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Toward Independence Chapter 5. Introduction Read 5.1.

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Presentation on theme: "Toward Independence Chapter 5. Introduction Read 5.1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Toward Independence Chapter 5

2 Introduction Read 5.1

3 Question 1 What powers did colonial government have in the 18 th century?

4 Question 1 What powers did colonial government have in the 18 th century?

5 Question 1 What powers did colonial government have in the 18 th century? In the 18 th century, colonial government had the power to…

6 Question 1 What powers did colonial government have in the 18 th century? In the 18 th century, colonial government had the power to make laws, create taxes, and determine where tax money should be spent. They were self governing.

7 Question 2 Which event of the French and Indian War do you think was the most significant? Why?

8 Question 2 Which event of the French and Indian War do you think was the most significant? Why?

9 Question 2 Which event of the French and Indian War do you think was the most significant? Why? The most significant event of the French and Indian War was…

10 Question 2 Which event of the French and Indian War do you think was the most significant? Why? The most significant event of the French and Indian War was 1) In 1754, Washington and his men opened fire on a French scouting party in the Ohio Valley starting The French and Indian War.

11 Question 2 Which event of the French and Indian War do you think was the most significant? Why? The most significant event of the French and Indian War was 1) In 1754, Washington and his men opened fire on a French scouting party in the Ohio Valley starting The French and Indian War. 2) In 1759, British troops captured parts of Canada ending The French and Indian War.

12 Question 3 Why was the outcome of the war important for American colonists?

13 Question 3 Why was the outcome of the war important for American colonists?

14 Question 3 Why was the outcome of the war important for American colonists? The American colonist thought the outcome made

15 Question 3 Why was the outcome of the war important for American colonists? The American colonist thought the outcome made them proud to be British and hopeful for the future. They gained the territory in North America.

16 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Proclamation of 1763 Colonists argued in letters and articles that it was tyranny, an unjust use of government power

17 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Proclamation of 1763 Colonists could only settle land east of the Appalachian Mountains Colonists argued in letters and articles that it was tyranny, an unjust use of government power

18 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Proclamation of 1763 Colonists could only settle land east of the Appalachian Mountains Colonists argued in letters and articles that it was tyranny, an unjust use of government power The British government ignored colonists’ complaints and sent more troops to the colonies.

19 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Proclamation of 1763 Colonists could only settle land east of the Appalachian Mountains Colonists argued in letters and articles that it was tyranny, an unjust use of government power The British government ignored colonists’ complaints and sent more troops to the colonies. FOR:

20 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Proclamation of 1763 Colonists could only settle land east of the Appalachian Mountains Colonists argued in letters and articles that it was tyranny, an unjust use of government power The British government ignored colonists’ complaints and sent more troops to the colonies. FOR: The colonists and the Indians will no longer be fighting

21 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Proclamation of 1763 Colonists could only settle land east of the Appalachian Mountains Colonists argued in letters and articles that it was tyranny, an unjust use of government power The British government ignored colonists’ complaints and sent more troops to the colonies. FOR: The colonists and the Indians will no longer be fighting AGAINST:

22 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Proclamation of 1763 Colonists could only settle land east of the Appalachian Mountains Colonists argued in letters and articles that it was tyranny, an unjust use of government power The British government ignored colonists’ complaints and sent more troops to the colonies. FOR: The colonists and the Indians will no longer be fighting AGAINST: The only new land available for settlement is on the other side of the Appalachians

23 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Stamp Act (1765) Colonist had to buy a stamp for any paper they used, including newspapers and cards

24 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Stamp Act (1765) Colonist had to buy a stamp for any paper they used, including newspapers and cards Colonists sent messages to Parliament, refused to buy stamps, and attacked tax collectors

25 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Stamp Act (1765) Colonist had to buy a stamp for any paper they used, including newspapers and cards Colonists sent messages to Parliament, refused to buy stamps, and attacked tax collectors The British government repealed the Stamp Act. FOR:

26 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Stamp Act (1765) Colonist had to buy a stamp for any paper they used, including newspapers and cards Colonists sent messages to Parliament, refused to buy stamps, and attacked tax collectors The British government repealed the Stamp Act. FOR: The colonists pay few taxes compared to other British citizens. It is time for them to pay their fair share for the French and Indian War.

27 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Stamp Act (1765) Colonist had to buy a stamp for any paper they used, including newspapers and cards Colonists sent messages to Parliament, refused to buy stamps, and attacked tax collectors The British government repealed the Stamp Act. FOR: The colonists pay few taxes compared to other British citizens. It is time for them to pay their fair share for the French and Indian War. AGAINST:

28 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Stamp Act (1765) Colonist had to buy a stamp for any paper they used, including newspapers and cards Colonists sent messages to Parliament, refused to buy stamps, and attacked tax collectors The British government repealed the Stamp Act. FOR: The colonists pay few taxes compared to other British citizens. It is time for them to pay their fair share for the French and Indian War. AGAINST: No taxation without representation! You have no right to tax us without our consent.

29 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Quartering Act (1765)

30 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Quartering Act (1765) Colonial assemblies had to provide housing and supplies for British troops.

31 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Quartering Act (1765) Colonial assemblies had to provide housing and supplies for British troops. New York’s assembly refused to give funds for some supplies.

32 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Quartering Act (1765) Colonial assemblies had to provide housing and supplies for British troops. New York’s assembly refused to give funds for some supplies. The British government refused to allow the New York assembly to meet until it complied with the law. FOR: The soldiers are here to protect the colonies from foreign attack, so colonist should help pay for them

33 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Quartering Act (1765) Colonial assemblies had to provide housing and supplies for British troops. New York’s assembly refused to give funds for some supplies. The British government refused to allow the New York assembly to meet until it complied with the law. FOR: The soldiers are here to protect the colonies from foreign attack, so colonist should help pay for them AGAINST:

34 5.3 Early British Actions LawWhat did this law require colonist to do? How did some colonists protest this law? How did the British government react to those protests? Quartering Act (1765) Colonial assemblies had to provide housing and supplies for British troops. New York’s assembly refused to give funds for some supplies. The British government refused to allow the New York assembly to meet until it complied with the law. FOR: The soldiers are here to protect the colonies from foreign attack, so colonist should help pay for them AGAINST: The soldiers take up space and do nothing. Why should we pay for them?

35 5.4 The Townshend Acts What were the Townshend Acts? Why did Parliament pass them?

36 5.4 The Townshend Acts What were the Townshend Acts? Why did Parliament pass them?

37 5.4 The Townshend Acts What were the Townshend Acts? Why did Parliament pass them? The Townshend Acts placed a duty, or tax, on certain goods the colonists imported from Great Britain. The acts were passed to raise money for Great Britain’s army in the colonies.

38 5.4 The Townshend Acts Create a drawing or Political cartoon to show how the colonists, including loyalists, reacted to the Townshend Acts. Make sure your Illustration shows the influence of colonial women during this action. Answer 5.4 #2

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44 5.4 The Townshend Acts Explain why Lord North Decided to repeal the Townshend Acts in Then sketch the one item that was left out of the repeal

45 5.4 The Townshend Acts Explain why Lord North Decided to repeal the Townshend Acts in Then sketch the one item that was left out of the repeal Lord North repealed the Townshend Acts because the taxes were not raising enough money to cover the losses due to the boycott.

46 5.4 The Townshend Acts Explain why Lord North Decided to repeal the Townshend Acts in Then sketch the one item that was left out of the repeal Lord North repealed the Townshend Acts because the taxes were not raising enough money to cover the losses due to the boycott. Sketches should show that tea was left out of the repeal.

47 5.5 The Boston Massacre

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49 What role did John Adams play after the Boston Massacre and why?

50 5.5 The Boston Massacre What role did John Adams play after the Boston Massacre and why?

51 5.5 The Boston Massacre What role did John Adams play after the Boston Massacre and why? John Adams defended the British soldiers who were accused of killing colonists at the Boston Massacre. He believed in upholding the law and that every person had the right to a fair trial.

52 5.6 The Boston Tea Party Rewrite this sentence to make it correct: The Boston Massacre and the repeal of taxes under the Townshend Acts began huge protests across the colonies.

53 5.6 The Boston Tea Party Rewrite this sentence to make it correct: The Boston Massacre did not cause new protests against the British; and the repeal of taxes under the Townshend Acts began a period of calm in the colonies.

54 5.6 The Boston Tea Party Give one argument in favor of the Tea Act and one argument against the Tea Act

55 5.6 The Boston Tea Party Give one argument in favor of the Tea Act and one argument against the Tea Act Argument for the Tea Act: It will lower the cost of tea in the colonies. It will keep the British East India Company from going bankrupt.

56 5.6 The Boston Tea Party Give one argument in favor of the Tea Act and one argument against the Tea Act Argument against the Tea Act: It will create a monopoly of the tea trade. It will cause colonists to worry that the British government will try to control other trades.

57 5.6 The Boston Tea Party

58 Patriot Temper Tantrum at Boston Harbor Loyalists saw the Patriots as rowdy, unreasonable, and difficult to control.

59 5.6 The Boston Tea Party Patriot Temper Tantrum at Boston Harbor Loyalists saw the Patriots as rowdy, unreasonable, and difficult to control. Magnificent Moment of Defending Our Rights Patriots believed this destructive action was necessary to defend their rights of representation in government.

60 5.7 The Intolerable Acts How did King George’s feelings toward the colonies change after the Boston Tea Party?

61 5.7 The Intolerable Acts How did King George’s feelings toward the colonies change after the Boston Tea Party?

62 5.7 The Intolerable Acts How did King George’s feelings toward the colonies change after the Boston Tea Party? After the Boston Tea Party, King George no longer simply wanted to collect taxes from the colonists. He now wanted to take control of the colonies.

63 5.6 The Intolerable Acts Actions of the Intolerable Acts How might this hurt you?

64 5.6 The Intolerable Acts Actions of the Intolerable Acts How might this hurt you? Closed Boston Harbor to shipping.

65 5.6 The Intolerable Acts Actions of the Intolerable Acts How might this hurt you? Closed Boston Harbor to shipping. My business may lose money

66 5.6 The Intolerable Acts Actions of the Intolerable Acts How might this hurt you?

67 5.6 The Intolerable Acts Actions of the Intolerable Acts How might this hurt you? The British government now controlled the government in Massachusetts.

68 5.6 The Intolerable Acts Actions of the Intolerable Acts How might this hurt you? The British government now controlled the government in Massachusetts. I have less say in my government than before. I can’t even gather with other colonists at town meetings without the governor’s permission.

69 5.6 The Intolerable Acts Actions of the Intolerable Acts How might this hurt you?

70 5.6 The Intolerable Acts Actions of the Intolerable Acts How might this hurt you? A British soldier accused of murder would have his trial in England, not in the colonies.

71 5.6 The Intolerable Acts Actions of the Intolerable Acts How might this hurt you? A British soldier accused of murder would have his trial in England, not in the colonies. People in England will not understand all the circumstances of the trial and will probably take the soldier’s side. This might make it easier for soldiers to get away with murder

72 5.6 The Intolerable Acts Actions of the Intolerable Acts How might this hurt you? More soldiers were sent to Boston to make sure colonist followed the laws.

73 5.6 The Intolerable Acts Actions of the Intolerable Acts How might this hurt you? More soldiers were sent to Boston to make sure colonist followed the laws. More freedoms will be taken from us as the British government uses more force.

74 5.7 The Intolerable Acts The colonists took several actions to oppose the Intolerable Acts. Which two actions do you agree with the most and why?

75 5.7 The Intolerable Acts The colonists took several actions to oppose the Intolerable Acts. Which two actions do you agree with the most and why?

76 5.7 The Intolerable Acts The colonists took several actions to oppose the Intolerable Acts. Which two actions do you agree with the most and why? 1) Merchants in other colonies closed their shops to oppose the treatment of colonists in Massachusetts.

77 5.7 The Intolerable Acts The colonists took several actions to oppose the Intolerable Acts. Which two actions do you agree with the most and why? 1) Merchants in other colonies closed their shops to oppose the treatment of colonists in Massachusetts. 2) Virginians called for a meeting of delegates from all the colonies to find a peaceful solution.

78 5.7 The Intolerable Acts The colonists took several actions to oppose the Intolerable Acts. Which two actions do you agree with the most and why? 1) Merchants in other colonies closed their shops to oppose the treatment of colonists in Massachusetts. 2) Virginians called for a meeting of delegates from all the colonies to find a peaceful solution. 3)Some towns and cities began to organize militias.

79 5.7 The Intolerable Acts What new idea did Patrick Henry bring to the first Continental Congress?

80 5.7 The Intolerable Acts What new idea did Patrick Henry bring to the first Continental Congress?

81 5.7 The Intolerable Acts What new idea did Patrick Henry bring to the first Continental Congress? Patrick Henry urged colonists to unite by thinking of themselves as one group of people: Americans.

82 5.7 The Intolerable Acts What decision did the First Continental Congress make?

83 5.7 The Intolerable Acts What decision did the First Continental Congress make? The First Continental Congress decided to send a message to King George asking him to recognize their rights. The Congress also called for a new boycott of British goods until the Intolerable Acts were repealed.

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