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Communist Poland – Transition to Democracy Maciej St. Zięba Oct. 20, 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "Communist Poland – Transition to Democracy Maciej St. Zięba Oct. 20, 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 Communist Poland – Transition to Democracy Maciej St. Zięba Oct. 20, 2014

2 Key figures President Lech Wałęsa Pope John Paul II Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski Tadeusz Mazowiecki, the first free Prime Minister ( )

3 Milestones of transition - 1 Oct 16, 1978 – Karol Wojtyła becomes the Pope Jan, 1979 – ‘Winter of the Century’ June 2-10, 1979 – Pope JP II 1st visit to Poland July-Aug – social unrests: Świdnik/Lublin – Gdańsk – Szczecin – Jastrzębia Góra (Silesia) August 31, 1980 – Gdańsk Agreements, creation of the Solidarity Free Independent Trade Unions Dec. 13, 1981 – July 22, 1983 – Martial Law Feb. 6 to Apr. 5, 1989 – Round Table Talks June 4, 1989 – Contract elections

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5 Milestones of transition - 2 Aug. 24, 1989 – Tadeusz Mazowiecki – Prime Minister „Wasz prezydent, nasz premier” Dec. 29, change of the name of the country – Republic of Poland instead of Polish People’s Republic (since July 22, 1952) Dec. 22, 1992 – Lech Wałęsa – the first free elected President Oct. 17, 1992 – ‘The Small Constitution’ Apr. 2, ‘The Constitution of the Republic of Poland’ – the Third Republic May 12, 1999 – Accession to NATO May 1, 2004 – Accession to the EU

6 Key areas of transformation Full independence –liberation from the Comecon and Warsaw Pact –accession to the EU and NATO Political transformation –freedom of conscience and expression –free elections / many parties system –rule of law instead of Marxist „battle of classes” Economic transformation –free market economy and private property Social and mental transformation

7 Present Polish Political Scene

8 Key persons The President, Bronisław Komorowski, since 2010 The Prime Minister, Ewa Kopacz (2014) Jarosław Kaczyński – the leader of the main opposition party, PiS

9 Polish people in the EU Donald Tusk Prime minister of Poland President of the European Union 2014–2018 x Jerzy Buzek Prime minister of Poland President of the European Parliament 2009–2012


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