Presentation on theme: "Chapter 20: What Jesus Taught"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 20: What Jesus Taught UNDERSTANDING THE SCRIPTURES
21. How Christ Taught (pp. 364–367) ANTICIPATORY SET Read the Parable of the Treasure Hidden in the Field (cf. Mt 13:44). Discuss its meaning.
31. How Christ Taught (pp. 364–367) BASIC QUESTIONSWhat was Christ’s source of authority?What are parables?What is the meaning of the Parable of the Wise and Foolish Builders?What is the importance of the Kingdom of God in Christ’s teaching?What does it mean to be born again?KEY IDEASUnlike the rabbis, Christ taught on his own authority.Christ taught with parables, which are stories that illustrate principles.The Parable of the Wise and Foolish Builders illustrates the nature of the Church he was establishing on rock.Christ’s central teaching was the Kingdom of God being at hand; the rest of his teachings were about what the Kingdom is like and how to live in it.Baptism is the entry into the Kingdom of God.
41. How Christ Taught (pp. 364–367) FOCUS QUESTIONS What effect did Christ’s teaching have on people? They had strong reactions. Some left everything to follow him, and some others wanted to kill him. How did a typical rabbi teach? A rabbi would have read a passage of Scripture, studied what past rabbis had said about that passage, and then offered his own interpretation. How did Christ teach? He spoke on his own authority. He did not quote other teachers to give his argument weight.
51. How Christ Taught (pp. 364–367) FOCUS QUESTIONS What is a parable? It is a story or example based on a life experience told to illustrate a principle. What is the first layer of meaning in the Parable of the Wise and Foolish Builders? Nothing can harm the man who does what Christ says, but his fall will be great who does not do it. What wise man would Christ’s hearers have likely recalled? King Solomon was the wisest man in Jewish history.
61. How Christ Taught (pp. 364–367) FOCUS QUESTIONS What house did the man in the previous answer build on rock? Solomon built the Temple, the Lord’s house, on the Foundation Stone in Jerusalem. What was the legend about the Foundation Stone? This great rock was the gate of the underworld, the place of the dead (Sheol / Hades). The Temple sealed this gate. Upon what rock did Christ build his Church? He built his Church on Simon Bar‑Jona, whom he renamed Peter (In Greek, Petros, which means rock).
71. How Christ Taught (pp. 364–367) GUIDED EXERCISEA think / pair / share using the following question:What parallel exists between the Temple and the Church in light of the Parable of the Wise and Foolish Builders?
81. How Christ Taught (pp. 364–367) GRAPHIC ORGANIZER Complete the following table to examine the meaning of Christ’s proclamation: “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand: repent, and believe in the gospel” (Mk 1:15).
101. How Christ Taught (pp. 364–367) FOCUS QUESTIONS What was the theme of all of Christ’s teachings? His theme was the Kingdom of God. What was the purpose of the rest of Christ’s teachings? They either showed what the Kingdom of God is like or explained to his hearers how they ought to live in it. How did Christ make his teachings understandable? He used parables, striking paradoxes, and the example of his own life.
111. How Christ Taught (pp. 364–367) FOCUS QUESTIONS What was Nicodemus’s status in Israel? He was a prominent Pharisee. How did Nicodemus address Christ? Nicodemus addressed Christ humbly, as a student would address his teacher, calling him Rabbi. What are the two meanings of anew? It can mean again or from above.
121. How Christ Taught (pp. 364–367) FOCUS QUESTIONS How did Nicodemus initially misunderstand Christ? Nicodemus thought Christ meant one had to be literally born again—out of his mother’s womb—to see the Kingdom of God. What did Christ actually mean? Christ meant Nicodemus had to be born from above, born of water and the Spirit, in other words, baptized. What effect did meeting Christ have on Nicodemus? Nicodemus defended Christ before the authorities of Jerusalem and had the courage to identify himself as a disciple after the Crucifixion.
131. How Christ Taught (pp. 364–367) CLOSURE Write a paragraph explaining the two meanings of the Parable of the Wise and Foolish Builders.
141. How Christ Taught (pp. 364–367) HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTStudy Questions 1–8 (p. 377)Practical Exercises 1–2 (p. 378)Workbook Questions 1–6Read “The Letter of the Law Is not Enough” through “The First Shall Be Last” (pp. 368–371)
151. How Christ Taught (pp. 364–367) ALTERNATIVE ASSESSMENT A class discussion based on Christ’s discussion with Nicodemus about the meaning of born again.
162. What Christ Taught (pp. 368–371) ANTICIPATORY SET After dinner, John’s mother told him to wash the dishes. An hour later John’s mother went into the kitchen and saw a mess: John had washed the dishes, but he had not washed the flatware, glasses, or pots. Discuss how John has obeyed the letter but not the spirit of his mother’s request.
172. What Christ Taught (pp. 368–371) BASIC QUESTIONSWhat is the Spirit of the New Law?How does the New Law reorient the Old Law?KEY IDEASTo be holy, one must obey not just the letter of the Law but the spirit behind it; the Spirit of the New Law is the Holy Spirit, who shows love and mercy to every person without qualification, illustrated by the Parable of the Good Samaritan.The New Law elevates and orients the Old Law toward the Kingdom of God by proclaiming the poor, sorrowful, humble, and persecuted will be first and the rich and proud will be last.
182. What Christ Taught (pp. 368–371) FOCUS QUESTIONS What is the relationship between obeying the spirit of the Law and conversion of heart? Obeying the spirit of the Law means discerning what is in the heart of the Law—what the Law really intends—and conforming an action to its intention. In order to be attentive to the true intention of a law, one needs a new, or converted, heart: one that is humble, forgiving, pure, and prayerful. What two Commandments sum up the Old Law? Love God with your whole heart and your neighbor as yourself (cf. Mt 22:37–39). Why did the lawyer ask, “Who is my neighbor?” (Lk 12:29)? He wanted to know the letter of the Law, i.e., exactly which people he had to love and which people he could ignore or even hate.
192. What Christ Taught (pp. 368–371) FOCUS QUESTIONS In the Parable of the Good Samaritan, why did the priest and the Levite avoid the man who had fallen among robbers? The man looked dead, and touching a dead body would have made them ritually unclean. What was the essence of the Old Law according to Micah? The essence of the Old Law was justice, kindness, and humility before God. What was Christ’s answer to the lawyer’s original question, “Who is my neighbor?” (Lk 12:29)? Since Christ had told him to go and do as the Samaritan had done, the answer clearly included every person in need.
202. What Christ Taught (pp. 368–371) FOCUS QUESTIONS Why did the poor and outcast follow Christ? Christ taught the last would be first and the first would be last. These groups were certainly last. What is paradoxical about the Beatitudes? Christ taught those suffering what people consider misfortunes are actually blessed because of the rewards they will receive. For example, those who are poor in spirit will inherit the Kingdom of God and are thus blessed. How can a person become great in the Kingdom of God? A person can become great by becoming a servant of others in imitation of the Son of Man, who came not to be served but to serve.
212. What Christ Taught (pp. 368–371) GRAPHIC ORGANIZER Complete the following table to understand how Christ fulfilled the Old Law by elevating and orienting it toward the Kingdom of Heaven (cf. CCC 1972, p. 370).
232. What Christ Taught (pp. 368–371) GUIDED EXERCISEA class discussion using the following question:Why can wealth be an obstacle to entry into the Kingdom of God?
242. What Christ Taught (pp. 368–371) CLOSURE Free write for five minutes about the Spirit of the New Law of Love.
252. What Christ Taught (pp. 368–371) HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTStudy Questions 9–12 (p. 377)Practical Exercises 3–4 (p. 378)Workbook Questions 7–10Read “Love Your Enemies” through “Jesus Is the Bread of Life” (pp. 372–375)
262. What Christ Taught (pp. 368–371) ALTERNATIVE ASSESSMENT Read the Beatitudes (Mt 5:3–12) and then write a short parable illustrating one of those teachings. Briefly share results.
273. What Christ Taught (continued) (pp. 372–375) ANTICIPATORY SET Opening Prayer on Christ’s teaching about the love of enemies (cf. Mt 5:38–48).
283. What Christ Taught (continued) (pp. 372–375) BASIC QUESTIONSWhat does the New Law command with respect to enemies and those who offend?What is the relationship between justice and grace in the New Law?How are people to pray in the New Covenant?What is the most important teaching of the New Law?KEY IDEASChrist’s New Law commands love of enemies and unconditional forgiveness of those who offend, which is an imitation of God’s love.God gives grace—even though no one deserves it—because he loves as a Father loves his children; people must go beyond strict justice to practice mercy toward others.People are to pray without ceasing, confident God will hear them; the Lord’s Prayer is the model of prayer.Christ is the Bread of Life; in the Eucharist, the People of God receive the true Body and Blood of Christ.
293. What Christ Taught (continued) (pp. 372–375) FOCUS QUESTIONS What is the hardest of Christ’s teachings to practice? Loving enemies is the hardest teaching to practice. What examples did Christ offer to demonstrate love of enemy? When struck on one cheek, turn the other cheek to be struck also. How did Christ reverse Lamech’s ethic of revenge? Lamech claimed the right to unlimited revenge for the smallest slight; Christ demands unlimited forgiveness.
303. What Christ Taught (continued) (pp. 372–375) GUIDED EXERCISEA think / pair / share to list ways people can show love to their enemies.A class discussion using the following questions:Why should you love your enemies?How can you love your enemies?Does loving enemies have reasonable limits as to what you let them do to you or what you should do for them?
313. What Christ Taught (continued) (pp. 372–375) FOCUS QUESTIONS In the Parable of the Prodigal Son, what did the younger brother do? He took his share of his father’s wealth, went to a Gentile land, and squandered it on wild living. Why did the younger brother return home? He was without money and hungry and reasoned, if he could work as a servant in his father’s house, he would be better off than he was. How did their father respond to the younger son’s return? He was overjoyed, accepted his son back, and prepared a celebration.
323. What Christ Taught (continued) (pp. 372–375) FOCUS QUESTIONS How did the older brother respond to their father’s forgiveness? He resented it. He complained he had been a faithful son yet his father had never given him a feast with his friends. Why is it wrong not to want others to receive God’s blessings? God goes beyond strict justice to give his grace and extend his mercy to all people. Every person is wholly undeserving of divine grace and mercy. What does the Parable of the Prodigal Son reveal about how God loves? God loves every person the way a good father loves his children, even when they do the exact opposite of what they ought.
333. What Christ Taught (continued) (pp. 372–375) GRAPHIC ORGANIZER Complete the following table according to the Catechism, no. 1983, on the New Law.
353. What Christ Taught (continued) (pp. 372–375) FOCUS QUESTIONS Why does God hear and answer people’s prayers? He is merciful without limit. How is the Lord’s Prayer a model for all prayer? In the Lord’s Prayer, a simple, humble prayer, Christ bids his followers to give glory to God, request his will be carried out in all circumstances, and then ask for what they need. Why can everyone be confident God will answer his or her prayer? Even a friend or neighbor will eventually give what is requested when pestered, and God is much more generous than any friend or neighbor.
363. What Christ Taught (continued) (pp. 372–375) GRAPHIC ORGANIZER Complete the following table to paraphrase each petition of the Lord’s Prayer.
383. What Christ Taught (continued) (pp. 372–375) FOCUS QUESTIONS What did Christ teach about the Bread of Life? Jesus said he himself is the Bread of Life. What did Christ tell his followers they must do to have eternal life? They must eat his Body and drink his Blood. What is the reward for having eaten his Body and drunk his Blood? The reward is eternal life, resurrection from the dead, and abiding in Christ.
393. What Christ Taught (continued) (pp. 372–375) FOCUS QUESTIONS How did people respond to Christ’s teaching about the Bread of Life? All but a few rejected him. Though his closest followers believed him, they did not understand what he meant until the Last Supper. What did Christ do at the Last Supper, which was his final Passover meal? He instituted the Eucharist by changing the bread and wine into his Body and Blood. What is the Eucharist? It is the Sacrament in which Christ offers his Body and Blood as true, spiritual food and drink. The bread and wine truly become the Body and Blood of Christ, the Blood of the New Covenant.
403. What Christ Taught (continued) (pp. 372–375) CLOSURE Free write for five minutes about what you consider the most important point in this lesson.
413. What Christ Taught (continued) (pp. 372–375) HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENTStudy Questions 13–17 (p. 377)Workbook Questions 11–36Read Matthew 5: 1—7: 29
423. What Christ Taught (continued) (pp. 372–375) ALTERNATIVE ASSESSMENT Work with a partner to list objections to the doctrine of the Eucharist, and then lead a class discussion to formulate answers to those objections based on Christ’s words.