3 Islam: Basic Definition Islam is submissionto God through peace
4 Islam: Basic Definition Anyone who submits to the will of God can be considered a Muslim.Muslims do not see their faith as different from the original message of Moses and Jesus (Prayers and peace be upon them)May be little differences in rituals but beliefs are essentially the same.
5 Basics of Islam Beliefs Pillars: God Angels Books Prophets Day of JudgmentPillars:Declaration of faith (Shahada)Prayer (Salat)Fasting the month of Ramadan (Sawm)Charity (Zakat)Pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj)
7 Belief in GodBelief in one God who created the universe and who is involved in running it.The name of God in Arabic is “Allah”The Arabic word Allah does not not have a pluralArab Christians also call God “Allah”God has 99 names (attributes)The MercifulThe BenevolentThe JustThe Loving
8 Belief in the Angels As Christians and Jews, Muslims believe in Angels They are created from lightThey always obey GodGabriel is the greatest Angels for Muslims, and his job is to convey the message of God to his prophets
9 The Belief in Books The holy book of Muslims is the Quran Muslims also believe that all the books revealed to other prophets were the true word of God, included:Suhuf revealed to AbrahamPsalms revealed to DavidTorah revealed to MosesInjil (Gospel) revealed to JesusMuslims believe that these books are either missing or have been changed
10 Belief in the ProphetsMuslims believe in all the prophets of God, including: Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and MohammadAll prophet are highly respected in IslamAfter saying any prophet’s name we always say “peace be upon him” as a sign of respectProphets in Islam are righteous people who receive revelation from God, and are ordered to convey the message to their people
11 Belief in the Day of Judgment Like Christians and Jews, Muslims believe in life after death.Basically in the day of judgment people will stand in front of God Who will review their actions in this life.Based on their beliefs and the quality of their deeds people will be sent to heaven or hell.
17 Fasting RamadanThe month of Ramadan is ninth month of the Muslims lunar calendar.For 29 or 30 days, Muslims abstain from food and drink from sunrise to sunset.Muslims fast to:To experience what poor people experience everydayBecome more spiritualGet closer to God
19 Giving Zakat Giving charity is an obligation upon all Muslims Islam distinguishes between mandatory charity (zakat) and voluntary charity.Rate is for zakat is 2.5% of savings (A quarter for every $10)Objective is to help needy and eliminate poverty.Zakat can be given to non Muslims
21 Pilgrimage (Hajj)Mecca is the first house of God built by Adam and Eve.It was rebuilt by our father Abraham and his son Ishmael.Muslims must visit Mecca at least once in their lifetime.Pilgrimage for Muslims is about equality in front of God.
26 FactsIslam started in Arabia in 610 CE when Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) received the first revelation.Even if Islam started in Arabia, Arabs only represent 20 to 25% of all Muslims.Today Islam counts 1.5 billion followers in all the countries of the World:5 million in France2-8 million in the US
31 History of IslamMuslim civilization contributed in many ways to the world as we know it today:Sciences: Chemistry, Algebra.Medicine: Hospitals, Anesthesia, blood circulation system.Philosophy: Translated the work of Greek philosophers.Cities of Baghdad, Granada, Damascus were the main destination for people seeking knowledgeArabic was the language of scientific research.
36 First Modern Library Founded between 754 and 775 Translated work published in from different language into Arabic in the fields ofAstrology,MathematicsAgricultureMedicinePhilosophyCredited with the founding of the first paper millDeveloped with other libraries the principle of library catalog
37 First University in the Word Theology, Political sciences and natural science (astronomy, biology, chemistry etc)Al Qarawiyyin University in Fez, MoroccoFounded in 859 by a wealthy women Fatima Al Fihria.The university is considered as the oldest university in the world by the Guinness book of records.
39 Women in IslamMuslims believe that men and women are equal in the sight of God.Rights:EducationPropertyInheritanceKeep their family nameVoteMuslim women wear hijab as a sign of modesty.Women cannot be forced in marriage.