Presentation on theme: "Agenda Monday, March 23rd Do-Now Homework Do now"— Presentation transcript:
1Agenda Monday, March 23rd Do-Now Homework Do now Please take a few moments to use each of the following terms in a sentence which demonstrates its meaning:Manchurian IncidentPuppet StateGreater East Asia Co-Prosperity SphereAgendaDo nowNotes on japan builds an empireHomeworkTest revisions dueChapter 23 packet due
224.3 - Japan Builds an empire The Road to World War IIJapan Builds an empire
3Growing Military Power WWIJapan joins the alliesMinor role in WWIConquered German Pacific posessionsImproved economy
4After WWI Japan uses 2-party parliamentary government Greatly increases # of Japanese who can voteSteps toward international peaceSlowed territorial expansionHelped found the League of NationsSigned the 1928 Kellogg-Briand Pact to condemn war, promote diplomacy
5Democracy in Crisis Recessions rocked Japanese economy in 1920’s Conditions grew worse in 1930 with the G.D.Japan’s economy was reliant on international tradeHigh tariffs elsewhere severely damaged J. econ.
6Democracy in Crisis (continued) Industrial decline strikes, layoffs, political discontentMany Japanese blamed the democratic system of governmentBelieved gov’t reacted too slowly, did too littleAlso evidence of corruption in Japanese gov’t
7Rise of Nationalism Japanese Military V. Government Dissatisfied with limits on the Japanese Navy & ArmyAngry at prevention of Japanese challenge at ManchuriaRadical Nationalist groups rise in rebellionPerceive gov’t weaknessesDemand a return to tradition, end to multi-party systemDemand an end to Western ways & powerful business in JapanRadicals assassinate business and political leaders
8Japanese troops entering Manchuria in the wake of the so-called Mukden Incident during the Sino-Japanese War. After a bomb of unknown origin damaged the Japanese railway near Shenyang (Mukden), the Japanese Kwantung army guarding the railway used the incident as a pretext to occupy south Manchuria and eventually to set up a puppet government.
9The Manchurian Incident 1900’s population Explosion in Japan1930 neared 65millionGrowing by ~1million per yearJapan lacked resources to support its populationLand/space for growth and agricultureMarkets and raw materials to power the economy
10The Manchurian Incident Manchuria appears a solutionIron ore and coal storesVast undeveloped landJapanese Army stationed thereArmy takes action without gov’t approvalCapture cities in Southern ManchuriaChinese Army retreats by seaJapanese civilian gov’t shocked and powerless to stop its army
11Puppet State of Manchukuo Manchuria is declared the independent state of ManchukuoInstalls a new leader with Japanese advisorsJapan sends over 1 million farmers, businessmen, soldiers in hopes of securing the new colonyInternational reactionGB & U.S. protest violation of Kellogg-Briand Pactdo not act, empty threatsLeague of Nations orders Japan to end its occupationJapan withdraws from the league
12An end to Japan’s Multi-party Government 1932 naval officers assassinate the prime minister1936 more high gov’t officials killedParliamentary system in dangerCivilian governors fear for their livesMilitary gains influence, unchecked in power
13War against China 1937 scuffle in Beijing turns into full-scale war Japanese fire power overtakes Chinese manpowerJapanese occupy Beijing and TiajininThreaten northern ChinaRape of NanjingJapanese soldiers brutalize or kill more than 100,000mainly civilians, including women & children
15Nationalist Soldiers marching during the second Sino-Japanese War
16Roosevelt’s Response “The epidemic of lawlessness is spreading” Condemns Japan’s actionscalls for a quarantine to protect peaceful nationsCongress passes a series of Neutrality ActsPrevent US involvement abroad
17International Response Soviet Union also condemns JapanSends arms, military advisors, war planes to ChinaBritain sends supplies in to back ChinaTransported over Burma RoadChina’s reactionFormer enemy leaders of China unite to fight Japan
18Japan’s expansion plan Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity SphereNeeded natural resources like oil and rubber to carry on war with ChinaAnnounced wish to claim all lands from Manchuria south along the coast to the Dutch East IndiesIn expansion, Japan resembles GermanyOvertaking resources from surrounding lands to fuel Nationalism
19Japanese– German– Italian Alliance September 1940 Tripartite PactJapan moves troops to Northern French IndochinaWith the reluctant permission of Vichy France
20Japan as a World Threat Signs non-aggression pact with Soviets Poised to overtake Dutch East IndiesNetherlands had fallen to Germany before
21WritingWhat does Japan’s rise to power indicate about how economic conditions affect foreign policy? Use examples.