Presentation on theme: "Do-Now Please take a few moments to use each of the following terms in a sentence which demonstrates its meaning: Manchurian Incident Puppet State Greater."— Presentation transcript:
Do-Now Please take a few moments to use each of the following terms in a sentence which demonstrates its meaning: Manchurian Incident Puppet State Greater East Asia Co- Prosperity Sphere Monday, March 23 rd Agenda Do now Notes on japan builds an empire Homework Test revisions due Chapter 23 packet due
The Road to World War II Japan Builds an empire
Growing Military Power WWI Japan joins the allies Minor role in WWI Conquered German Pacific posessions Improved economy
After WWI Japan uses 2-party parliamentary government Greatly increases # of Japanese who can vote Steps toward international peace Slowed territorial expansion Helped found the League of Nations Signed the 1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact to condemn war, promote diplomacy
Democracy in Crisis Recessions rocked Japanese economy in 1920s Conditions grew worse in 1930 with the G.D. Japans economy was reliant on international trade High tariffs elsewhere severely damaged J. econ.
Democracy in Crisis (continued) Industrial decline strikes, layoffs, political discontent Many Japanese blamed the democratic system of government Believed govt reacted too slowly, did too little Also evidence of corruption in Japanese govt
Rise of Nationalism Japanese Military V. Government Dissatisfied with limits on the Japanese Navy & Army Angry at prevention of Japanese challenge at Manchuria Radical Nationalist groups rise in rebellion Perceive govt weaknesses Demand a return to tradition, end to multi-party system Demand an end to Western ways & powerful business in Japan Radicals assassinate business and political leaders
Japanese troops entering Manchuria in the wake of the so-called Mukden Incident during the Sino-Japanese War. After a bomb of unknown origin damaged the Japanese railway near Shenyang (Mukden), the Japanese Kwantung army guarding the railway used the incident as a pretext to occupy south Manchuria and eventually to set up a puppet government.
The Manchurian Incident 1900s population Explosion in Japan 1930 neared 65million Growing by ~1million per year Japan lacked resources to support its population Land/space for growth and agriculture Markets and raw materials to power the economy
The Manchurian Incident Manchuria appears a solution Iron ore and coal stores Vast undeveloped land Japanese Army stationed there Army takes action without govt approval Capture cities in Southern Manchuria Chinese Army retreats by sea Japanese civilian govt shocked and powerless to stop its army
Puppet State of Manchukuo Manchuria is declared the independent state of Manchukuo Installs a new leader with Japanese advisors Japan sends over 1 million farmers, businessmen, soldiers in hopes of securing the new colony International reaction GB & U.S. protest violation of Kellogg-Briand Pact do not act, empty threats League of Nations orders Japan to end its occupation Japan withdraws from the league
An end to Japans Multi-party Government 1932 naval officers assassinate the prime minister 1936 more high govt officials killed Parliamentary system in danger Civilian governors fear for their lives Military gains influence, unchecked in power
War against China 1937 scuffle in Beijing turns into full-scale war Japanese fire power overtakes Chinese manpower Japanese occupy Beijing and Tiajinin Threaten northern China Rape of Nanjing Japanese soldiers brutalize or kill more than 100,000 mainly civilians, including women & children
Nationalist Soldiers marching during the second Sino-Japanese War
Roosevelts Response The epidemic of lawlessness is spreading Condemns Japans actions calls for a quarantine to protect peaceful nations Congress passes a series of Neutrality Acts Prevent US involvement abroad
International Response Soviet Union also condemns Japan Sends arms, military advisors, war planes to China Britain sends supplies in to back China Transported over Burma Road Chinas reaction Former enemy leaders of China unite to fight Japan
Japans expansion plan Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere Needed natural resources like oil and rubber to carry on war with China Announced wish to claim all lands from Manchuria south along the coast to the Dutch East Indies In expansion, Japan resembles Germany Overtaking resources from surrounding lands to fuel Nationalism
Japanese– German– Italian Alliance September 1940 Tripartite Pact Japan moves troops to Northern French Indochina With the reluctant permission of Vichy France
Japan as a World Threat Signs non-aggression pact with Soviets Poised to overtake Dutch East Indies Netherlands had fallen to Germany before
Writing What does Japans rise to power indicate about how economic conditions affect foreign policy? Use examples.