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Water in Antiquity Conference, Israel 14-20 October 2012 Yardenna Alexandre Israel Antiquities Authority 1 THE INVERTED SIPHON PIPELINES TO TEL BET YERAH-AL-SINNABRA.

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Presentation on theme: "Water in Antiquity Conference, Israel 14-20 October 2012 Yardenna Alexandre Israel Antiquities Authority 1 THE INVERTED SIPHON PIPELINES TO TEL BET YERAH-AL-SINNABRA."— Presentation transcript:

1 Water in Antiquity Conference, Israel October 2012 Yardenna Alexandre Israel Antiquities Authority 1 THE INVERTED SIPHON PIPELINES TO TEL BET YERAH-AL-SINNABRA

2 Israel Antiquities Authority 2 BET YERAH EXCAVATION R. JORDAN

3 The Earthwork Damage Israel Antiquities Authority 3

4 Basalt Pipeline Israel Antiquities Authority 4

5 Basalt Pipeline Israel Antiquities Authority 5

6 Basalt Pipeline Israel Antiquities Authority 6

7 7

8 Clay pipeline Clay pipeline uncovered by mechanical digger Israel Antiquities Authority 8 Clay pipeline below basalt pipeline cut by 1960s water pipe

9 Clay pipeline Israel Antiquities Authority 9

10 The Finds Israel Antiquities Authority CE

11 Plan and section of basalt and clay pipes Israel Antiquities Authority 11

12 Basalt blocks in courtyards Israel Antiquities Authority 12 Basalt blocks presented as pipeline at the Yardenit Secondary use as drinking fountain at Degania

13 Israel Antiquities Authority 13 Where did the basalt pipeline come from? Where was it going? When was it built? What is the relationship between the clay pipe and the basalt pipe? A. Saarisalo R. Amiran Basalt pipe blocks next to the old road from Moshavat Kinneret to Kibbutz Kinneret, 1950

14 Berenice Water Channel Israel Antiquities Authority 14  Y Stephanski  T. Tsuk

15 Tell Bet Yerah Israel Antiquities Authority 15 Tell Ummayad bathhouse hypocaust and circular pool, 1950s excavations

16 Tell Bet Yerah clay pipes Israel Antiquities Authority 16 Clay pipeline adjacent to bathhouse Clay pipeline in present excavation

17 Bet Yerah/al-Sinnabra inverted siphon pipeline: Reconstruction Drawing Israel Antiquities Authority 17 By Stephen Rosenberg Berenice Aqueduct al-Sinnabra bathhouse Jordan river

18 Hippos-Sussita Israel Antiquities Authority 18 Sea of Galilee Sussita Bet Yerah  M. Eisenberg

19 Israel Antiquities Authority 19

20 Credits and Consultations Meqorot water company (finance) R. Mishayev and M. Kahan, IAA (surveying) Y. Shmidov, IAA (drafting) A. Shapiro, IAA (GPS, petrography) H. Tahan-Rosen, IAA (artifacts drawing) L. Kupershmidt, IAA (metallurgical laboratory) C. Amit, IAA (coin photography) G. Bijovsky, IAA (numismatics) Y. Gorin-Rosen, IAA (glass) M. Hartal and W. Atrash, IAA (Tiberias Excavations) S. Paz, Institute of Archaeology Tel Aviv University (Tel Bet Yerah Archaeological Expedition) T. Tsuk, chief archaeologist National Parks Authority (Ancient water systems, some photographs) Z. Ahipaz, chief water engineer National Water Authority (modern water systems) M. Eisenberg, Haifa University ( Hippos-Sussita Expedition) Israel Antiquities Authority 20 THANKSTHANKS


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