Presentation on theme: "SOLAR MARKET IN TURKEY FARUK TELEMCIOGLU GUNDER (ISES – TR )"— Presentation transcript:
1SOLAR MARKET IN TURKEY FARUK TELEMCIOGLU GUNDER (ISES – TR ) THANK YOU CHAIRMAN,DISTUNGISHED LADIES AND CENTLEMEN, ORGANIZATION COMMITTEE, PARTICIPANTSI WOULD LIKE TO EXPRESS MY SINCERE THANKS TO THE PEOPLE WHO HAVE GIVEN ME THE CHANCE TO BE HERE.My name is FARUK TELEMCIOGLUI AM GENERAL SECRETERY OF TURKISH SOLAR SOCIETY (ISES –TR)
2INTERNATIONAL SOLAR ENERGY SOCIETY TURKEY SECTION I will give you short information about total installed power capacity and than give you some information about Turkish solar industry and solar market
3GUNDER founded in 1991 in convenience with national laws of Turkey as a legal and independent entity.Afterwards, they had communicated with ISES Headquarter to represent ISES in Turkey in 1992.
4REPRESENTING TURKEY IN We represent Turkey Government and Turkey market in INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY PVPS program and INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY SOLAR HEATING AND COOLING program.In these programs have a lot of workin group and our industrial members , universty peoples and R&D institues working in this task groups
5WE ARE THE MEMBER OF :Now GUNDER is representing not only ISES, but also member of Europian Solar Termal Industry Federation and Europa Photovoltaik Industry Association. We are members of some Turkish groups, one of them Turkish union of chambers and commodity exchanges of Turkey and Turkish havac and r exporters concil
6TOTAL INSTALLED POWER CAPACITY IN TURKEY (68 GW )I THINK, IT WILL BE BETTER TO START MY PRESENTATION BY GIVING YOU SOME BRIEF INFORMATION RELATED TO TOTAL INSTALLED POWER CAPACITIES IN TURKEY.1. As a country with a rapidly growing economy, Turkey has an increasing energy demand.At the moment, Total installed capacity has reached to 68 GW3. The energy demand is mostly met by fossil fuels and a large portion of it is imported.4. The biggest share belongs to natural gas and hydraulic with reservoir currently.
7RENEWABLE POWER CAPACITY TOTAL INSTALLEDRENEWABLE POWER CAPACITY(11 GW )1After the demonstration of total installed capacities in Turkey, I would like to show you the distribution of installed renewable capacities also.Total RE power plant capacities has reached to 11 GW at the moment.As can be seen from the graph, the major portion of renewable capacities belongs to hydro sources for the time being.Renewable energy has been one of the hot topics on Turkey’s energy agenda. Significant progress has been made in the field of renewable energy starting from 2005 in order to increase renewable capacities.
8PROJECTION TOTAL CAPACITY: 125 GW TOTAL PRODUCTION: 424 TWh We suppose that installed capacities and electricity productions will probaply reach to 125 GW and 424 TWh in 2023 respectively.Especially, capacities and productions based on renewable energy sources will be expanded untill 2023.
9As you see solar installed capaciyt is 3000 MW according to government plan Total installed capacity in 2023’ is 125 GW , and renewable is 60 GW.
10Main issue that until 2023 the share of renewable energy in total energy production is %30 Total consuption of electricity on 2023, minimum 424 TWH and renewable is total 125 tw
11RENEWABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION PROJECTION 1. Numerous government incentives and funds are available for emerging renewable energy and environmental technologies.Nevertheless, adoption of renewables was accelerated after the amendment of the Renewable Energy Law in 2010, which specifies he feed-in tariffs for different types of technologies.3. After the revised feed-in tariffs, companies in Turkey have been very eager to integrate renewables into their energy portfolio.4. In this figure, we can not see any solar capacity. But, I think solar energy utilization rates in Turkey will grow very fast in near future.You can see the development of the renewable electricity production from 2006 to 2013 and also near future developmentIt is estimated that wind, geothermal and also solar investments will be expanded in coming years.
12RENEWABLE POTENTIAL OF TURKEY 160,000 GWh/a. ECO. HYDRO48,000 MW WIND1,500 kWh/m²-year AGSR31,500 MWt GEOTHERMAL8.6 MTEP BIOMASS1.5-2 MTEP BIOGASTurkey has substantial amount of renewable energy potential and the utilization rates are growing. Hydro, wind and solar energy resources are the major portions of our renewable portfolio.AVARAGE GLOBAL SOLAR RADIATION
13(Provision of the law dated 29/12/2010 and numbered 6094) FEED IN TARIFFSAccording to Law on Utilization of Renewable Energy Resources for the Purpose of Generating Electrical EnergySchedule I(Provision of the law dated 29/12/2010 and numbered 6094)Type of Production Facility Based onRenewable Energy ResourcesPrices Applicable(US Dollar cent/kWh)a. Hydroelectric production facility7.3b. Wind power based production facilityc. Geothermal power based production facility10.5d. Biomass based production facility(including landfill gas)13.3e. Solar power based production facilityThere is schedule one in this law.The first column shows the type of production facility and the second column demonstrates the prices applicable.For example when you produce electricity from solar power then you will get thirteen point three US dollar cent per kWh.Turkey’s Renewable Energy Support Mechanism is in place with the Renewable Energy Law.2. According to the RE Law, Renewable power plants that have come into operation since 18 May 2005 or will come into operationbefore 31 December 2020 will be eligible to receive the feed-in tariffs for the first 10 years of their operation.
14TARGETS FOR 2023The whole economically feasible hydropower potential of Turkey will be provided for generating electrical energy,20,000 MW capacity of wind power plant will be in operationMinimum 3000 MW of solar energy capacity will be reachedMinimum 600 MWe geothermal will be implementedAccording to Strategy Paper which prepared in for 2023,1500 MWe installed capacityfor Biomass energy
15SOLAR ENERGY IN TURKEYThe biggest renewable energy source in Turkey is solar energy.2. Turkey offers perfect natural conditions for solar power investments.3. The country is geographically located in the Mediterranean sun belt.4. Solar radiation values are similar to Spain and Portugal.
16Turkey has higher solar energy potential compared to many European Countries. The South of Turkey and Eastern Anatolia have promising solar energy potential..
18SOLAR WATER HEATING SYSTEMS Turkey is one of the biggest producers of the solar collectors in the world. Some amount of this production is exported.Annual flat-plate solar collector manufacturing capacity is about 1 million m²
19SOLAR THERMAL MARKET PRODUCER : MORE THAN 90 COMPANIES RETAILERS: INSTALLERS : 3000TOTAL POWER : M2PER 1000 INHABITANTS 5TH PLACE IN THE WORLDTHIRD BIGGEST PRODUCER IN THE WORLD2013 PRODUCTION : M2FOR 2013 MARKET SHARE:%70 FLAT PLATE - %30 EVACUATED TUBEMore than ninety producer (collector and storage tank producer), seller nine hundred and insall company around three thousandOn the roof have eighteen milion sqoure meter.Per 1000 inhabitatnts fifth place in the worldThird biggest producer in the worldThree companies produce evacutated tube.
21PV MARKET PV PANEL PRODUCER : 14 COMPANIES (LAMINATION) TOTAL EPC COMPANIES : MORE THAN 100TOTAL POWER PLANT : 35 MW UNLICENSEDUNLICENSE LIMIT : 1 MWLICENSE LIMIT : 50 MWLICENSE APPLICATION : 496 FILES – 7873 MWTOTAL PERMITTED CAPACITY 600 MWLICENSE TIME : BY END OF 2014With the rapidly growing unlicenced market, both PV and CSP capacities are expected to reach to a competitive level in near future in TurkeyCurrently, there are not any large scale (more than 1 MW) grid connected solar power plants.A 5 MW of CSP plant (solar tower) was constructed for research purposes. The system has 500 heliostats in Mersin region.
24SOLAR INVESTMENTS LICENCED UNLICENCED I WOULD LIKE TO MENTION ABOUT MAIN IMPORTANT STEPS FOR SOLAR INVESTMENTS IN TURKEY.IN TURKEY, SOLAR INVESTMENTS CAN BE DONE UNDER LICENSED OR UN-LICENSED MARKETS.
25LICENSED INVESTMENT PROCESS SOLAR MEASUREMENT INSIDE THE PROJECT SITEPRE-LICENSE APPLICATION TO EMRATECHNICAL EVALUATION BY THE MENRCOMPETITION TENDERGRANTED PRE-LICENSESolar power plants that have an installed capacity greater than 1 MW are required to obtain a generation license from the EMRA.Grid connection is the most critical step for solar power investments. So, first of all, TEIAS announces substations and connection capacities in suitable regipons.Before obtaining a license, applicants must make solar measurements inside the project site and shall then make application to EMRA with such measurement results.4. After application, technical evaluations by the MENR and a tender by TEIAS will be done respectively.5. A tender based on a «contribution fee per MW capacity» payable to the Transmission System Operator for the first 3 years followingcommissioning is mandatory for solar investments whose application cover overlapping or intersecting areas aiming for the samesubstation.Applicants who win the tender get pre-licensed and get all related allowances, and then granted license.PERMISSIONS FROM RELATED AUTHORITIESGRANTED LICENSEINSTALLATION & PROJECT ACCEPTANCE FROM THE MENROPERATION
26ANNOUNCED REGIONAL CAPACITY (MW) REGION NOREGIONANNOUNCED REGIONAL CAPACITY (MW)NUMBER OF APPLICATIONTOTAL CAPACITY (MW)14. ANTALYA2912155,2625. ANTALYA10147,43ADANA-OSMANİYE95454BİTLİS16665,2BURDUR2624402,44DENİZLİ1820228,247ELAZIĞ836,2ERZURUM9,9HAKKARİ21ISPARTA - AFYON30420,0411KAHRAMANMARAŞ – ADIYAMAN2728442,9KARAMAN38621128,1213KAYSERİ2531521,9714KONYA - 14636657,9415KONYA - 2671266,03MALATYA - ADIYAMAN22427,1517MERSİN35197,5MUĞLA - AYDIN264,7519MUŞNİĞDE – NEVŞEHİR -AKSARAY51794,1SİİRT – BATMAN - MARDİN32SİVAS5423ŞANLIURFA - DİYARBAKIR58ŞIRNAKVAN - AĞRI77538,67BİNGÖL - TUNCELİERZİNCANTOTAL6004967929,791. ACCORDING TO THE RE LAW, TOTAL INTEGRATED SOLAR POWER PLANT CAPACITY MUST BE 600 MW FOR THE BEGINNING.2. IN ORDER TO REALIZE THIS CAPACITY, FIRST OF ALL, TEIAS has announced 121 electrical substations where thesolar power plants may be connected to, as well as the available interconnection capacities in 27 regions.And thencompanies made solar mesurements and applied for pre-license in the annunced regions in June 2013.All pre-license applications evaluated thechnically by the DG of RE.Applications except Elazığ and Erzurum regions are still evaluation stage in the EMRA.6. TEIAS will organise a tender for applicants, which have applied for the same land or electrical substation. The applicants who offer topay the maximum price per MW capacity will likely win the tenders.
27LOCATIONS APPLIED FOR LICENSE You can see the locations applied for pre-license based on solar energy in 2013.2. The Central Anatolian and Konya are the leading applied provinces.IN THE 2015 NEW CAPACITIES WILL BE ANONCED AND WE ARE WAITING 1200 MW NEW LICENCE CPACITY.The Central Anatolian region and Konya arethe leading applied provinces.
28UN LICENSEDINVESTMENT PROCESS CONNECTION APPLICATION TO DISTRUBITION COMPANYTECHNICAL EVALUATION BY THE MENRINVITATION LETTERPERMISSIONS FROM RELATED AUTHORITIESUN-LICENSED GENERATION DIFFER GREATLY FROM LICENSED GENERATION PROCESS.1. Any natural or legal entity can install a renewable enegry plant with a capacity of less than 1 MW in its facility for their consumptions andsell the excees electricity without getting a license under the Un-license facility.The power plants are not obliged to be owned by a company. Real persons might own these plants without establishing a company.CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION MUST BE THE SAME DISTRIBUTION REGION.4. FIRST OFF ALL, a company or a real persons must apply for the distribution company for the connection right.5. Plants are entitled to direct their excess energy to the grid and to be considered as YEKDEM participants, to be paid for this excess energy.6. This kind of generation benefits from the feed-in tariff defined by the Renewable Energy Support Mechanism.Further, renewable energy power plants that are installed at the point of consumption without grid connection are regarded as unlicensed,regardless of their installed capacity.PROJECT ACCEPTANCE FROM THE MENROPERATION
29THE PREDICTIONS FOR PV MARKET 2023 TARGET : OFFICALLY 3 GWEXPECTATION : 10 – 12 GWUNLICENSE LIMIT : 1 MWNEW LICENSE APP. DATE : APRIL 2015MEASUREMENT : MIN 6 MONTHSTOTAL PERMITTED CAPACITY : 1,2 GW IN 2015
30RENEWABLE ENERGY SUPPORT MECHANISM Renewable power plants that have come into operation since 18 May 2005 or will come into operationbefore 31 December 2020 will be eligible to receive the feed-in tariffs for the first 10 years of their operation.In addition, if the mechanical or electro-mechanical equipment of the power plant is produced locally,a premium shall be added to the feed-in tariffs during the first five years of operation.Turkey’s Renewable Energy Support Mechanism is in place with the Renewable Energy Law.2. According to the RE Law, Renewable power plants that have come into operation since 18 May 2005 or will come into operationbefore 31 December 2020 will be eligible to receive the feed-in tariffs for the first 10 years of their operation.Interesting topic for foreign investors on renewable energy sources in Turkey is the use of domestic mechanical or electro-mechanical equipment. The Turkish Governement also promotes domestic manufacturing of the mechanical or electro-mechanical equipment to be used in renewable power plants.4. If the mechanical or electro-mechanical equipment of the power plant is produced locally,a premium shall be added to the feed-in tariffs during the first five years of operation.
31FEED-IN TARRIF AND LOCAL EQUIPMENT BONUS In Turkey, renewable electricity production is mainly promoted through a guaranteed feed-in tariff mechanism.2. The Turkish Governement guarantees, via a feed-in tariff, to buy electricity from licensed renewable plants for a fixed price dependingon the type of renewable plant facility in case of involving in the RE Support Mechanism.Any natural or legal entities with a capacity of less than 1 MW in its facility has also the opportunuty to benefit from the same prices for allexcess electricity generated by the unlicensed renewable energy generators and then added to the distrubition system.Maximum guaranteed price has been given for solar and biomass energies as seen on the graph.The price is 13.3 USD cents/kWh for the first 10 years of operation for solar PV or solar CSP plants.6. Feed-in tariff amounts and duration for renewable plants to be build after 2020 will be decided by the Turkish Council of Ministers.
32If an investor use locally manufactured mechanical or electro-mechanical components listed on the tables in a PV or CSP solar power plant,different bonus can be added to the fedd-in tarriffs during the first five years of operation.2. Total amout would be 20 euro-cent/kWh for PV plants and 22,5 euro-cent/kWh for CSP plants in case all components produce locally.
34SOCIAL PROJECTS ORKOY ILBANK IPRAD 1 AND IPRAD 2 PROJECTS TURSEFF RE COOPERATIVE
35At the end of my presentation, I would like to announce two important events held in near future in TURKEY.We are pleased to invite you TWO Solar Conferences and ExhibitionSolar Conference and Exhibition (SOLAR-TR 2014) will be organized in İzmir with the support of International Solar Energy Society (ISES) and under the organization by the Turkish Solar Energy Association (GUNDER ) in this week
36SHC CONFERENCE 2015 İstanbul Let’s meet where the continents meet...SHC 2015 will be organized in Istanbul with the support of IEA under the organization by the GUNDER (ISES-TR) in November 2015.I think, these events would be very useful for all the participants. Please save the dates.
37THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION…. Faruk TELEMCİOĞLU firstname.lastname@example.org