2 OrganizationEach party has as National committee led by the national chairperson.Choose party candidates for presidentsSometime through a caucus – special closed meetingEach Party has a State Committee as well.At this level they elect governors, stat legislators etc.Locally – divided into precincts (elections districts)Political Machines – strong local organizations that has a big say in who wins the electionsHow can political machines be harmful?
3 Selecting Party Candidates Direct Primary – Voters choose candidates to represent their partyClosed primary – only party members can voteOpen primary – anyone can vote in or out of their partyUsually have to win by plurality (most votes) but some states require a majority
4 Functions of political parties Support candidateCommunicate with citizensRun thE governmentLink different parts of governmentAct as a watcHdog
5 Abortion Same-sex Marriage Death Penalty Energy & Oil Gun Control AbortionPro-ChoicePro-LifeSame-sex MarriageNo national federal same sex marriage ban.Propose a Constitutional amendment banning same sex marriage.Death PenaltyDo not support the death penalty.Supports the death penalty.Energy & OilGovernment should develop renewable energy.Private sector, not the government should respond to energy needs.Gun ControlAuthorize assault weapons ban.Support Second Amendment rights.Health CareExpand coverage and cut healthcare costs.Universal healthcare is inefficient and too expensive to taxpayers.ImmigrationHave a path for aliens to become citizens.Only legal immigrants can come through controlled borders.GovernmentBig central government; government meets the needs of its citizens through agencies to help the disadvantaged.Limited government; supports private/nonprofit organizations to help the disadvantaged. SpendingSupports spending on domestic social programs.Supports spending on defense.