2 Bailment = transfer of possession without the transfer of ownership Bailor = party who gives up possession of the propertyBailee = party who accepts possession and control
3 Examples: You lend your pen to a friend You get a movie from RedBox Not a sale or a gift, because your friend must return the pen to you. It’s a bailment.You get a movie from RedBox
4 4 Characteristics of Bailments: 1. Subject is personal property2. A transfer of temporary possession3. A transfer of temporary control4. Both parties intend return of the goods
5 1. Personal Property Subject must be personal property Real property can’t be bailed
6 2. Transfer of Temporary Possession Usually property is bailed by the person who has title to it.Property may be bailed by any person in possession (owner’s agent or employee, a finder, or even a thief)
7 2. Transfer of Temporary Possession 2 ways to transfer possession and control of goods:Actual bailments = bailees receive and accept the goods themselves.Example: when you rent a car, get behind the steering wheel and drive off, you receive and accept the car in bailment.Constructive bailments = bailee receives and accepts a symbol of the personal propertyExample: If ask to borrow your neighbor’s truck and receive and accept the keys
8 3. Transfer of Temporary Control Both possession and control of the goods must shift from bailor to bailee for bailment to arise.Example: cars left in parking lots1. Car owner parks the car in a lot but keeps the keys. Owner can later drive the car away without permission of an attendant. Owner gave up possession but not control. No bailment.2. If attendant takes possession of the car and gives the owner a claim check that must be turned in to get the car back, there is a bailment.
9 It is possible for a person to have temporary control of another’s personal property yet not have a bailment. This occurs with custody.Owners do not give complete control, they just authorize someone to watch over the goods, but the owner retains control.
10 4. Goods to Be ReturnedBoth bailor and bailee must intend that the goods be returned.Usually the bailee must return the identical goods, but they can be modified as a result of repairs, processing, or aging.Some goods fungible. Fungible = no difference between one unit of the goods and another.
11 Bailments EndingBailment ends when the time agreed upon by the parties has elapsed, when the agreed purpose has been achieved, or when the parties mutually agree to end it.
12 Bailments Activity Divide into four groups of four people per group. Create a spider map to identify the four characteristics that must be present for bailments to exist.Then brainstorm examples of bailments and create a second drawing to depict the bailment attributes of the example.
13 Most legal problems with bailments arise when something happens to the goods while they are in the possession of the bailee.
14 Levels Of CareExtraordinary care – bailee will be strictly liable for any damage, loss, or injury to the goods.Example: goods bailed at common carriers and hotelsExample: You lend your calculator to a classmate without charge.
15 Levels Of CareOrdinary care – bailee will be liable if negligent in some way.Example: left car at a repair shop and paid $29.99 for an oil change.
16 Levels Of CareMinimal Care – bailee must not ignore, waste, or destroy the bailed property.Example: neighbor’s trash can blows onto your property. For valuable property, the bailee must make a minimal effort to identify the owner.Example: When mail is delivered to the wrong address.Example: Your parents agree to care for a neighbor’s house plants without charge while the neighbor is on vacation.
17 SituationYou borrow your neighbor’s sailboat for the afternoon. While sailing, a strong wind rips the sail.What type of bailment was created?How does that affect your liability for the damage to the boat?