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An Introduction to Islam

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1 An Introduction to Islam

2 What do you know about Islam?

3 Islam: Basic Definition
Islam is submission to God through peace

4 Islam: Basic Definition
Anyone who submits to the will of God can be considered a Muslim. Muslims do not see their faith as different from the original message of Moses and Jesus (Prayers and peace be upon them) May be little differences in rituals but beliefs are essentially the same.

5 Basics of Islam Beliefs Pillars: God Angels Books Prophets
Day of Judgment Pillars: Declaration of faith (Shahada) Prayer (Salat) Fasting the month of Ramadan (Sawm) Charity (Zakat) Pilgrimage to Mecca (Hajj)

6 Beliefs in Islam

7 Belief in God Belief in one God who created the universe and who is involved in running it. The name of God in Arabic is “Allah” The Arabic word Allah does not not have a plural Arab Christians also call God “Allah” God has 99 names (attributes) The Merciful The Benevolent The Just The Loving

8 Belief in the Angels As Christians and Jews, Muslims believe in Angels
They are created from light They always obey God Gabriel is the greatest Angels for Muslims, and his job is to convey the message of God to his prophets

9 The Belief in Books The holy book of Muslims is the Quran
Muslims also believe that all the books revealed to other prophets were the true word of God, included: Suhuf revealed to Abraham Psalms revealed to David Torah revealed to Moses Injil (Gospel) revealed to Jesus Muslims believe that these books are either missing or have been changed

10 Belief in the Prophets Muslims believe in all the prophets of God, including: Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Mohammad All prophet are highly respected in Islam After saying any prophet’s name we always say “peace be upon him” as a sign of respect Prophets in Islam are righteous people who receive revelation from God, and are ordered to convey the message to their people

11 Belief in the Day of Judgment
Like Christians and Jews, Muslims believe in life after death. Basically in the day of judgment people will stand in front of God Who will review their actions in this life. Based on their beliefs and the quality of their deeds people will be sent to heaven or hell.

12 Pillars Islam

13 Testimony of Faith I bear witness that there is no god worthy of worship expect God (Allah) and I bear witness that Mohammad (saws) is his prophet and messenger.

14 Shahada

15 Prayer Muslims pray at least five times a day Before sunrise (Fajr)
Zenith (Duhr) Between zenith and sunset (Asr) Sunset (Maghrib) Night (Ishaa)

16 Prayer Bowing (Ruku) Prostration (Sujud)

17 Fasting Ramadan The month of Ramadan is ninth month of the Muslims lunar calendar. For 29 or 30 days, Muslims abstain from food and drink from sunrise to sunset. Muslims fast to: To experience what poor people experience everyday Become more spiritual Get closer to God

18 Ramadan

19 Giving Zakat Giving charity is an obligation upon all Muslims
Islam distinguishes between mandatory charity (zakat) and voluntary charity. Rate is for zakat is 2.5% of savings (A quarter for every $10) Objective is to help needy and eliminate poverty. Zakat can be given to non Muslims

20 Zakat

21 Pilgrimage (Hajj) Mecca is the first house of God built by Adam and Eve. It was rebuilt by our father Abraham and his son Ishmael. Muslims must visit Mecca at least once in their lifetime. Pilgrimage for Muslims is about equality in front of God.

22 Kaaba

23 Pilgrimage (Hajj)

24 Pilgrimage (Hajj)

25 History of Islam

26 Facts Islam started in Arabia in 610 CE when Prophet Mohammad (SAWS) received the first revelation. Even if Islam started in Arabia, Arabs only represent 20 to 25% of all Muslims. Today Islam counts 1.5 billion followers in all the countries of the World: 5 million in France 2-8 million in the US

27 Islam in the World

28 Islam in Asia Jakarta

29 Islam in the Middle East

30 Islam in the West

31 History of Islam Muslim civilization contributed in many ways to the world as we know it today: Sciences: Chemistry, Algebra. Medicine: Hospitals, Anesthesia, blood circulation system. Philosophy: Translated the work of Greek philosophers. Cities of Baghdad, Granada, Damascus were the main destination for people seeking knowledge Arabic was the language of scientific research.

32 Al-Andalus-Granada

33 Al-Andalus-Granada

34 Al-Andalus-Granada

35 Al-Andalus-Granada

36 First Modern Library Founded between 754 and 775
Translated work published in from different language into Arabic in the fields of Astrology, Mathematics Agriculture Medicine Philosophy Credited with the founding of the first paper mill Developed with other libraries the principle of library catalog

37 First University in the Word
Theology, Political sciences and natural science (astronomy, biology, chemistry etc) Al Qarawiyyin University in Fez, Morocco Founded in 859 by a wealthy women Fatima Al Fihria. The university is considered as the oldest university in the world by the Guinness book of records.

38 Women in Islam

39 Women in Islam Muslims believe that men and women are equal in the sight of God. Rights: Education Property Inheritance Keep their family name Vote Muslim women wear hijab as a sign of modesty. Women cannot be forced in marriage.

40 Women in Islam

41 Women in Islam

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