Presentation on theme: "Define the following term:"— Presentation transcript:
1 Define the following term: Mental healtha general term that refers to the normal functioning of emotional and intellectual abilities.
2 1. Identify seven characteristics of mental health These are characteristics of a person who is mentally healthy:Gets along with othersAdapts to changeCares for self and othersGives and accepts loveDeals with situations that cause stress, disappointment, and frustrationTakes responsibility for decisions, feelings, and actionsControls and fulfills desires and impulses in an appropriate manner
3 Define the following terms: Mental illnessa disease that affects a person’s ability to function at a normal level in the family, home, or community; often produces inappropriate behavior.Situation responsea temporary condition that may be caused by a crisis, temporary changes in the brain, side effects from medications, interactions among medications, or severe change in the environment.
4 2. Identify four causes of mental illness The following may cause or worsen mental illness:Physical factors such asIllnessDisabilityAgingSubstance abuseChemical imbalanceEnvironmental factors such as weak family relationships or traumatic childhood experiencesHeredity or family influenceStress, including coping abilities
5 Define the following term: Fallacya false belief.
6 3. Distinguish between fact and fallacy concerning mental illness REMEMBER:People who are mentally ill cannot control their illness and choose to be well. Mental illness is a disease like any other physical illness.
7 3. Distinguish between fact and fallacy concerning mental illness REMEMBER:Mental retardation and mental illness are not the same thing. One common point, however, is that residents with either condition will need emotional support in addition to care and treatment.
8 4. Explain the connection between mental and physical wellness REMEMBER:Mentally healthy people can reduce stress and prevent some physical diseases. People with mental illness may experience more stress and therefore more illness.
9 4. Explain the connection between mental and physical wellness Think about this question:What do you do to reduce or relieve stress in your life?
10 Transparency 20-1: Good Communication with Mentally Ill Residents Use simple, clear statements and normal tone of voice (not like speaking to children).Communicate respect and concern.Sit or stand at normal distance.Use posture that says you’re listening (body language).Be honest and direct.Avoid arguments.Maintain eye contact.Listen carefully.
11 5. List guidelines for communicating with mentally ill residents Think about this question:Good communication is important with every resident. Why do you think it might take a special effort to maintain good communication with a mentally ill resident?
12 Define the following term: Defense mechanismsunconscious behaviors used to release tension or cope with stress.
13 6. Identify and define common defense mechanisms The following are categories of defense mechanisms:DenialProjectionDisplacementRationalizationRepressionRegression
14 6. Identify and define common defense mechanisms REMEMBER:All people use defense mechanisms at some time, but mentally ill people tend to use them to a greater degree.
15 Define the following term: Anxietyuneasiness or fear, often about a situation or condition.Phobiaan intense form of anxiety.Claustrophobiathe fear of being in a confined space.
16 Define the following term: Panic disordera disorder in which a person is terrified for no apparent reason.Obsessive-compulsive disordera disorder in which a person uses obsessive behavior to cope with anxiety.Post-traumatic stress disorderan anxiety-related disorder brought on by a traumatic experience.
17 Define the following term: Apathylack of interest in activities.Major depressiona serious mental illness which may cause mental, emotional, and physical pain and disability; if untreated, it may result in suicide.
18 Define the following term: Bipolar disorderillness which causes a person to swing from deep depression to extreme activity; also called manic depression.Schizophreniabrain disorder which affects a person’s ability to think and communicate clearly.Paranoid schizophreniaa brain disorder that centers mainly on hallucinations and delusions.
19 7. Describe the symptoms of anxiety, depression, and schizophrenia REMEMBER:Many signs of mental illness are simply extreme behaviors most people experience some of the time. Recognizing this might make it easier to understand mentally ill residents.
23 Define the following term: Psychotherapya method of treating mental illness that involves talking about one’s problems with mental health professionals.
24 8. Explain how mental illness is treated Mental illness can be treated. Common treatments include the following:MedicationPsychotherapyElectroconvulsive (shock) treatment—generally used only when other treatments have not been successfulPsychosurgery, a kind of brain surgery, may improve chronic mental disorders
25 8. Explain how mental illness is treated REMEMBER:Residents with mental illness have the right to participate in the planning of their care just as any other resident.Their private information must also be kept confidential, just as the information of any other resident.
26 9. Explain your role in caring for residents who are mentally ill The NA’s role in caring for residents who are mentally ill includes the following:Observe residents for changes. Document and report.Support the resident and family and friends.Encourage residents to do as much for themselves as possible.
27 10. Identify important observations that should be made and reported Report any of the following:Changes in abilityPositive or negative mood changes (withdrawal)Behavior changesComments about hurting self or others (including jokes)Failure to take medication or medication errorsReal or imagined physical symptomsEvents, situations, or people that upset or excite residents
28 Define the following term: Substance abusethe use of legal or illegal drugs, cigarettes, or alcohol in a way that is harmful to the abuser or to others.
29 Transparency 20-5: Signs of Substance Abuse Changes in personality, moodiness, strange behavior, disruption of routinesIrritabilityChanges in physical appearanceSmell of cigarettes, liquor, or other substancesReduced sense of smellUnexplained changes in vital signsLoss of appetiteInability to function normallyNeed for moneyConfusion/forgetfulnessBlackouts or memory lossFrequent accidentsProblems with family and friends
30 11. List the signs of substance abuse REMEMBER:Illegal drugs are not the only substances that are abused. Even over-the-counter medications can be abused if too many are taken.
31 11. List the signs of substance abuse Think about this question:What substances commonly found in the home could be abused?
32 11. List the signs of substance abuse REMEMBER:Residents who do not have doctors’ orders against drinking alcohol and who live in a facility where alcoholic beverages are allowed may drink alcohol if they wish to do so. NAs should not make judgments or gossip.