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METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION Kyiv Mohyla Academy National Agricultural University V. Lavryk V. Bogolyubov 20-24.

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Presentation on theme: "METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION Kyiv Mohyla Academy National Agricultural University V. Lavryk V. Bogolyubov 20-24."— Presentation transcript:

1 METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION Kyiv Mohyla Academy National Agricultural University V. Lavryk V. Bogolyubov march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia CITES-2005

2 2 Economic activities of the person generates such phenomena as soil erosion, pollution of atmosphere and hydrosphere with waste products of power, transport, industry and agriculture. Global problems - biosphere change (climate, geo- biotops, pollutants ets.) march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION

3 3 For the characteristic of ecological condition of different components of biosphere it is necessary to trace, accumulate and analyze huge volumes of various information. METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION Forecasting Environmental Management Socio-Economical management Analyses Measurements Local level Region level Global level Sustainable Development

4 4 It is necessary to allocate two main requirements to formation of system of parameters which characterize an ecological condition ecosystems:  Simplicity and convenience of use  Reliability of identification of a condition of natural complexes march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION

5 5 For studying and forecasting the natural ecosystems state in the modern conditions it is expedient to create expert geoinformation systems march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION

6 6 For creation of expert nature protection geoinformation systems (ENPGIS) it is necessary: to prove criteria of condition estimation of environment objects to prove parameters of condition of environment objects to create electronic maps of all regions which are under negative anthropogenous influence march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION

7 7 Development of effective system of parameters for estimation of biosphere and its components condition is practically impossible without application of system analysis methods march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION

8 8 The most important concepts of the system analysis for ENPGIS development are: purpose concept the concept of knowledge information unity the concept of complex use of all accessible information the concept of optimization of information systems march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION

9 9 The major tasks at ENPGIS creation are: definition of the purpose choice of methods of research objects studying development of the necessary system structure filling of the system with concrete contents march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION

10 10 Purpose of ENPGIS is examination of natural and complexes and optimization of activity on nature protection and recovery march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION

11 11 First of all ENPGIS should provide a priority to ecological-landscape parameters and characteristics march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION

12 12 The estimation methodology of natural and natural and man-caused complexes should take into account: landscape -geographical factors structure of these factors functional features of natural and man- caused complexes march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION

13 march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia The first block: Types of ecosystems, landscapes, woods, meadows, reservoirs, etc. The second block: Industrial targets, settlements, agroecosystems, etc. The third block: Kinds and concentration of polluting substances, etc. The fourth block: Software, algorithms of calculations of qualitative and quantitative changes in the structure of the basic characteristics of ecosystems The fifth block: System of ecological estimation, forecasting and management METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION

14 14 The first block enables to estimate a structure of the landscape of one or another area. The information on parameters and characteristics of the basic biosphere components accumulates in it march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION

15 15 The second block characterizes the data on anthropogenous influence which directly changes a structure of natural landscapes, transforming them into natural- anthropogenous march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION

16 16 The third block accumulates the data on water, air and soils pollution with the most harmful substances, and also allows to define the kinds and concentration of polluting substances in different components of biosphere (and in individual organisms) march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION

17 17 The fourth block combines the information on the response of different ecosystems on anthropogenous loading. It uses a corresponding software and connects first three blocks in the information reference subsystem march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION

18 18 The fifth block allows to form an ecological estimation of the ecosystem condition. It enables to develop recommendations for optimum control of the environment condition march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION

19 19 The first block: Types of ecosystems, landscapes, woods, meadows, reservoirs, etc. The second block: Industrial targets, settlements, agroecosystems, etc. The third block: Kinds and concentration of polluting substances, etc. The fourth block: Software, algorithms of calculations of qualitative and quantitative changes in the structure of the basic characteristics of ecosystems The fifth block: System of ecological estimation, forecasting and management METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia

20 20 Conclusions and recommendations: Conclusion 1. Submitted ENPGIS structure allows to estimate an ecological situation in one or another area as from the point of view of structure definition and ecological capacity of natural complexes, and concerning pollution of all biosphere components march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION

21 21 Conclusion 2. Creation and complex implementation of expert nature protection system will enable not only to receive operatively objective and reliable information about ecological condition of the natural objects and sources of their pollution, but also to develop scientifically proved recommendations concerning the optimum modes of the environment control march 2005 Novosibirsk, Russia METHODOLOGICAL BASES OF NATURE PROTECTION GEOINFORMATION SYSTEM CREATION

22 22 Thank you for attention!!


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