Presentation on theme: "Change Since 1960 Unit 8, SSWH 20 a, c, d. 20 a. Identify ethnic conflicts and new nationalisms; include pan-Africanism, pan- Arabism, and the conflicts."— Presentation transcript:
20 a. Identify ethnic conflicts and new nationalisms; include pan-Africanism, pan- Arabism, and the conflicts in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Rwanda. c. Analyze terrorism as a form of warfare in the 20th century; include Shining Path, Red Brigade, Hamas, and Al Qaeda; and analyze the impact of terrorism on daily life; include travel, world energy supplies, and financial markets. d. Examine the rise of women as major world leaders; include Golda Meir, Indira Gandhi, and Margaret Thatcher.
Pan-Africanism 1920s movement for nationalism, emphasized the unity of Africans & descendents Marcus Garvey, leader, demanded end to colonial rule Movement met resistance p.859 - 60
Pan-Arabism Arab nationalism grew after WWII, developed from Arabian Peninsula to North Africa Recalled the Golden Age of Arab Civilization Felt betrayed after Arabs didn’t gain independence after WWI 1920s-30s Arabs angry over Western imperialism p. 862
Bosnia-Herzegovina 1992: Civil war among Bosniaks, Serbs & Croats Bosnian Serbs ethnic cleansing (killing people from other ethnic groups/removal) 1000s brutalized/killed NATO air strikes forced warring group to peace, Dayton Accords signed – ended war 1995p. 1046, 1097
Rwanda 1994: genocide, Hutus vs. Tutsis (800,000 killed) Leaders die suspiciously, Hutu officials urged to turn on Tutsis World reacts slowly to genocide, by July Tutsi exile Hutus & set up governmentp. 1051
Terrorism Use of violence by groups of extremists to achieve political goals (bombed buildings, assassinations, etc.) 1990s: Increased terrorism has led to greater international cooperation between world governments to prevent further attacks
Shining Path South American terrorist group in Peru who used kidnappings, murder, & bombings to overthrow national governments (sold drug for $) p. 1116 Red Brigade 1950s-60s, communist group in Italy used violence in an attempt to gain power
Hamas Rebel group: wanted to estab. Palestinian State & the destruction of Israel, practiced terror to achieve goals (suicide bombers used to attack Israeli targets)p. 1117
Al Qaeda “the Base” Founder: Osama Bin Laden Islamic terrorists, overthrow “un-Islamic” gov. & expell non-Muslims from Muslim countries 1990s – 2000s: Numerous attacks on American involvement throughout worldp. 1117
Response to Terrorism U.S. has made national security top priority Reorganized intelligence services & new counter terrorism laws Rigorous security in air ports & public buildings Measures to cut off terrorists’ $ money supply & limiting their activities Some people believed the fed. Gov. is using the threat of terrorism to increase its power & violate the constitutional rights & freedoms of its citizens
Golda Meir 1898-1978 Israeli’s 1 st woman prime minister, former ambassador to Soviet Union 1973: launched a counter-attack against the Arab- Israeli conflict & regained most of the last territory lost in ’67p. 1055
Margaret Thatcher 1979 British Conservative Party leader Denounced the welfare state as costly & inefficient Reduced social welfare programs & returned gov owned industries to private controlp. 982
Burning Question Write down one question you have about today’s lesson. You have one minute. Be prepared to share.