Presentation on theme: "An Age of Uncertainty Hee-Jeong Lyu &Stacy Moon. After the World War I, people started to challenge the ideas from the Enlightment. People started to."— Presentation transcript:
An Age of Uncertainty Hee-Jeong Lyu &Stacy Moon
After the World War I, people started to challenge the ideas from the Enlightment. People started to challenge science, literature, art, music, communication, and transportation. Intro to age of uncertainty
Science challenges old ideas Albert Einstein New ideas on space, energy, time, and matter Asked questions about old beliefs; age of Enlightment; Newton, the laws of motion +gravity THEORY OF RELATIVITY: space and time are relative concepts rather than absolute concepts Contradicting to Newtons idea. People are confused and uncertain; Newtons idea = comforting belief
Sigmund Freud Theory about the human mind Believed human behavior is irrational, or beyond reason He called the irrational part of the mind unconscious. Unconscious: lacking awareness Conscious: Having awareness of ones existence and thoughts.
Literature in an Age of Doubt World War I; philosophers& writers questioned ideas that were previously accepted by the society during the age of Enlightment Expressed anxieties through writing and art; visualizing the future
Uncertain World turns into Theory EXISTENTIALISM: emphasize uniqueness of individual experience indifferent universe. Human existence is unexplainable. Freedom for responsibility and choice stress consequences; people make their own decisions. Started by Jean Paul Sartre, Karl Jaspers Existentialists: no universal meaning to life. Friedrich Nietzsche: Have fate in yourself. Do what you think is right for you.
Franz Kafka, James Joyce, many other writers included Freuds theories on the unconscious. Stream of Consciousness: technique that presents the thoughts and feelings of a character as they occur. (dic.tion.ar.ies)
Rebellion in the Arts Renaissance and previous generations changed art, architecture, and music, but after the war art developed into a new Era.
Painters Break Away from Tradition Artists went against earlier traditional paintings Wanted to reflect the inner world of emotion and imagination; didnt wanted to show realistic objects Paul Klee& Wassily Kandinsky used bold colors, distorted shapes and forms Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque found Cubism: 1907 Cubism: Inspired by African art, emphasizing flat, 2D, fragmented surface, foreshortening, modeling, and changing shapes into geometric form
The Dada Movement ( ) Protest in art movement. Disrespected traditional art and cultural values by producing works that were nonsense. Dada in French is hobbyhorse. – it was picked randomly. Dadaists art works were nonsense, absurd, and meaningless.
Surrealism: art movement after Dada. It was based from Freud's idea, it attempted to express the world of dreams, fantasy with real life. It used fantastic imagery and inappropriate figures. Surreal means beyond or above reality. Artists tried to call the unconscious part of their minds. Drew objects in unrealistic ways
Architects Move in New Directions Architects refused to accept traditional building starts after the World War I. They started to find new ways to construct and design buildings, Highly decorated structures X Design reflects buildings function& use O Frank Lloyd Wright: FUNCIONALISM: design reflects buildings function& use Clean, low lines, open interiors that blend with surface
Composers Try New Styles Composers shifted away from traditional music Igor Stravinsky used irregular rhythms and harsh combinations (audience booed and walked out from the performance) Arnold Schoenberg created 12-tone scale From the U.S. New Orleans, Memphis, Chicago; developed mostly by African Americans The lively loose beat of jazz seemed to capture the new freedom of the age.(p.417) Jazz
Society becomes more open After the war people wanted more pleasure. All people had their own independent freedom. Women were not longer discriminated. Women could have careers now. They could wear more abandoned clothing, change their hair style, and wear make-up and many other things.
Technology changes Life After World War l, the pace of new inventions quickened. During the War, scientists had to invent new medicines to help millions of people who fought in the war. During the war they also needed better transportation and communication. This was also needed after the war. Example: Automobile. Air filled tires, powerful engine, polished, sleek
This changed the lifestyle of many people. People traveled more for enjoyment. Because people traveled more often, motor hotels changed to vacation campgrounds. Airplane. After the war, airplanes improved fast. People could perform aerial acrobatics. Charles Lindbergh made a flight from New York to Paris in 33 hours. People also could travel on airplanes. Radio. Radios developed during the war. Soldiers needed to communicate with their side. The wireless communication was so great that they used it after the war too. Soon radio stations developed, that broadcasted sports, news, and plays. Many countries, especially the Europeans eagerly listened to radio broadcasts and in a little while most of the owned a radio.
Movies: Before World War l, motion pictures were created. After the war motion pictures got more broadly known. In Europe, the themes of most movies were political or psychological. Hollywood was a place where 90% of all films were produced. At this time the most popular silent movie star was Charlie Chaplin. The advances of transportation and communication brought the world into a closer touch.