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20 Mental Health and Mental Illness Define the following term: Mental health a general term that refers to the normal functioning of emotional and intellectual.

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Presentation on theme: "20 Mental Health and Mental Illness Define the following term: Mental health a general term that refers to the normal functioning of emotional and intellectual."— Presentation transcript:

1 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness Define the following term: Mental health a general term that refers to the normal functioning of emotional and intellectual abilities.

2 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness 1. Identify seven characteristics of mental health These are characteristics of a person who is mentally healthy: Gets along with others Adapts to change Cares for self and others Gives and accepts love Deals with situations that cause stress, disappointment, and frustration Takes responsibility for decisions, feelings, and actions Controls and fulfills desires and impulses in an appropriate manner

3 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness Define the following terms: Mental illness a disease that affects a person’s ability to function at a normal level in the family, home, or community; often produces inappropriate behavior. Situation response a temporary condition that may be caused by a crisis, temporary changes in the brain, side effects from medications, interactions among medications, or severe change in the environment.

4 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness 2. Identify four causes of mental illness The following may cause or worsen mental illness: Physical factors such as Illness Disability Aging Substance abuse Chemical imbalance Environmental factors such as weak family relationships or traumatic childhood experiences Heredity or family influence Stress, including coping abilities

5 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness Define the following term: Fallacy a false belief.

6 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness 3. Distinguish between fact and fallacy concerning mental illness REMEMBER: People who are mentally ill cannot control their illness and choose to be well. Mental illness is a disease like any other physical illness.

7 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness 3. Distinguish between fact and fallacy concerning mental illness REMEMBER: Mental retardation and mental illness are not the same thing. One common point, however, is that residents with either condition will need emotional support in addition to care and treatment.

8 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness 4. Explain the connection between mental and physical wellness REMEMBER: Mentally healthy people can reduce stress and prevent some physical diseases. People with mental illness may experience more stress and therefore more illness.

9 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness 4. Explain the connection between mental and physical wellness Think about this question: What do you do to reduce or relieve stress in your life?

10 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness Transparency 20-1: Good Communication with Mentally Ill Residents Use simple, clear statements and normal tone of voice (not like speaking to children). Communicate respect and concern. Sit or stand at normal distance. Use posture that says you’re listening (body language). Be honest and direct. Avoid arguments. Maintain eye contact. Listen carefully.

11 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness 5. List guidelines for communicating with mentally ill residents Think about this question: Good communication is important with every resident. Why do you think it might take a special effort to maintain good communication with a mentally ill resident?

12 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness Define the following term: Defense mechanisms unconscious behaviors used to release tension or cope with stress.

13 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness 6. Identify and define common defense mechanisms The following are categories of defense mechanisms: Denial Projection Displacement Rationalization Repression Regression

14 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness 6. Identify and define common defense mechanisms REMEMBER: All people use defense mechanisms at some time, but mentally ill people tend to use them to a greater degree.

15 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness Define the following term: Anxiety uneasiness or fear, often about a situation or condition. Phobia an intense form of anxiety. Claustrophobia the fear of being in a confined space.

16 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness Define the following term: Panic disorder a disorder in which a person is terrified for no apparent reason. Obsessive-compulsive disorder a disorder in which a person uses obsessive behavior to cope with anxiety. Post-traumatic stress disorder an anxiety-related disorder brought on by a traumatic experience.

17 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness Define the following term: Apathy lack of interest in activities. Major depression a serious mental illness which may cause mental, emotional, and physical pain and disability; if untreated, it may result in suicide.

18 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness Define the following term: Bipolar disorder illness which causes a person to swing from deep depression to extreme activity; also called manic depression. Schizophrenia brain disorder which affects a person’s ability to think and communicate clearly. Paranoid schizophrenia a brain disorder that centers mainly on hallucinations and delusions.

19 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness 7. Describe the symptoms of anxiety, depression, and schizophrenia REMEMBER: Many signs of mental illness are simply extreme behaviors most people experience some of the time. Recognizing this might make it easier to understand mentally ill residents.

20 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness Transparency 20-2: Mental Diagnosis 1

21 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness Transparency 20-3: Mental Diagnosis 2

22 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness Transparency 20-4: Mental Diagnosis 3

23 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness Define the following term: Psychotherapy a method of treating mental illness that involves talking about one’s problems with mental health professionals.

24 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness 8. Explain how mental illness is treated Mental illness can be treated. Common treatments include the following: Medication Psychotherapy Electroconvulsive (shock) treatment—generally used only when other treatments have not been successful Psychosurgery, a kind of brain surgery, may improve chronic mental disorders

25 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness 8. Explain how mental illness is treated REMEMBER: Residents with mental illness have the right to participate in the planning of their care just as any other resident. Their private information must also be kept confidential, just as the information of any other resident.

26 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness 9. Explain your role in caring for residents who are mentally ill The NA’s role in caring for residents who are mentally ill includes the following: Observe residents for changes. Document and report. Support the resident and family and friends. Encourage residents to do as much for themselves as possible.

27 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness 10. Identify important observations that should be made and reported Report any of the following: Changes in ability Positive or negative mood changes (withdrawal) Behavior changes Comments about hurting self or others (including jokes) Failure to take medication or medication errors Real or imagined physical symptoms Events, situations, or people that upset or excite residents

28 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness Define the following term: Substance abuse the use of legal or illegal drugs, cigarettes, or alcohol in a way that is harmful to the abuser or to others.

29 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness Transparency 20-5: Signs of Substance Abuse Changes in personality, moodiness, strange behavior, disruption of routines Irritability Changes in physical appearance Smell of cigarettes, liquor, or other substances Reduced sense of smell Unexplained changes in vital signs Loss of appetite Inability to function normally Need for money Confusion/forgetfulness Blackouts or memory loss Frequent accidents Problems with family and friends

30 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness 11. List the signs of substance abuse REMEMBER: Illegal drugs are not the only substances that are abused. Even over-the-counter medications can be abused if too many are taken.

31 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness 11. List the signs of substance abuse Think about this question: What substances commonly found in the home could be abused?

32 20 Mental Health and Mental Illness 11. List the signs of substance abuse REMEMBER: Residents who do not have doctors’ orders against drinking alcohol and who live in a facility where alcoholic beverages are allowed may drink alcohol if they wish to do so. NAs should not make judgments or gossip.


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