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PHONOLOGY The Function and Patterning of Sounds Deny A. Kwary www.kwary.net.

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1 PHONOLOGY The Function and Patterning of Sounds Deny A. Kwary

2 What phonologists do (p.68)  Making explicit statements about the sound patterns of individual languages in order to discover something about linguistic knowledge that people must have in order to use these patterns.  Discovering the general principles that underlie the patterning of sounds in human language.

3 Minimal Pairs (pp.70–71) AA minimal pair consists of two forms with distinct meanings that differ by only one segment found in the same position in each form. WWhich one(s) of these pairs are minimal pairs? a. [  ] and [  ] b. [  ] and [  ] c. [  ] and [  ] /  / and /  / are phonemes

4 Question #1 (i) and (ii), p.125 i)iglumut & iglumit  /u/ & /i/ ukiaq & ukiuq  /a/ & /u/ aiviq & aivuq  /i/ & /u/ aniguvit & anigavit  /u/ & /a/ aglu & iglu  /a/ & /i/ pinna & panna  /i/ & /a/ ani & ini  /a/ & /i/ (redundant) (redundant)

5 ii) Refer to the latest IPA Vowel Chart Question #1 (i) and (ii), p.125 i a u

6 Assignment 1. Refer to the data on p.125, #1 (iii) 2. Are [i] and [  ] allophones or phonemes? 3. Are [u] and [  ] allophones or phonemes?

7 Above the segment: Syllables (p.83) Internal structure of the syllable ‘sprint’ σ Onset (O) Rhyme (R) Nucleus (N) Coda (C) spri nt The syllable structure is CCCVCC

8 Exercise: Draw and determine the structure of the following words 1. Stops 2. Fox 3. All 4. Ooze 5. Jumped 1. CCVCC 2. CVCC 3. VC 4. VC 5. CVCCC

9 Phonotactics (pp.84-85)  The set of constraints on how sequences of segments pattern.  Possible initial three-consonant clusters in English s ptkptk (l) r (w) j

10 That’s All For Today See You Next Week Deny A. Kwary


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