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Community Colleges: Preparing America’s Workforce in the 21 st Century Presented by: Dr. Jesus “Jess” Carreon Chancellor, Dallas County Community College.

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Presentation on theme: "Community Colleges: Preparing America’s Workforce in the 21 st Century Presented by: Dr. Jesus “Jess” Carreon Chancellor, Dallas County Community College."— Presentation transcript:

1 Community Colleges: Preparing America’s Workforce in the 21 st Century Presented by: Dr. Jesus “Jess” Carreon Chancellor, Dallas County Community College District

2 What’s Changing? Demographics Nature of work Workplace Worker

3 Future Work By 2005, almost half of all workers will be employed in industries that produce or are intensive users of information technology. Source: U.S.Dept. of Labor

4 Future Work (cont.) Baby boomers make up almost half (47%) of the workforce today. Young women are enrolling in college at a higher rate (70%) than young men (64%). Source: U.S.Dept. of Labor

5 Future Work (cont.) Small businesses employ about half of the nation's private sector workforce. Source: U.S.Dept. of Labor

6 Future Work (cont.) With more than 1600 corporate training institutions already established, “Corporate Universities” could surpass traditional universities, in number, by Source: U.S.Dept. of Labor

7 75 Million Baby Boomers! (Born 1946 – 1965)

8 U.S. Population Projections Source: U.S. Census Bureau

9 U.S. Population Projections Source: U.S. Census Bureau

10 Projected U.S. Population - Age Source: U.S. Census Bureau Mean Median

11 Geographic Distribution Persons % live in nine states: California 3.6 million Florida 2.8 million New York 2.4 million Texas 2.1 million Pennsylvania 1.9 million Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, and New Jersey each with over 1 million. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census

12 Geographic Distribution Persons 65+ (cont.) Metropolitan areas 77.5% Suburbs 50.0% Source: U.S. Census Bureau

13 Regional Changes – 2025 Total Population South and West will comprise majority of growth Northeast17.1% Midwest20.7% West26% South36.2% Source: U.S. Census Bureau

14 Projected U.S. Population by Ethnicity Source: U.S. Census Bureau % Change from 2001

15 % Change Ethnic Groups to 2025 Caucasian – Slowest Growing, still largest Hispanic – 2 nd Fastest Growing, Southwest Black – 2 nd Slowest Growing, all regions Asian – Fastest Growing, all regions American Indian – 3 rd fastest growing Source: U.S. Census Bureau

16 The Pipeline Challenge “ America will face a social and economic crisis unless it succeeds in promoting and taking advantage of racial and ethnic diversity.” Business – Higher Education Forum - “Investing in People: Developing All of America’s Talent on Campus and in the Workplace.”

17 Employment Trends = +17% = +15% Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics Growth in Civilian Workforce:

18 Observations Largest shift will be decrease of “prime-age” (25-54) workers in the labor force. Over 60% of workers do not have children at home but care for elderly family members. Shift from defined-benefit to defined- contribution pensions has unknown impact. Various organizational responses to technology impact productivity. Source: The Urban Institute

19 More Observations During expansion, college-educated workers accounted for 90% of growth. Globalization of production has weakened the position of U.S. workers. Although expansion increased job opportunities, many less educated workers have not reentered the job market. Source: The Urban Institute

20 More Observations (cont.) In the next 20 years... The civilian labor force will see a major change in age cohorts. Men 16 and over will continue to decline in numbers and percentage. Minorities and women will continue to increase dramatically in the civilian workforce. Source: U.S. Census Bureau

21 Projected U.S. Workforce Source: U.S. Census Bureau

22 Occupations by Replacement Need Created by Retirees 1998–2008 (in thousands) Total, all employees 22,205 Secretaries …. 519 Truck drivers, heavy … Teachers, elementary school … Janitors and cleaners …… Teachers, secondary school …….378 Registered nurses …… Bookkeepers, accounting and auditing clerks …. 330 Teachers, college and university … Source: Monthly Labor Review

23 Replacements Needed for Retirees (cont.) Administrators, education and related fields … Farmers, except horticultural … Supervisors, construction occupations … Administrators and officials, Real estate sales occupations …… Insurance sales occupations …… Industrial machinery repairers … Maids and housekeeping cleaners … Private household cleaners and servants.....……. 112 Physicians …… Financial managers … Lawyers……………………………………………………….99 Source: Monthly Labor Review

24 Industry Employment Service Sector – Continues to dominate growth adding 20.5 million jobs (+19%). Manufacturing down by 3%. Health, Business, Human Services, Engineering, Management and related services account for 1 of every 2 non-farm jobs. Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

25 Occupational Employment Professional and related occupations will add 7% and 5.1%, respectively. Transportation and material moving occupations are projected to grow 15%. Office admin support will grow more slowly fastest growing occupations are computer related. Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

26 Computer Software Engineer+100% Computer Support Specialist+ 97% Medical Assistants + 57% Soc. & Human Serv. Asst.+ 54% Physician Asst.+ 53% Home Health Aide+ 47% Veterinary Asst.+ 40% Dental Asst.+ 37% Fastest Growing Occupations, 2000–2010 (National) Source: Monthly Labor Review

27 Fastest Growing Occupations, New York (per year) Computer Scientists +7.9% Computer Support Spec. +6.3% Paralegals +5.5% Medical Scientists +4.6% Post-sec. Health Teachers +4.4% Sheet Metal Duct Installers +4.4% Medical Asst. +4.0% Dental Asst. +3.6% Source: NY Dept. of Labor

28 Fastest Growing Occupations, North Carolina (per year) Computer Scientists+8.0% Desktop Publishing Spec.+7.0% Health Practitioners+6.7% Paralegals+6.5% Computer Support Spec.+6.4% Respiratory Therapists+5.8% Cardiology Techs.+5.7% Computer Science Teachers(post-sec.)+5.7% Source: NC Employment Security Commission

29 Fastest Growing Occupations, Georgia (per year) Computer Engineers+12.8 Demonstrators & Models+11.6% Human Service Workers+9.0% Home Health Aides+8.9% Offset Press Operators+7.2% Child Care Workers+6.4% Bakers+5.8% Private Detectives+5.4% Physical Therapists+5.1% Source: NW Georgia Career Depot

30 Fastest Growing Occupations, Kentucky (per year) Computer Scientists+13.9 Physical Therapy Asst. +10% Personal Home Care Aides+9.6% Computer Support Spec.+9.1% Physical Therapists+8.5% Occupational Therapists+8.2% Medical Asst.+7.8% Paralegals+7.2% Source: Kentucky Dept. for Employment Services

31 Fastest Growing Occupations, Indiana ( ) Computer Engineers+100.2% Computer Support Spec.+73.8% Home Health Aides+64.7% Medical Asst.+61.5% Human Services Asst.+56.8% Ship Mates+52.9% Physician Asst.+48.1% Physical Therapy Asst.+46.4% Source: Indiana Career & Postsecondary Advancement Center

32 Fastest Growing Occupations, Missouri ( ) Computer Scientists+82.1% Desktop Publishing Spec.+76.5% Computer Support Spec.+67.8% Paralegals+62.4% Health Practitioners+61.7% Computer Science Teachers+50.0% Rec/Leisure/ Fitness Teachers+47.1% Respiratory Therapists+44.1% Source: Missouri Economic Research & Information Center

33 Fastest Growing Occupations, Texas ( ) Computer & Data Processing+55.5% Management & PR+41.3% Freight/Transportation Arrangement+41.1% Automobile Repair+39/7% Osteopathic Phys. Office Work+38.6% Individual & Family /Services+36.2% Health Office Occupations+35.9% Child Care Services+35.8 Residential Care +32.2% Source: Texas Workforce Commission

34 Fastest Growing Occupations, Montana (per year) Computer Support Spec Fitness Trainer+59.1% Home Care Aides+57% Medical Asst.+52.1% Human Service Asst.+51.3% Amusement & Rec. Attendants+47.0% Hotel, Motel Clerks+46.8% Tour Guides+41.1% Source: Montana Dept. of Labor & Industry

35 Fastest Growing Occupations, Oregon ( ) Computer Support Spec.+ 114% Human Service Asst. + 78% Private Detectives+ 62% Occupational Therapy Aides+ 55% Desktop Publishers+ 52% Physical Therapists+ 48% Physical Therapy Asst.+ 47% Child Care Workers+ 42% Source: OR Labor Market Information System

36 Fastest Growing Occupations, California ( ) Computer Specialists+106.8% Human Service Asst % Medical Asst % Teachers (Spec. Ed, Pre-School, Kindergarten)+ 51.3% Dental Asst., & Hygienists+ 50.0% Medical Records Tech % Speech Pathologists+ 48.3% PR Managers+ 47.7% Source: CA Labor Market Information System

37 Highly Skilled and Unskilled Jobs as a % of the Workforce Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics New Workforce Skills

38 Median Years of Job Tenure Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics Declining Job Tenure 1996 vs 2000

39 The Workplace Individual Rigid Company Focused Non-Responsive Insensitive to Diversity Coordinated Flexible Customer Focused Responsive Sensitive to Diversity Other?_____

40 The 21 st Century Worker Skills Needed: Academic (standard) Technical (standard) Social International/Intercultural new

41 Implications for Workforce Education/Training Labor shortage of skilled workers Higher levels of education will be necessary to secure new, higher-paying jobs – 80% of jobs will require more post-secondary education No easy answer whether supply of qualified workers will meet demand in key industry sectors

42 % of High School Graduates Attending College and projected to 2010 Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics and National Alliance of Business Path to the American Dream

43 Projected Supply and Demand of Workers with some Postsecondary Education Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics Bureau, U.S. Census and National Alliance of Business Education Required

44 Total Undergraduate Enrollment in Postsecondary Education, 1995 and 2015 (in millions) Source: Carnevale, Anthony P. and Richard A. Fry. Crossing the Great Divide. Educational Testing Services, Tidal Wave II

45 Projected Postsecondary Enrollment Distribution by Institution, 1975 to 2015 Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics and National Alliance of Business National Perspective

46 Associate Degree Desired * Does not include all types of training

47 Students’ Readiness for College Among families with incomes greater than $75,000 per year, < 60% of HS graduates were highly qualified for admission to 4-yr colleges. For families under $25,000 per year, 47% were not even minimally qualified. 63% of community college students take at least one remedial course. Source: U.S. Dept. of Education

48 Preparing a 21 st Century Workforce : Everyone’s Involved Providers: K-16 (includes public and private 2 & 4 year colleges) Private vocational schools, consultants Industry, businesses and labor unions Need for continuous education and training as workplace demands change.

49 Fundamental Changes Training for new economy credentials Vendor provided credentials Vendor driven curriculum Rapid changes in job expertise More than 300 discrete certifications Over 2.4 million IT certifications awarded Most training providers outside traditional higher education and on and on…

50 Opportunities for Community Colleges Increasing Demand for skilled workers Shortage of prepared workers Job demand for post-secondary education Productivity based on skills Higher educational attainment Enrollment in post-secondary institutions Decreasing job tenure

51 More Opportunities for Community Colleges Increasing Education level of the workforce Enrollment in community colleges Diversity of community colleges Need for financial assistance Anywhere & Anytime Learning: ( flexible & responsive) Competencies vs. completions Employer relationships Increasing government recognition.

52 Advocacy Issues National Elected policy makers Reauthorization of the Higher Education Act Perkins Workforce Investment Act (WIA) Temporary Aid for Needy Families (TANF) Nursing Education International Education Others?

53 Advocacy Issues (cont.) State Elected policy makers Effect of declining state economies on budgets. Emphasize importance of education and training in state economy. Emphasize the importance of affordable access. Emphasize role of workforce training in national economy. Others?

54 …and More Advocacy Issues Local/Regional Pace of retirements/replacements Small and medium size businesses Urban, suburbs, rural uniqueness

55 What is Our Board’s Game Plan? We understand the facts! We understand the trends!

56 What is Our Board’s Game Plan? Question: How does this Board provide leadership for AACC regarding key educational and workforce training-related issues?

57 Sources of Demographic and Occupational Data AARP - America’s Career InfoNet - stfips= stfips America’s Job Bank - - / / Bureau of Labor Statistics - Hudson Institute -

58 Sources of Demographic and Occupational Data (cont.) Monthly Labor Review - National Alliance of Business - National Center for Education Statistics - National Governors Association - National Institute on Aging -

59 Sources of Demographic and Occupational Data (cont.) State Employment Departments, Departments of Labor, & Labor Market Information Systems Urban Institute - U.S. Administration on Aging - U.S. Census Bureau - U.S. Department of Labor -

60 Thank You! Dr. Jesus “Jess” Carreon Chancellor, Dallas County Community College District

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