فَلَا تُطِعْهُمَا وَصَاحِبْهُمَا فِي الدُّنْيَا مَعْرُوفًا وَاتَّبِعْ سَبِيلَ مَنْ أَنَابَ إِلَيَّ ثُمَّ إِلَيَّ مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَأُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَAnd if they contend with you that you should associate with Me what you have no knowledge of, do not obey them, and keep company with them in this world kindly, and follow the way of him who turns to Me, then to Me is your return, then will I inform you of what you did (luqman:15)
23Matters That Abrogate Syahadat 6.hatred feelings towards Islam.7.To permit what is prohibited and prohibit what is permissible.8.Does not believe with Quranic verses and prophet’s tradition9.rectify the leadership of non-Muslim and munafiq
24Matters That Abrogate Syahadat 10.Practice rites and rituals other than Islam that he should not do11.accuse a Muslim as non-Muslim and not assume non-Muslim as they are
25SolatMeaning:comprises of words and actions that begin with takbir and end with the salam.The pillars of solatThe valid condition of solatThe compulsory condition of solat
26Fasting during Ramadhan Meaning:Ritual abstention at day time from the daybreak to sunset from allowing whether deliberately or mistaken anything to enter the stomach or any other parts of body which falls under the same legal judgement as the stomachThe condition of fastingThe things that can annul fasting
27ZakatZakat means grow (in goodness) or 'increase', 'purifying' or 'making pure'. So the act of giving zakat means purifying one's wealth to gain Allah's blessing to make it grow in goodness
28خُذْ مِنْ أَمْوَالِهِمْ صَدَقَةً تُطَهِّرُهُمْ وَتُزَكِّيهِم بِهَا وَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِمْ إِنَّ صَلاَتَكَ سَكَنٌ لَّهُمْ وَاللّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌTake alms out of their property, you would cleanse them and purify them thereby, and pray for them; surely your prayer is a relief to them; and Allah is Hearing, Knowing ( Al-Taubah:103 ).
29Zakat2 types:(1) Zakat On property It is compulsory to give Zakat on the following types of property: (1) Livestock e.g.. goats, camels, and cows; (2) Cereals e.g.. rice, corn and wheat; (3) Fruits e.g.. Dates and Grapes only; (4) Gold and Silver (includes foreign-exchange, valuable notes and savings); (5) Minerals and buried treasure; (6) Stocks (goods to be traded).
30(2) Zakat Fitrah (Zakat on yourself) It is a means of 'purifying' the act of fasting (which is the fourth principle of Islam) in the month of Ramadhan as we might have unconsciously committed certain sins while performing the fast. Also, the proceeds will help to lighten the burden of the poor and other needy groups.Zakat Fitrah is compulsory (wajib) to all Muslims. It is compulsory that the item to be given away as Zakat Fitrah is the staple food of that country. In many countries in Asia, the staple food is rice. Hence, the amount to be given is about 2.3 kilograms of rice. For practical purposes, the monetary equivalent of that amount is allowed to be used as Zakat Fitrah.
31The person who are qualified إِنَّمَا الصَّدَقَاتُ لِلْفُقَرَاء وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَالْعَامِلِينَ عَلَيْهَا وَالْمُؤَلَّفَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَفِي الرِّقَابِ وَالْغَارِمِينَ وَفِي سَبِيلِ اللّهِ وَابْنِ السَّبِيلِ فَرِيضَةً مِّنَ اللّهِ وَاللّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ
32Fakir - One who has neither material possessions nor means of livelihood. Miskin - One with insufficient means of livelihood to meet basic needs.Amil - One who is appointed to collect zakat.Muallaf - One who converts to Islam.Riqab - One who wants to free himself from bondage or the shackles of slavery.Gharmin - One who is in debt (money borrowed to meet basic, halal expenditure).Fisabillillah - One who fights for the cause of Allah.Ibnus Sabil - One who is stranded in journey.
33Performing HajjLiterally: The word "Hajj" means heading for an honorable person or place.Legally: Hajj means worshipping Allah by performing the Hajj rituals, which are defined as specific acts performed at a specific time and place in a specific way.
34The Rules of Hajj: 1. Ihram 2. Standing by `Arafah 3 The Rules of Hajj: 1. Ihram 2. Standing by `Arafah 3. Ifadah Circumambulation 4. Sa`i between Safa and Marwah5. Shave or trim or cut hair6. Done in order
35Characteristic of Islam Al-RabbaniyyahAl-SyumulAl-Wasatiyyah/Al-TawazunAl-Thabat wa Al-MurunahAl-Waqi’iyyahAl-IjabiyyahAl-Inqilabiyyah
36Al-Rabbaniyah Objective and purpose Sources and methods To know the objective of lifeRecognize the stage of preferencesFree from internal conflicts, anxiety and individualismProblemArgue about the lifeArgue about the invisible matterSolutionThe concept of similarityThe concept of taqwaRefusing of assabiyyahSources and methodsAl-quranAl-hadithMutawatirMasyhurAhadSahihHassanDaifMaudu’Ijma’KubraSukutiQiyas
37Al-Syumul The universality of Islamic Revelation The sealed messenger of God who came to complete the message of his fellow prophetsThe universality of Islamic teachingAqidahSyariahMorality
38Al-wasatiyyah The advantages The features Justice Aqidah Straight path Evidences of all goodnessPeaceEvidence of strengthThe featuresAqidahClearMoralityIntegratin of two elements (human intellect and lust)Syariah
39Al-Rabbaniyyah Can be divided into: a. objective and concentration b. source and method
40Al-Rabbaniyyah As An Objective Know the objective of lifeTo know our god by observing His creationas a garden to plant as much as u canTo recognize the stage of preferencesfiqh al-awlawiyatto free someone oneself from internal conficts and anxiety about servant and his Godthe 20 attributes of Allah
41Al-Rabbaniyyah As An Objective (cont..) To free oneself from individualismthe concept of ta`awunTitheSadaqahthe concept of similarityTaqwaRefusing the concept of assabiyyah
42Al-Rabbaniyyah As A Source & Method Mujma’ Alaih (Undisputed Sources)Al-QuranAl-HadithMuttafaq AlaihIjma’ (Consensus)QiyasMukhtalaf FihIstihsan, Maslahah Mursalah, Al-Urf, Istishab
43Al-Quran Date of Nuzul: Total of Verses : 114 17 Ramadhan 13 BH/6 August 632MTotal of Verses : 114Total of sentences : 6666Total of Words : 77,450Total of Letter : 1,025,000
45HadithCan be divided into 2 types according to the numbers of reporters:MutawatirMasyhurAhadGharibAzizMustafid
46Hadith (cont..) According to the status of Rawi and Isnad: Sahih AdilDhabitHassanDai’ifMaudu’
47Hadith (cont..) The most famous & credibility of the book of hadith Sahih BukhariSahih MuslimSunan Abu DaudSunan At-TirmiziSunan An-Nasa’ISunan Ibn Majah
48Ijmak (Concensus) Definition: The agreement among the mujtahid Two types:Ijma’ KubraIjma’ Sukuti
49Qiyas Definition : Analogy Covenant : previous problem which had the commandedNew problem/casesthe origin of commandmentthe reason (illat)Zakat of rice
50Al-Syumul The universality of Islamic Revelation the sealed messenger of God who came to complete the message of his fellow prophetsالْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الإِسْلاَمَ دِينًاThis day have I perfected for you your religion and completed My favor on you and chosen for you Islam as a religion (Maidah:3)The universality of Islamic teachingaqidahsubmissionmorality
51Al-Wasatiyyah/Al-Tawazun Islam reject total seclusion of the worldly life or live a life of a hermitCalls the Muslim to have a perfect balanceوَابْتَغِ فِيمَا آتَاكَ اللَّهُ الدَّارَ الْآخِرَةَ وَلَا تَنسَ نَصِيبَكَ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا وَأَحْسِن كَمَا أَحْسَنَ اللَّهُ إِلَيْكَ وَلَا تَبْغِ الْفَسَادَ فِي الْأَرْضِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ الْمُفْسِدِينَAnd seek by means of what Allah has given you the future abode, and do not neglect your portion of this world, and do good (to others) as Allah has done good to you, and do not seek to make mischief in the land, surely Allah does not love the mischief-makers (Qasas:77)
52اهدِنَـا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ Advantages:Justice /fairnessيَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِن جَاءكُمْ فَاسِقٌ بِنَبَأٍ فَتَبَيَّنُوا أَن تُصِيبُوا قَوْمًا بِجَهَالَةٍ فَتُصْبِحُوا عَلَى مَا فَعَلْتُمْ نَادِمِينَ“O ye who believe! If an evil-liver bring you tidings, verify it, lest ye smite some folk in ignorance and afterward repent of what ye did.”straight pathاهدِنَـا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَصِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ“Show us the straight path ; The path of those whom Thou hast favored; Not the (path) of those who earn Thine anger nor of those who go astray”evidences of all goodnessPeaceوَإِن طَائِفَتَانِ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ اقْتَتَلُوا فَأَصْلِحُوا بَيْنَهُمَا فَإِن بَغَتْ إِحْدَاهُمَا عَلَى الْأُخْرَى فَقَاتِلُوا الَّتِي تَبْغِي حَتَّى تَفِيءَ إِلَى أَمْرِ اللَّهِ فَإِن فَاءتْ فَأَصْلِحُوا بَيْنَهُمَا بِالْعَدْلِ وَأَقْسِطُوا إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَAnd if two parties of the believers quarrel, make peace between them; but if one of them acts wrongfully towards the other, fight that which acts wrongfully until it returns to Allah's command; then if it returns, make peace between them with justice and act equitably; surely Allah loves those who act equitably.evidences of strength
53Features of moderation AqidahSubmissionMoralityintegration of two elements (human intellect and lust)Syariah
54Al-Thabat wa Al-Murunah The aspect which have been fixed are:basic principles of IslamE.g.: tauhid, articles of faithobjective and purposesE.g.: fairness, similarity etcreligion values and moralityRespect, tolerate, kindness etc
55The aspect which are changeable: matter which are related to branches of religionEstablishment of lawRules in society and statemethods and techniquesThe way to implementworldly and knowledge affairsStudying, Working, Career, Property,
56Al-Waqi’iyyahthe idealism, faith, believe is also based on the reality of the surrounding, circumstances and accommodatingThe culture, situation and condition in the place will put into the consideration in implementing hukum and law
57Al-IjabiyyahTwo ways Interactions between Allah and human being, and also between human being among them.Specific and general ibadahRule out the means to communicate with Allahman cannot create the means to submit the creator, man must accept the way of Allah has chosen to him.
59DefinitionTotal submission and obedient physically and mentally based on a belief that the one whom is worshipped almighty honor and will power that will induce the feeling of degradation and affection.
60Concept Covered all human activities physically and spiritually Covered all worldly and Hereafter affairsMain conditionsincere oneself in performing
61The grouping of IbadahSpecific - in time,place,conditionally, directionally and with specific actionsprayerfastingpay the titheperform the pilgrimageGeneral - individual, society, leadership, the whole life