4NepalLocated between longitude 80o4' & 88o12' and between latitude 26o22' & 30o27'. Nepal borders with the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China in the North and India in the East, South and West respectively. Nepal is land locked country.Nepal has been a member of SAARC(South Asian Association for regional Cooperation) since 1993.Official name: Nepal.Population: million, around 3.5 millions in Kathmandu.Capital: Kathmandu.Area: 1,47,181 sq. km.Religion: 90 % HinduGovernment type: DemocraticDemocracy day: Falgun 7 (Feb)Official Language: Nepali
9ECONOMYNepal is among the lowest in Per-Capita GDP terms and least developed countries with almost one-third of its general population living under the poverty line.Nepal has considerable scope for exploiting its potential in hydropower and tourism.Natural Resources: quartz, timber, hydropower, tourism beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, ironCurrency: Neplese Rupees 1USD = NRSGDP Growth (Constant Prices, National Currency) %GDP (Current Prices, US Dollars) US$ BillionGDP Deflator (Index, Base Year as per country's accounts = 100)GDP Per Capita (Current Prices, US Dollars) US$
10Contd… GDP (PPP), US Dollars US$ 33.643 Billion GDP Share of World Total (PPP) %DP Per Capita (PPP), US Dollars US$ 1,205.27Implied PPP Conversion RateInflation, Average Consumer Prices (Indexed to Year 2000) (Index, Base Year 2000 = 100)Inflation (Average Consumer Price Change %) %Inflation, End of Year (Indexed to Year 2000) (Index, Base Year 2000 = 100)Inflation (End of Year Change %Current Account Balance (US Dollars) US$ BillionCurrent Account Balance (% GDP) %
13Data Internet Services Dialup (PSTN+ISDN)Wireless, Optical FiberCable InternetADSLGPRSCDMA 1XTotal
14Rural PCO 1,989No. of Unserved Village Development Committee (VDC)No. of Served Village Development Committee (VDC) 3,680
152011 ICT STATUS Millions of dollars were invested in Telecomm. 40% of households have telephony service, fixed and/or mobile service.5 % of households have Internet service. Standard speed is 128 Kbps, cost it from USD 10 to 15 monthly.8 % of households have at least one computer.There are 235 VDC, still there are not telecom services.*/ Figures in nominal US dollars.
16BROADCASTING AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICIES IN NEPAL
17Nepal Telecommunication Authority is responsible for making policies for telecommunication. Ministry of Information and Communication is acting as the Broadcasting authority.Digital switchover date has been proposed for in Nepal.Some of the policies implemented by NTA are-Universal Access to the Telecommunication Service
18Universal Service Obligation Development of Corporate ServiceLiberalization of the Telecommunication SectorOpen Licensing Regime to be AppliedPrivate Sector's Participation to Be EncouragedTo enter into Information Society
19Appropriate Information and Communication Technology for the Users of Rural areasPersons Who Have Engaged in the Development Activities Shall Be Caused to Use Information and Communication Technology FullyCommercialization of the Nepal Telecommunication Corporation
20Institutional Development of Implementation of Policy Economic Efficiency of the Telecommunication Sector
22It has been proposed to adopt DVB-T for digital terrestrial transmission, DVB-C for digital cable and DVB-S for satellite transmission.
23Cable TV There is around 400 cable TV provider in the country. Major Cable TV provider of the country has already started digital cable as a test transmission.Their target is to switchover completely within 2 years23
24RadioThere is around 200 FM Radio stations and only national AM radio in the country.Radio Nepal has regional radio transmission throughout the country.Radio has been proposed to switchover to DAB and they are working on it.24
25TelevisionsThere are around 15 satellite channels,2 regional terrestrial channels in the country.National television channel, Nepal Television has terrestrial transmission through VHF band covering 72% of the people and 50% of the land, Second channel of Nepal television (NTV Plus) is also expanding its terrestrial coverage.Some Private channels also has terrestrial transmission through UHF band but they are limited to certain region25
27ITU is assisting Nepal for switchover from analog to digital terrestrial transmission. Experts team from ITU is visiting Nepal in near futureIt has been proposed to start digital terrestrial transmission from phulchowki by the end of 2011as a test transmission.This will cover Kathmandu valley and surroundings which will be around 20% of the population.
28It has been planned to switchover all analog transmission in the phased manner by the end of December 2015
29Television Channels in Nepal are going to change analog workflow to digital tapeless workflow in the phased manner.Private channels of the country has already started semi tapeless workflow environmentNepal Television has planned to acquire complete tapeless workflow within 3 yearsNepal television will implement ingest system, storage system and playout system by the end of this year 2011.
30Media Asset Management, digital achieves, Automation, Server based editing system will be implemented next year 2012.NRCS and complete tapeless workflow will be implemented by the end of 2013, Camcorders will be updated to storage card based recording system.
32RELATED USEFUL WEBSITES Ministry of Information CommunicationsNational Information technology Center:High Level Committee for information technologyhlcit.gov.npNepal Telecommunication Authrity:Broadcasting and Telecommunication Companies: