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Acdt Rpt 1 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING AR 385-40 DA PAM 385-40.

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Presentation on theme: "Acdt Rpt 1 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING AR 385-40 DA PAM 385-40."— Presentation transcript:

1 Acdt Rpt 1 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING AR DA PAM

2 Acdt Rpt 2 Accident Investigation Publications AR AR Accident Reporting and Records, 1 Nov 94 Provides policy and procedures and assigns responsibility for notification, investigation, reporting, and submission of Army accident reports. DA Pam DA Pam Army Accident Investigation and Reporting, 1 Nov 94 Army Accident Investigation HOW TO manual for aviation and ground accidents. ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING

3 Acdt Rpt 3 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE: ACTION: Investigate / report Army accidents CONDITIONS: As a safety NCO / unit leader STANDARDS: IAW AR & DA PAM

4 Acdt Rpt 4 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING PURPOSE OF ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION DEFINE ARMY ACCIDENT ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION RESPONSIBILITIES CLASSIFICATION OF ACCIDENTS REPORTING AND RECORDING ARMY ACCIDENTS CATEGORIES OF INVESTIGATION REPORTS INVESTIGATION PROCEDURES ACCIDENT REPORTING TERMINOLOGY

5 Acdt Rpt 5 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING WHY INVESTIGATE / REPORT ACCIDENTS? Those who do not learn from their mistakes are doomed to repeat them.

6 Acdt Rpt 6 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION / REPORTING THE INVESTIGATION DETERMINES: WHAT HAPPENED? CAUSE FACTORS HUMAN ERROR / MISTAKE MATERIEL FAILURE ENVIRONMENTAL FACTOR WHY DID IT HAPPEN? SYSTEM INADEQUACY / ROOT CAUSE SUPPORT LEADER TRAINING STDS / PROCEDURES INDIVIDUAL WHAT TO DO ABOUT IT? RECOMMENDATIONS FIXES CONTROL MEASURES COUNTERMEASURES

7 Acdt Rpt 7 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING PURPOSE OF INVESTIGATION/REPORTING: Identify accident cause factors and system deficiencies Assess manpower and monetary losses due to accidents Collect accident data to develop accident prevention measures Prevention only (not to be used for litigation, claims, disciplinary action, or adverse administrative actions)

8 Acdt Rpt 8 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING LEGAL / REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS: OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT (OSHA) PL EXECUTIVE ORDER CFR 1960, FEDERAL OSHA PROGRAM DOD INSTRUCTION AR DA PAM

9 Acdt Rpt 9 DEFINITION - ACCIDENT ACCIDENT - an unplanned event that causes personnel injury or illness, or property damage. AR , TERMS

10 Acdt Rpt 10 DEFINITION - ARMY ACCIDENT ARMY ACCIDENT - an accident that results in injury / illness to either army or non- Army personnel, and/or damage to Army or non-Army property as a result of Army operations (caused by the Army). AR , TERMS

11 Acdt Rpt 11 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING - AR ACCIDENT REPORTING TERMINOLOGY PERMANENT TOTAL DISABILITY - Any nonfatal injury or occupational illness that in the opinion of the competent medical authority, permanently and totally incapacitates a person to the extent that he or she cannot follow any gainful employment. The loss, or loss of use of both hands, feet, eyes, or any combination thereof as a result of a single accident. AR , TERMS

12 Acdt Rpt 12 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING - AR ACCIDENT REPORTING TERMINOLOGY PERMANENT PARTIAL DISABILITY - Any injury or occupational illness that does not result in death or permanent disability but, in the opinion of the competent medical authority, results in the loss or permanent impairment of any part of the body with the following exceptions: Loss of teeth Loss of fingernails or toenails Loss of tip of finger or tip of toe Hearing loss

13 Acdt Rpt 13 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING - AR ACCIDENT REPORTING TERMINOLOGY LOST-TIME CASE - A nonfatal traumatic injury that causes any loss of time from work beyond the day or shift on which it occurred or a nonfatal non-traumatic illness / disease that causes loss of time from work or disability at any time. AR , TERMS

14 Acdt Rpt 14 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING - AR ACCIDENT REPORTING TERMINOLOGY LOST-WORKDAY CASE - Cases in which an accident results in Army personnel missing one or more days of work. Days away from work are those workdays (consecutive or not) on which Army personnel would have worked but could not because of injury, occupational illness, or job- related physical deficiencies detected during medical surveillance examinations. AR , TERMS

15 Acdt Rpt 15 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING - AR ACCIDENT REPORTING TERMINOLOGY NONFATAL CASE WITHOUT LOST WORKDAYS - (Light duty / restricted work activity) - cases other than lost workday cases where army military, civilian personnel, because of an injury or occupational illness, experienced one or more of the following: Permanent transfer to another job or termination. Loss of consciousness Restricted duty (profile) AR , TERMS

16 Acdt Rpt 16 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING - AR ACCIDENT REPORTING TERMINOLOGY INJURY- A traumatic wound or other condition of the body caused by external forces, including stress or strain. The injury is identifiable to time and place of occurrence and member or function of the body affected, and is caused by a specific event or incident or series or events or incidents within a single day or work shift. AR , TERMS

17 Acdt Rpt 17 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING - AR ACCIDENT REPORTING TERMINOLOGY OCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS - Nontraumatic physiological harm or loss of capacity produced by systemic infection; continued or repeated stress or strain; exposure to toxins, poisons, fumes, etc., or other continued and repeated exposures to conditions of the work environment over a long period of time. A condition that does not meet the definition of an injury. AR , TERMS

18 Acdt Rpt 18 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING - AR ACCIDENT REPORTING TERMINOLOGY MEDICAL TREATMENT- Any treatment (other than first aid) administered by a physician or by registered professional medical personnel under orders of a physician AR , TERMS

19 Acdt Rpt 19 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING - AR ACCIDENT REPORTING TERMINOLOGY FIRST AID - One-time medical treatment for minor scratches, cuts, burns, and similar injuries that do not ordinarily require medical attention, plus any follow- up visits for observation. Such one-time treatment and follow-up visits will be considered first aid, even if provided by a physician. AR , TERMS

20 Acdt Rpt 20 WHAT TO INVESTIGATE / REPORT - Commanders will investigate / report: Damage to Army property. Injury (fatal or nonfatal) to military personnel Injury to on-duty civilian personnel Occupational injury or illness (fatal or nonfatal) to military personnel or Army civilian employees AR , 2-3

21 Acdt Rpt 21 WHAT TO INVESTIGATE / REPORT - Commanders will investigate / report: Injury / illness to non-Army personnel as a result of Army operations. Damage to non-Army property as a direct result of Army operations. Class E Aviation incident FOD incidents (class F)

22 Acdt Rpt 22 OCCURRENCES - NOT AN ARMY ACCIDENT Combat losses Directly caused by enemy action Due to evasive action taken to avoid enemy fire Failure to return from a combat mission Malfunction or failure of component parts AR , 2-5

23 Acdt Rpt 23 OCCURRENCES - NOT AN ARMY ACCIDENT (CONT) Expected damage (testing) Property damage as a result of vandalism, riot, civil disorder, felony Deliberate damage to aircraft or equipment or to occupants Accidents occurring during transport by commercial carrier

24 Acdt Rpt 24 NONREPORTABLE INJURIES / ILLNESSES NONOCCUPATIONAL ILLNESS / INJURY - Injury / illness is not proximate cause. Example -excessive bleeding of hemophiliac SELF-INFLICTED INJURIES - Suicide or self-inflicted injury CRIMINAL ASSAULT - Fist-fight or brawl PRIOR-SERVICE INJURIES - Injury prior to service entry AR , 2-7

25 Acdt Rpt 25 NONREPORTABLE INJURIES / ILLNESSES INFECTIVE AND PARASITIC DISEASE - Example - respiratory disease or food- poisoning STRAINS - Resulting from pre-existing musculoskeletal disorder (strain occurs during sneeze) HOSPITALIZATION (OBSERVATION ONLY) ESCAPE FROM CUSTODY - Injury occurring while attempting escape

26 Acdt Rpt 26 NONREPORTABLE INJURIES / ILLNESSES DEATH DUE TO NATURAL CAUSES - Example - heart attack ADVERSE REACTION - Reaction to alcohol or drugs not administered by medical authority PRE-EXISTING INJURIES OR ILLNESSES

27 Acdt Rpt 27 CLASSIFICATION OF ARMY ACCIDENTS Notification requirements, Site security requirements, Investigation procedures and responsibilities, Required accident reports Accident Type And Classification are used to determine: AR , 2-2

28 Acdt Rpt 28 CLASSIFICATION OF ARMY ACCIDENTS The resulting total cost of property damage is $1,000,000 or more; An Army aircraft or missile is destroyed, missing, or abandoned; or An injury and/or occupational illness results in a fatality or permanent total disability. CLASS A - an Army accident in which: AR , 2-2

29 Acdt Rpt 29 CLASSIFICATION OF ARMY ACCIDENTS The resulting total cost of property damage is $200,000 or more, But less than $1,000,000; An injury and/or occupational illness results in permanent partial disability, or When five or more personnel are inpatient hospitalized from a single occurrence. CLASS B - an Army accident in which: AR , 2-2

30 Acdt Rpt 30 CLASSIFICATION OF ARMY ACCIDENTS NOTIFICATION, SECURITY, INVESTIGATION NOTE: Class A & B accident investigations are conducted by an accident investigation board (CAI or IAI Board). Immediate notification is required through chain of command to USASC If possible, unit must secure the accident site for the accident board to see. (May not be possible for traffic accident) AR , 3-2, 4-2

31 Acdt Rpt 31 CLASSIFICATION OF ARMY ACCIDENTS The resulting total cost of property damage is $10,000 or more, But less than $200,000; A nonfatal injury that causes any loss of time from work beyond the day or shift on which it occurred; Or a nonfatal occupational illness that causes loss of time from work (e.g. 1 work day) or disability at any time (lost time case). CLASS C - an Army accident in which: AR , 2-2

32 Acdt Rpt 32 CLASSIFICATION OF ARMY ACCIDENTS The resulting total cost of property damage is $2,000 or more, But less than $10,000. Example: An Army 5 ton truck backed into a parked civilian auto resulting in $2500 damage to the privately owned vehicle (as a result of Army operations). Note: An Army accident resulting in less than $2000 property damage and no lost time injury are reported using local procedures. CLASS D - an Army accident in which: AR , 2-2

33 Acdt Rpt 33 CLASSIFICATION OF ARMY ACCIDENTS An Army incident in which the resulting damage cost and injury severity do not meet the criteria for Class A-D accident ($2,000 or more damage; lost time/restricted activity case). A Class E aviation incident is reportable when the mission is interrupted or not completed. CLASS E aviation incident - AR , 2-2

34 Acdt Rpt 34 CLASSIFICATION OF ARMY ACCIDENTS Recordable incidents are confined to aircraft turbine engine damage only as a result of internal or external FOD FOREIGN OBJECT DAMAGE (FOD) AVIATION INCIDENT (CLASS F) - AR , 2-2

35 Acdt Rpt 35 ARMY ACCIDENT TYPES ARMY AIRCRAFT ACCIDENT ARMY MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENT (AMV) ARMY COMBAT VEHICLE (ACV) ARMY OPERATED VEHICLE OTHER ARMY VEHICLE PRIVATELY OWNED VEHICLE (POV) PERSONNEL INJURY - OTHER MARINE ACCIDENT FIRE CHEMICAL AGENT ACCIDENT EXPLOSIVES ACCIDENT IONIZING AND NONIONIZING RADIATION ACDT & INCIDENT NUCLEAR BIOLOGICAL DEFENSE MISHAP DRONE AIRCRAFT (RPV) FRATRICIDE PE # 1

36 Acdt Rpt 36 COMMAND RESPONSIBILITIES PRELIMINARY ACCIDENT SITE PROCEDURES: Initiate actions IAW unit pre-accident plan Contact emergency services - fire, rescue, MP, HAZMAT team, EOD Notification - chain of command First priority - safety of victims, personnel involved, and the general public AR , 2-9, 3-2

37 Acdt Rpt 37 COMMAND RESPONSIBILITIES PRELININARY ACCIDENT SITE PROCEDURES: Neutralize accident site hazards: Fire Ammunition cook-off / explosion Fuel spill / hazardous materials. Burnt carbon fibers (composite materials). Traffic hazards / additional collisions. Electrical hazards Bloodborne pathogen AR , 2-9, 3-2

38 Acdt Rpt 38 COMMAND RESPONSIBILITIES PRELININARY ACCIDENT SITE PROCEDURES: Take action to secure / preserve the accident scene Safeguard from bystanders Control access to site Rope off site - keep unauthorized personnel out Protect physical evidence - ground markings / scars, placement of wreckage / equipment AR , 2-9, 3-2

39 Acdt Rpt 39 COMMAND RESPONSIBILITIES PRELIMINARY ACCIDENT SITE PROCEDURES: Notify the commander of personnel involved Notify USASC, DSN /3410 (Class A & B (Avn / Gnd); & Class C Avn mishap) Notify USASC - (DA Civilian injuries - 3 or more hospitalized from a single accident - OSHA DOL notification) Provide information from Notification Worksheet DA Form 7306-R AR , 2-9, 3-2

40 Acdt Rpt 40 COMMAND RESPONSIBILITIES INVESTIGATION / REPORTING RESPONSIBILITIES: Commanders at all levels (installation level down to company or detachment) are responsible for investigating and reporting accidents. Class A & B On-duty - CAI / IAI board Class A & B Off-duty - Unit prepares AGAR / follow MACOM /installation procedures for fatal accidents. Class C & D - unit prepares AGAR Accident report submitted through chain of command / installation safety to USASC AR Table E-1 / E-2

41 Acdt Rpt 41 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION RESPONSIBILITIES - GROUND ACDT CLASS RESPONSIBILITY REPORT CLASS A & B (NOTIFY USASC) DA ON-DUTY CAI / IAI BOARD TECH RPT CLASS C & D UNIT CDR AGAR ON-DUTY 30 DAYS CLASS A-D UNIT CDR AGAR OFF-DUTY 30 DAYS DA CIVILIAN (CLASS A & B CA-1, CA-2 ON-DUTY NOTIFY USASC) CA-6 CLASS A & B CAI / IAI BOARD TECH RPT CLASS C SUPERVISOR CA-1, CA-2 CLASS A & B (NOTIFY USASC) AGAR OFF-DUTY MAY APPOINT IAI 30 DAYS

42 Acdt Rpt 42 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION RESPONSIBILITIES - AVIATION ACDT CLASS RESPONSIBILITY REPORT CLASS A (NOTIFY USASC) DA CAI / IAI BOARD TECH RPT CLASS B (NOTIFY USASC) DA CAI / IAI BOARD TECH RPT CLASS C (NOTIFY USASC) AAAR IAI BOARD 90 DAYS CLASS D - F UNIT CDR AAAR (PE # 2) 10 DAYS

43 Acdt Rpt 43 REPORTING vs. RECORDING ARMY ACCIDENTS REPORTABLE ACCIDENTS (ALL ACCIDENTS) MINOR INJURY OR DAMAGE LOCAL REPORT PROCEDURES REPORTED TO UNIT SAFETY OFFICER OR INSTALLATION SAFETY AR REPORTED AND RECORDED IAW ARMY PROCEDURES MEETS CRITERIA FOR RECORDABLE ACCIDENT / INCIDENT

44 Acdt Rpt 44 REPORTING vs. RECORDING ARMY ACCIDENTS REPORTING - Report all accidents to the unit safety officer / installation safety office Local reporting procedures for: Property damage less than $2000 Military personnel injury - no lost time / restricted duty only Military personnel injury - first aid only

45 Acdt Rpt 45 REPORTING vs. RECORDING ARMY ACCIDENTS RECORDING - Meets AR criteria for recordable accident / incident. Investigation results are recorded on the appropriate form and forwarded to USASC for entry into Army accident database. Class A-D Accidents Class E & FOD Aviation Damage exceeds $2000 Soldier injury results in 1 or more lost workdays

46 Acdt Rpt 46 CATEGORIES OF ACCIDENT REPORTS SAFETY ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION REPORT - Used for prevention purposes only Limited Use Report General Use Report COLLATERAL INVESTIGATION REPORT - Used to determine accountability, liability, claims, disciplinary action CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION (MP / CID) AR , 2-9, 1-7

47 Acdt Rpt 47 SAFETY ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION REPORTS Limited Use Safety Accident Investigation Report All flight accidents Fratricide / friendly fire Selected accidents involving other complex weapons systems as determined by Cdr, USASC AR , 1-7

48 Acdt Rpt 48 SAFETY ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION REPORTS Limited Use Safety Accident Investigation Report Report is for accident prevention May offer confidentiality to witness Findings, recommendations, and witness statements not releasable to public or outside DoD Purely factual information - pictures, drawings, tests may be released / shared with collateral investigator

49 Acdt Rpt 49 SAFETY ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION REPORTS - AR , 1-7 General Use Safety Accident Investigation Report USE - To record data concerning all reportable accidents not covered by limited use reports. Used for accident prevention Not for administrative or disciplinary action within DoD Not generally releasable - need to know for the purpose of accident prevention Witness statements not exempt from disclosure in response to a request under FOIA

50 Acdt Rpt 50 COLLATERAL INVESTIGATION (NOT A SAFETY INVESTIGATION) USE - Record facts for use in litigation, claims and administrative and disciplinary actions Required on all on-duty Class A accidents (LOD will suffice for off-duty fatality) Public Interest Safety personnel do not conduct, review, or store collateral investigations. Accident investigation has priority Collateral investigation covered by: AR or AR 15-6 AR , 1-8

51 Acdt Rpt 51 CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION (MP / CID) MP / CID - Investigate to determine if criminal activity is involved. Safety accident investigation board has access to MP / CID evidence, photos, witness statements Accident investigation will halt if criminal activity is discovered. (Other than negligence, dereliction of duty or disobedience of an order) AR , 4-7

52 Acdt Rpt 52 COMPLETING THE ACCIDENT REPORT DA PAM Investigate / Report Army Accidents DA 285 Army Accident Report DA 285-AB-R Abbreviated Ground Accident Report

53 Acdt Rpt 53 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING THE INVESTIGATION PROCESS: WHAT HAPPENED? CAUSE FACTORS HUMAN ERROR / MISTAKE MATERIEL FAILURE ENVIRONMENTAL FACTOR WHY DID IT HAPPEN? SYSTEM INADEQUACY / ROOT CAUSE SUPPORT LEADER TRAINING STDS / PROCEDURES INDIVIDUAL WHAT TO DO ABOUT IT? RECOMMENDATIONS FIXES CONTROL MEASURES COUNTERMEASURES

54 Acdt Rpt 54 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING Example of a completed AGAR form, DA PAM , page PRACTICAL EXERCISE #3

55 Acdt Rpt 55 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING Purpose of accident investigation Define Army accident Accident investigation responsibilities Classification of accidents Reporting and Recording Army accidents Categories of investigation reports Reporting Procedures- AGAR Accident reporting terminology

56 Acdt Rpt 56 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING QUESTIONS??

57 Acdt Rpt 57 ACCIDENT INVESTIGATION AND REPORTING PRACTICAL EXERCISE # 3 COMPLETING THE ACCIDENT REPORT FORM HOMEWORK DUE AT START OF CLASS IN THE MORNING.


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