Presentation on theme: "Peace Corps Ad Join Peace Corps. Chapter 20: The New Frontier and the Great Society Objective: To understand the achievements and challenges of the Kennedy."— Presentation transcript:
Peace Corps Ad Join Peace Corps
Chapter 20: The New Frontier and the Great Society Objective: To understand the achievements and challenges of the Kennedy and Johnson administrations
Time covered in this chapter: John F. Kennedy (D): Lyndon B. Johnson (D):
Section 2: The New Frontier Main idea: While Kennedy had trouble getting his ideas for a New Frontier passed, several goals were achieved Why it matters now: Kennedy’s space program continues to generate scientific and engineering advances that benefit Americans
The Promise of Progress John F. Kennedy had a vision for progress he called the New Frontier; this new frontier referred to: – “Uncharted areas of science and space” – “Unconquered pockets of ignorance and prejudice” – “Unanswered questions of poverty and surplus” However, JFK had difficulty getting Congress to vote for his proposals – Majority of Congress was made up of conservative Republicans and Southern Democrats – Kennedy also lacked a popular mandate: a clear indication that the voters approved of his plans
Why did Kennedy have difficulty achieving many of his New Frontier goals? -why couldn’t he get his proposals passed by Congress?
Stimulating the Economy Kennedy addressed the economic recession with deficit spending: government spends more than the revenue it gets – Increase defense spending by 20% – Extend unemployment insurance – Provide assistance to cities with high unemployment – Increase the minimum wage to $1.25/hr
Addressing Poverty Abroad The Peace Corps was created by the Kennedy administration – A program of volunteer assistance to the developing nations of Asia, Africa, and Latin America – By 1968, 35,000 volunteers had served in 60 nations around the world – To show the world that Americans cared; to deter them from turning to the Soviet Union
Addressing Poverty Abroad Another foreign aid program established by the JFK administration was the Alliance for Progress – Offered economic and technical assistance to Latin American countries – U.S. invested $12 billion in Latin America; in part to deter these countries from picking up Fidel Castro’s revolutionary ideas
Why did Kennedy want to invest in foreign aid?
Race to the Moon October 1961: Soviet Yuri A. Gagarin became the first human in space. Kennedy saw this as a challenge and decided that America would surpass the Soviets by sending a man to the moon Kennedy challenged Americans to put a man in the moon in that decade (60s) [This was achieved on July 20, 1969] – Space program was expanded As result of the space program, universities expanded their science programs; new technologies were developed; space and defense related industries sprung up in the Southern and Western states, creating jobs; education was improved, especially in math and science.
NASA inventions you might use everyday Invisible braces: TPA Scratch-resistant lenses Memory foam Michael Phelps’ swimsuit
What effect did the space program have on other areas of American life? -think benefits to Americans besides having a man land on the moon
Addressing Domestic Problems In 1962, 20% of Americans lived in poverty Demonstrators began to rise up against segregation John F. Kennedy responds: – Called for a “national assault on the causes of poverty” – Ordered his brother, who was attorney general, to investigate racial injustices in the South – Proposed a civil rights bill and a tax cut of aver $10 billion By 1963, public opinion polls showed that JFK was losing popularity because of his support of civil rights; still, most American supported their president
What issues did President Kennedy seem to be focusing on before his assassination?
Tragedy in Dallas President Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963 in Dallas, Texas He was shot, Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested for the murder In 1963 the Warren Commission investigated the murder of president Kennedy – Concluded that Oswald had been working alone – A reinvestigation in 1979 concluded that Oswald was part of a conspiracy
Assassination Breaking News Nation Mourns
Why do you think there are so many conspiracy theories about the assassination of President JFK?
LBJ Becomes President JFK’s Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as President abroad the Air Force One hours after Kennedy’s dead