K-12 Best educational practices (what works) Solution focused approach (questioning) Community schools (local vs private/international) Interaction and contact between and within schools
Networking with schools in our community Closer pedagogical work with local schools (supporting those schools with German language electives ie PNHS) Supporting schools that are supported by our greater European Community (DAAD partners) Exposing students to different venues of education Creating global solidarity by discovering common successes Looking at national education through a German/French cultural lense
As the Republic of the Philippines begins the mammoth task of moving to a K-12 educational set-up, an exchange of information and experiences between international and local community schools became practical. With overall goals of discovering best educational practices in each school, following the solution-focused questioning approach, the possibility of building on each others successes with the advantage of our various cultural perspectives (French-German-Filipino) produced a richness of data not often seen. With 42 student and teacher researchers from three local and two private international schools in Parañaque, Metro Manila, gathering data through observation and interviews, discovered themes ranged from the concrete (“modernized facilities”) to the abstract and fanciful (“metro-cozy”). Twenty best educational practices, spread throughout the five schools summarized this wealth of information such as: differentiation, facility and technological accommodation, school pride, flexibility, and global perspective. Conclusions include the effectiveness of the solutions focused questioning approach in addressing educational practices, as well as the practicality of mutual educational support between local and international schools. Implications for the K-12 initiative as well as for EIS’s own school development goals are yet to be explored. More advanced qualitative analysis is necessary for further recommendations and conclusions.
Week 1 EFM/GESM Visits Local Schools November 6Orientation of Students to Methodology and Expectations of the Study (EIS) November 13Meet and Greet at PNHS November 19Orientation of Students to Methodology and Expectations of the Study (Local) November 20SunValley 8-2:30 pm November 21Moonwalk 8-2:30pm November 22PNHS 8-2:30pm Week 2 Local Schools Visit EFM/GESM November 27Moonwalk: EFM/GESM November 28SunValley: EFM/GESM November 29PNHS: EFM/GESM case to case follow-up dates TBA) December 6Preliminary Results Due Date January 14, 2013Final Results Due Date March 7, 2013Presentation of Results Date Table 1. Due Dates and Visitation Schedules
Best Educational Practices (Lombardi et al, 2003) TargetMethod FacilitiesGuided Tour of Campus/PO ClassroomParticipant Observation MethodologyParticipant Observation HomeworkFocus Group Extracurricular (MAPE. TLE, VE)Guided tour/Participant Observation Student governmentInterview with Student Council AdministrationExpert Interview CurriculumInterview (Faculty) DisciplineInterview (Students, Faculty) FacultyInterview Culture (nationalism?)Interview ReligionInterview School CultureInterview K-12 InitiativeInterview Table 2. Best Educational Practices Matrix
…instrument and data collection Participant Observation (DESCRIBE) Semi-Structured Interview Facilities: Describe what you have observed on the school tour: Rate each on a scale of 1-5, and make comments on your rating: Cleanliness (general) Space: Upkeep: Interview: What is working well? On a scale of 1-10, where would you rate this? What makes it a _______? What could you do to make it one point better? Classroom 1______ Interview: What is working well? On a scale of 1-10, where would you rate this? What makes it a _______? What could you do to make it one point better? Methodology 1 Describe what you have observed: Rate each on a scale of 1-5, and make comments on your rating: Technology: Interview: What is working well? On a scale of 1-10, where would you rate this? What makes it a _______? What could you do to make it one point better? Homework 1: Describe your homework. Rate on a scale of 1-5, and make comments. Overall: What is working well? On a scale of 1-10, where would you rate this? What makes it a _______? What could you do to make it one point better? Extracurricular (MAPE. TLE, VE)Interview: What is working well? On a scale of 1-10, where would you rate this? What makes it a _______? What could you do to make it one point better? Student governmentInterview: What is working well? On a scale of 1-10, where would you rate this? What makes it a _______? What could you do to make it one point better? Table 3. Sample from Instrument
Data is tabulated by each group. All responses are entered into a group spreadsheet. Each school group reviews their data and identifies common themes. These common themes are then looked at across schools, narrowing down to the top 20 similar best educational practices in our community.
Free to feel spaceModernized facilitiesNon-academic activeness Beautification and Sanitation Good learning climateStudy habits Healthy environmentGood accommodation for students Striving Advantages for learningProject FocusedSchool Pride Learning adjustmentsStudy toolsSocio-Emotional Support Effective teaching strategy Cooperative learningSchool Governance (Administration Participation of teachers) Medium of instructionVisual learningLearning at home Manageable class sizeCulture of discipline Child-friendly organization Hands-on learningOpen mindednessAcademic Competitions Study areaWorld of technologyOral Presentations Class interactionModernized way of teaching “Metro-Cozy” Coping StrategiesOrderlinessFlexibility Learning adaptationIndependenceFacility convenience Beneficial reviewersPhysical EnhancementSporty learning Constructive tasksMulti-tasking activities Outdoor learningHomework orientation Table 4. Best Educational Practices in Community Schools
…results EISLocal Small Class sizeDiscipline Modern Facilities and TechnologyCulture of Success through Academic Competitions DifferentiationReligious and Cultural Presence Home-likeCommunity Educational Outreach Exchange of IdeasDedicated Faculty ApproachableFriendly Respect and Tolerance of DifferencesSchool Pride Global Perspective Socio-Emotional SupportProject-Focused FlexibilitySchool Governance (School Administration) Table 5: Top 20 Best Educational Practices According to Public/International Private Schools
…results On the side of the private international school (EIS), it has served the value-added outcomes of: networking with schools in our community exposing students to different venues of education giving feedback on national education through a Franco-German cultural lense. Global solidarity continues to be felt as we continue to discover our common successes.
we got what we wanted! (cooperative educational research study explored best educational practices present in a culturally diverse setting we supported Lombardi et al (2003) by discovering and describing the best educational practices currently being used in all five schools, it is clear that the recognition and continuation of these can go far in supporting the K-12 transition presently facing the Philippines. Focusing on the positives can work! (solution focused questioning)
Selected References: Corcoran, J., & Stephenson, M. (2000). The effectiveness of solution- focused therapy with child behavior problems: A preliminary report. Families in Society, 81(5), 468-475 Cruz, I. (2010, September 30) K +12 Part 1. Philippine Star. Retrieved from http://www.isaganicruz.net/page8.php?post=29) http://www.isaganicruz.net/page8.php?post=29 Lincoln, YS. & Guba, EG. (1985). Naturalistic Inquiry. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications. Lombardi, Judy; David Kretschmer,; Nancy Burstein,. "Moving toward collaborative practices in education."Academic Exchange Quarterly. Rapid Intellect Group, Inc. 2003. Retrieved March 06, 2013 from HighBeam Researchhttp://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-114168086.htmlhttp://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-114168086.html