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Structural Economics of Local Food in the region of South-Savo Antto Vihma 6.4.05 University of Helsinki Ruralia.

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Presentation on theme: "Structural Economics of Local Food in the region of South-Savo Antto Vihma 6.4.05 University of Helsinki Ruralia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Structural Economics of Local Food in the region of South-Savo Antto Vihma University of Helsinki Ruralia

2 Science, economics and local food Local food is a relatively young concept in the national discourse Major problem: how to define local food? Economics and modelling economics is ”general and not exact” lack of data and tradition on the regional level Statistics Finland has a key role In order to understand Input-output model, one must begin with economic structure of the subject region

3 The share of an industry of the regional total Osuus koko Maa- ja Teollisuus ja Kauppa ja Muut maasta metsä rakentaminen liikennepalvelut Finland100.0%3.7 %34.2%22.1 %40.0%100.0% Uusimaa35.4%0.4 %26.0%28.8 %44.9 %100% Pirkanmaa8.0%2.9%42.2%18.1 %36.7 %100% Satakunta4.1 %4.6%45.1 %17.5%32.8%100% Kymenlaakso3.7%3.3 %43.3 %24.0%29.4%100 % Pohjois-Savo3.6%8.7 %28.8 %17.8 %44.7 %100 % Pohjanmaa3.2%7.1 %40.2%18.7%34.0%100% Lappi 3.1 %5.3 %37.4%18.3 %39.0 %100% Pohjois-Karjala2.5%9.4%33.2%16.9%40.4%100% Kanta-Häme2.4%5.6%32.7%16.6%45.1%100% Etelä-Savo2.2%13.8 %23.5 %16.7 %46.0%100% Itä-Uusimaa1.4%3.4%49.8 %13.9 %32.9%100% Kainuu 1.1 %9.4%24.3 %17.7%48.6%100% Ahvenanmaa0.7 %4.1 %12.7 %43.3 %40.0 %100 %

4 Tragedy of a rural economy “Peripheral regions are considered specialised because they tend to concentrate on a narrow range of export-oriented natural resource-based raw materials or low- technology goods and services, with limited inter-sector production and consumption linkages.” Siegel ym. (1995, 271)

5 South-Savo: share of the output exported Agriculture76 % Forestry76 % Food industry21 % Hotels, restaurants, catering5 %

6 Etelä-Savo: tuontipanosten osuus välituotekäytöstä Agriculture71 % Forestry49 % Food industry62 % Hotels, restaurants, catering53 %

7 Scenario: South-Savo foodstuff demand grows Volume of the growth is 55,2 mmk The composition of the demand remains the same The growth is 5 % of the total foodstuff demand in South-Savo Public foodstuff demand is c. 214 mmk (year 2000)

8 Industries of the Regional Agro- Economic Model 1Crop production 2Livestock production 3Garden production 4Forestry and logging 5 6Food industry 7Forest and paper industry 8 9Chemicals and chemical products 10Other manufacturing 11Electricity, gas and heat supply 12Construction Real estate, renting and business activities 17 18Public administration and services Hotels and restaurants Transport, reservoir and communications Private services Hunting and fishing Metal, machinery and equipment industry Wholesale and retail trade

9 Growth of output by industry

10 Growth of output by industry, %

11 Growth of employment by industry

12 Growth of employment by industry, %

13 Division of growth, output and employment

14 Some remarks Growth of foodstuff demand in South-Savo doesn’t come across strongly to industries other than food industry and trade The result is pretty trivial, but has been left out of the debate on local food Not to be interpreted as a sceptical argument against localising food systems The image and willingness to pay rest on local food bringing ”viability” to rural regions Policy recomendation: a more precise instrument than general growth of foodstuff demand is needed

15 Scenario B: growth of output by industry

16 Growth of output by industry, 100%

17 Growth of employment by industry, 100%


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