Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

SLA --- AN Introductory Course Prof. Wen Weiping College of Foreign Languages SLA --- AN Introductory Course Prof. Wen Weiping College of Foreign Languages.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "SLA --- AN Introductory Course Prof. Wen Weiping College of Foreign Languages SLA --- AN Introductory Course Prof. Wen Weiping College of Foreign Languages."— Presentation transcript:

1 SLA --- AN Introductory Course Prof. Wen Weiping College of Foreign Languages SLA --- AN Introductory Course Prof. Wen Weiping College of Foreign Languages

2 Lecture 1 Overview 1. General definitions of language 2. Trends in linguistics and psychology 3. The study of SLA 4. Issues in SLA: Multiple perspectives

3 1. General definitions of language 1. General definitions of language Language is systematic and generative Language is a set of arbitrary symbols Language is used for communication Language operates in a speech community or culture Language is essentially human, although possibly not limited to humans Language is acquired by all people in much the same way--- universal characteristics

4 2. Trends in linguistics and psychology 2. Trends in linguistics and psychology Linguistics Psychology the structural school behavioristic mode of thinking ( 40s & 50s ) ( 40s & 50s ) generative school cognitive psychology ( 60s ~ present ) ( recent decades)

5 The structural or descriptive school of linguistics advocates: L. Bloomfield; E. Sapir; C. Fries application of scientific principle of observation of human languages describe human languages identify the structural characteristics

6 The generative- transformational school of linguistics advocate: N. Chomsky descriptive adequacy explanatory adequacy

7 The behaviouristic view focus: publicly observable responses scientific method typical behaviouristic models: classical&operant conditioning rote verbal learning instrumental learning

8 psychological principles of organization and functioning underlying motivations and deeper structures of human behaviour descriptive explanatory Cognitive psychology

9 Linguistic-psychological Parallels SCHOOLS OF SCHOOLS OF CHARACTERISTICS PSYCHOLOGY LINGUISTICS Structural Behavioristic Descriptive Generative Cognitive Transformation

10 1). Linguistics When we study human language, we are approaching what some might call the human essence, the distinctive qualities of mind that are, so far as we know, unique to humans. ----N. Chomsky 3. The study of SLA

11 2). Intercultural communication intercultural competence --- The ability to establish and maintain possible relationship --- The ability to communicate effectively, with minimal loss and distortion --- The attainment of an appropriate level of compliance and cooperation with others

12 Intercultural education: --- multicultural education --- bilingual education --- global & international education --- foreign & second language education --- ethnic heritage education

13 3). Language policy & language planning --- information about second language learning --- the kinds of instruction that can be brought to bear on issues of acquisition --- the realities and expectations one can have on such programs

14 1) psycholinguistic issues/perspectives two historical milestones/revolutions the Chomskyan revolution the Corder revolution 4. Issues in SLA: Multiple perspective

15 Questions being studied: --- How language is acquired? What are thought to be the processes involved? --- What role previous knowledge plays in the acquisition process? --- How affective factors influence the way we perceive and process second language data?

16 2) Sociolinguistic issues/perspectives 5 sociolinguistic approaches to SLA: --- the Labovian tradition --- Bickertons dynamic paradigm --- the description of communi. competence --- speech accommodation theory --- attitudes and motivation in SLA

17 3). Neurolinguistic issues/perspective three major issues: --- the location of the L1 and/or L2 in the left and right hemispheres of the brain --- the ways in which languages with different characteristics are represented in the brain --- the critical period of hypothesis for SLA

18 --- the localization of the L1 and/or L2 in the left and right hemispheres of the brain hemispheric localization in terms of three factors age, level of proficiency, manner The age hypothesis There will be more right-hemisphere involvement in L2 processing the later the L2 is learned relative to the L1, or conversely, there will be greater left- hemisphere involvement in L2 processing the earlier the L2 is learned relative to the first

19 the stage hypothesis Right-hemispheric involvement in L2 processing will be more evident among nonproficient bilinguals than among proficient bilinguals the manner hypothesis There will be greater right-hemispheric involvement in processing language that are learned informally or, conversely, greater left-hemispheric involvement in processing languages that are learned formally

20 --- the ways in which languages with different characteristics are represented in the brain three linguistic characteristics: type of script direction of script language mode --- the critical period hypothesis CPH vs sensitive period hypothesis

21 4). Bilingual education CUP BICS vs CALP iceberg theory dual-iceberg representation of bilingual proficiency

22 BICS CALP the iceberg theory

23

24 L1 L1 academic BICS CALP achievement of L1 L2 L2 academic BICS CALP achievement of L2

25 5) Classroom research 5) Classroom research 5). Classroom research major issues: --- acquisition processes --- acquisition sequences --- rate of acquisition --- ultimate level of second language attainment


Download ppt "SLA --- AN Introductory Course Prof. Wen Weiping College of Foreign Languages SLA --- AN Introductory Course Prof. Wen Weiping College of Foreign Languages."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google