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Compliance Test and Reports Texas AgriLife Extension Service.

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Presentation on theme: "Compliance Test and Reports Texas AgriLife Extension Service."— Presentation transcript:

1 Compliance Test and Reports Texas AgriLife Extension Service

2 Overview  Required Reporting and Options  Sample Reporting Documents  Sample Collection  Testing and Report Frequency  Consequences of Not Completing Tests and Reports  Consequences of Noncompliance  Record Keeping

3 Treatment and Disposal Requirements  Not all sites are suitable for standard drainfield systems.

4 Treatment and Disposal Requirements cont.  Some treatment train combinations require secondary quality effluent. Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Total Suspended Solids (TSS): 30-day Average………...20 mg/L Seven-day Average…….30 mg/L Daily Maximum………..45 mg/L Single Grab…………….65 mg/L pH standard units

5 WASTEWATER QUALITY TESTS  BOD Biochemical oxygen demand Biochemical oxygen demand  TSS Total suspended solids Total suspended solids  Bacteria Indicators of disinfection Indicators of disinfection Chlorine residual Chlorine residual Fecal Coliform Fecal Coliform

6 Biochemical Oxygen Demand  Biochemical oxygen demand, or BOD is the amount of oxygen used during the breakdown of organic material  BOD is considered an indirect measure of the organic content of a sample  CBOD – Carbonaceous Biochemical Oxygen Demand  Laboratory test: oxygen demand, mg/L

7 Total Suspended Solids  Amount of the total solids that may be caught with a 1.5 µm filter  Measure of system performance.  Laboratory test: mass of solids, mg/L

8 Fecal Coliform  Indicator microorganism Cultured in standard tests to indicate contamination (laboratory) Cultured in standard tests to indicate contamination (laboratory) Membrane filter technique Membrane filter technique Direct count of colonies trapped and culturedDirect count of colonies trapped and cultured Multiple tube fermentation method Multiple tube fermentation method Provides an estimate of the MPN per 100 mLProvides an estimate of the MPN per 100 mL Measured as colonies/100 mL Measured as colonies/100 mL

9 Required Reporting and Testing  Onsite wastewater treatment systems using soil for removal of most of the wastewater constituents do not require testing and reporting Example: septic tank and drain field. Example: septic tank and drain field.  Treatment trains with a secondary treatment Greater risk of public or environmental health Greater risk of public or environmental health Because of limited treatment potential by the native soil Because of limited treatment potential by the native soil Because of risk of human contact with the wastewater. Because of risk of human contact with the wastewater.  Therefore, secondary treatment systems have a reporting requirement.  Surface distribution systems and non-standard treatment systems have a testing requirement.

10 Required Reporting and Testing  All onsite wastewater treatment systems that utilize a secondary treatment component are required to report the system status.  A summary of the various treatment train options that include secondary treatment are described in a Table.  The Table also identifies the treatment train options requiring both testing and reporting requirements.

11 OSSF Testing and Reporting System Description Maintenance Contract/ Affidavit Required Maintenance Activities Required Testing and Reporting Requirements (2) Septic Tank & Absorptive Drainfield NoPer designNo Septic Tank & ET Drainfield (Unlined) No (3)Per designNo Septic Tank & ET Drainfield (Lined) No (3)Per designNo Septic Tank & Pumped Drainfield NoPer designNo Septic Tank & Leaching Chamber NoPer designNo Septic Tank & Gravelless Pipe NoPer designNo Septic Tank & Low Pressure Dosing NoPer designNo Septic Tank & Absorptive Mounds NoPer designNo

12 OSSF Testing and Reporting System Description Maintenance Contract/ Affidavit Required Maintenance Activities Required Testing and Reporting Requirements (2) Septic Tank & Soil Substitution NoPer designNo Septic Tank, Secondary Treatment, Filter & Surface Application YesEntire OSSFTest & Report Secondary Treatment & Standard Absorptive Drainfields YesTreatment System Report Secondary Treatment & ET Drainfield YesTreatment System Report Secondary Treatment & Leaching Chamber YesTreatment System Report Secondary Treatment & Gravelless Pipe YesTreatment System Report Secondary Treatment & Filters & Drip Emitter YesEntire OSSFReport Secondary Treatment & Low Pressure Dosing YesTreatment System Report

13 OSSF Testing and Reporting System Description Maintenance Contract/ Affidavit Required Maintenance Activities Required Testing and Reporting Requirements (2) Secondary Treatment & Absorptive Mounds YesTreatment System Report Secondary Treatment & Surface Application YesEntire OSSFTest & Report Any Other Treatment System Per permitting authority Any Other Subsurface Disposal System Per permitting authority Any Other Surface Disposal System YesPer permitting authority Non-Standard Treatment & Surface Application YesEntire OSSFTest & Report: Per permitting authority Holding Tank YesPump Tank as needed Keep Pump records

14 Required Reporting and Testing continued  The component of the onsite wastewater treatment system requiring the testing and reporting is also presented in the Table 4.1.  For example, treatment train with secondary treatment and a soil absorptive drainfield Reporting treatment system operation (Table 4.1). Reporting treatment system operation (Table 4.1).  A treatment train with secondary treatment and surface application Reporting the entire system operation and testing on the disinfection component. Reporting the entire system operation and testing on the disinfection component.

15 Report Requirements  The maintenance provider performing service on onsite wastewater treatment systems must report: any responses to owner complaints, any responses to owner complaints, the results of the maintenance company findings and the results of the maintenance company findings and the test results. the test results.  This report must be submitted to the permitting authority and if applicable to the owner within 14 days after the date the test is performed.  The report includes items: Findings regarding items inspected Findings regarding items inspected Repairs conducted and items replaced Repairs conducted and items replaced Responses to complaints Responses to complaints Test results where applicable. Test results where applicable.  Three signed & dated copies of the report: permitting authority, owner, provider

16 Sample Testing and Reporting Record (30 TAC 285) 1.Required frequency of maintenance check and tests (daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, every 4 months). Actual date of test: 2.System inspection:Property Address: Permit Number: Person Performing Inspection: (Signature) (Signature) Inspected Item: OperationalInoperative Aerators, Filters, Irrigation Pumps, Recirculation Pumps, Sludge Condition, Disinfection Device, Chlorine Supply, Electrical Circuits, Distribution System, Sprayfield Vegetation/Seeding (if applicable), Other as Noted

17 Table 4 Sample Testing and Reporting Record (30 TAC 285) 3.Repairs to system (list all components replaced): 4.Tests required and results: Test Required: Yes No, Results (units): mg/L, mpn/100 mL, or trace, Test Method: BOD (Grab) TSS (Grab) Cl 2 (Grab) Fecal Coliform (Grab)

18 Table 4 Sample Testing and Reporting Record (30 TAC 285) 5.Date(s) responded to owner complaints during reporting period (attach copy of complaint and findings): 6.General comments or recommendations:

19 Sample Collection  Timing of sampling  Sampling location  Sample collection  Sample containers  Sample volume  Sample transport  Laboratory  Interference

20 Sampling Location  Depends on test  Process performance  Best – external sampling port  Outlet baffles  Discharge from system  Disinfection from pump tank

21 Sample Collection  Selecting right tool for the job.  Sludge judge  Dip Stick  Sample bottle  Dipper  Vacuum pump

22 Sample Transport  Ice Chest  Time of day How late will lab accept samples How late will lab accept samples Test specific Test specific  Day of week 5-day BOD 5-day BOD  Check with lab for constraints on analysis  Garbage-in equals garbage-out

23 Testing and Reporting 285.7(e)(4)  State Perspective: The owner of an OSSF for a single family residence who elects to maintain their unit through the homeowner exemption is not subject to testing and reporting requirements.  County Authority: Can be more stringent than State and require reporting

24 Testing and Reporting 285.7(g)  Inspections by authorized agents or commission. An authorized agent or the commission may inspect an on-site sewage system using aerobic treatment at any time.

25 Testing and Reporting 285.7(f)  Replacement parts. The manufacturer of the installed on-site aerobic system shall make available to the homeowner all replacement parts for that aerobic system to any homeowner who elects to maintain the on-site aerobic system. The manufacturer shall also make replacement parts available to installers and maintenance providers. Failure to do so may result in removal of the manufacturer’s product(s) from the list of approved systems.

26 Testing and Report Frequency  Surface application and subsurface disposal, require a test and report a minimum of once every four months.  For non-single family residences only, one BOD 5 and TSS grab sample per year is required.  Minimum acceptable test results for the BOD 5 and TSS grab samples are not to exceed 65 mg/L.

27 Testing and Report Frequency  Compliance of the disinfection component will be verified at each service visit.  The total chlorine residual or fecal coliform testing must be performed to verify disinfection operation.  Minimum acceptable test results Total chlorine residual is 0.1 mg/L residual in the pump tank Total chlorine residual is 0.1 mg/L residual in the pump tank Fecal coliform is not to exceed 200 MPN/100 mL (CFU/100mL). Fecal coliform is not to exceed 200 MPN/100 mL (CFU/100mL).

28 Required testing and reporting (30TAC (4)) Type and Size of Treatment Unit Testing FrequencyRequired TestsMinimum Acceptable Test Results Any Treatment Method in Conjunction with Surface Application At least once every four months One BOD 5 and TSS Grab Sample Per Year (non-single family residences only) Total Chlorine Residual or Fecal Coliform at Each Required Test BOD 5 and TSS Grab Samples Not to Exceed 65 mg/L 0.1 mg/L Residual in Pump Tank or Fecal Coliform Not to Exceed 200 MPN/100 mL (CFU/100 mL) Any Secondary Treatment System At least once every four months None Non StandardPermit Specific

29 Testing and Report Frequency  Electronic Monitoring and Automatic Notification (EMAN)  The required number of tests per year will be reduced  From three (every four months) to two (every six months) per year

30 Testing and Report Frequency - Electronic Monitoring and Automatic Notification  Electronic monitoring and automatic telephone or radio access.  Notify the maintenance company of system or components failure and will monitor the amount of disinfection in the system.  Maintenance company shall be responsible for ensuring that the electronic monitoring and automatic telephone or radio access systems are working properly.

31 Consequences of Not Completing Tests and Reports – Requiring Maintenance Contract  An authorized agent or the commission conditions approval of a permit for an on-site sewage disposal system using aerobic treatment on the system's owner contracting for the maintenance of the system, the order, resolution, or rule may require the maintenance company to: (1) inspect the system at specified intervals; (2) submit a report on each inspection to the authorized agent or commission; and (1) inspect the system at specified intervals; (2) submit a report on each inspection to the authorized agent or commission; and (3) provide a copy of each report submitted to the system's owner. (3) provide a copy of each report submitted to the system's owner.

32 Owners Duties with Respect to Noncompliance  If an OSSF is malfunctioning, the owner shall bring the OSSF into compliance by repairing the malfunction. the owner shall bring the OSSF into compliance by repairing the malfunction.  The owner shall initiate repair of a malfunctioning OSSF no later than: the 30th day after the date of notification if owner not notified during previous 12 months; the 30th day after the date of notification if owner not notified during previous 12 months; the 20th day after the date of notification if owner notified once during previous 12 months; the 20th day after the date of notification if owner notified once during previous 12 months; the 10th day after the date of notification if owner notified at least twice during previous 12 months; the 10th day after the date of notification if owner notified at least twice during previous 12 months;

33 Duties of Owners With Malfunctioning OSSFs (b)  If aerobic treatment system maintenance is provided by the homeowner, as described in 285.7(d)(4) of this title (relating to Maintenance Requirements), an authorized agent or the commission may require the homeowner to contract for maintenance of the on-site sewage disposal system using aerobic treatment for a single-family residence if the system is located in a county of at least 40,000 persons and:

34 Duties of Owners With Malfunctioning OSSFs (b)  (1) the authorized agent or commission determines that the owner has violated this chapter or a rule adopted or order or permit issued under this chapter and the owner fails to correct the violation no later than the 10 th day after the date of receipt of notification by the permitting authority, or  (2) the owner commits another violation before the third anniversary of the initial violation of this chapter or rule adopted und the Texas Health and Safety Code, Chapter 366.

35 Consequences of Noncompliance - Definitions  Malfunctioning OSSF: An OSSF that is causing a nuisance or is not operating in compliance with this chapter.An OSSF that is causing a nuisance or is not operating in compliance with this chapter.  Nuisance: sewage, human excreta, or other organic waste discharged or exposed in a manner that makes it a potential instrument or medium in the transmission of disease to or between persons;sewage, human excreta, or other organic waste discharged or exposed in a manner that makes it a potential instrument or medium in the transmission of disease to or between persons; an overflow from a septic tank or similar device, including surface discharge from groundwater contamination by a component of an OSSF; oran overflow from a septic tank or similar device, including surface discharge from groundwater contamination by a component of an OSSF; or a blatant discharge from an OSSF a blatant discharge from an OSSF

36 Malfunctions  Failing an effluent standard is an indication of a malfunctioning system  Inspection reports showing uncorrected physical conditions, complaints, or nonfunctioning equipment indicates a malfunction  A system creating a nuisance is considered a malfunction

37 Consequences of Noncompliance – Additional Requirements  More stringent requirements may be set by local authorized agents.

38 Record Keeping  A maintenance provider must maintain records regarding the performance of maintenance on an onsite wastewater treatment system.  Minimum documentation: any responses to owner complaints, results of the maintenance company findings, repairs to system, and test results.  Failure to maintain these documents is viewed as a failure to perform the required maintenance. Therefore, the lack of maintaining the records can result in the suspension of the maintenance provider license

39 Summary  Required Reporting and Options  Testing and Report Frequency  Consequences of Not Completing Tests and Reports  Consequences of Noncompliance  Record Keeping


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