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THE TEMPLE SOLOMON’S TEMPLE SOLOMON FINISHED THE TEMPLE(959 BC)? DESTROYED BY NEBUCHADNEZZAR(586 BC)? ZERUBBABEL’S TEMPLE RECONSTRUCTION UNDER CYRUS(536.

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Presentation on theme: "THE TEMPLE SOLOMON’S TEMPLE SOLOMON FINISHED THE TEMPLE(959 BC)? DESTROYED BY NEBUCHADNEZZAR(586 BC)? ZERUBBABEL’S TEMPLE RECONSTRUCTION UNDER CYRUS(536."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE TEMPLE SOLOMON’S TEMPLE SOLOMON FINISHED THE TEMPLE(959 BC)? DESTROYED BY NEBUCHADNEZZAR(586 BC)? ZERUBBABEL’S TEMPLE RECONSTRUCTION UNDER CYRUS(536 BC)? BUILDING CEASES UNDER ARTAXERXES(17 YEARS)? BUILDING CONTINUES UNDER DARIUS (519 BC)? TEMPLE COMPLETED UNDER DARIUS(516 BC)? ( BC)? HEROD’S TEMPLE CONSTRUCTION BEGAN(20 BC)? COMPLETED 46 YEARS (JOHN 2:20)(64 AD)?

2 CHRONOLOGY OF BOOKS OBADIAH( BC)? EZEKIEL( BC)? DANIEL( BC)? EZRA( BC)? ZECHARIAH( BC)? ESTHER( BC)? NEHEMIAH( BC)? MALACHI( BC)?

3 BABYLONIAN CAPTIVITY NEBUCHADNEZZARDANIEL 1:1(539 BC)? CYRUSEZRA 1-3( BC)? AHASUERUSEZRA 4 (7 MONTHS)(537 BC)? DARIUSEZRA 5-6( BC)? QUEEN ESTHERESTHER 2-10( BC)? ARTAXERXES LONGIMANUS( BC)? EZRA 7-10( BC)? NEHEMIAH 1-13( BC)?

4 PEOPLE TO REMEMBER NEBUCHADNEZZAR - DESTROYED JERUSALEM(586 BC)? ARTAXERXES - KING OF PERSIA BC? LONGIMANUS- SON OF XERXES NEHEMIAH - COMFORTED OF YAHWEH SON OF HACHALIAH - BROTHER OF HANANI BC? ADVERSARIES OF NEHEMIAH SANBALLAT THE HORONITE - GOVERNOR OF SAMARIA TOBIAH THE AMMONITE - JOINT GOVERNOR WITH SANBALLAT GESHEM THE ARAB - CHIEF OF THE ARABS IN SAMARIA ELIASHIB THE HIGH PRIEST EZRA THE PRIEST - THE SCRIBE

5 OUTLINE NEHEMIAH CHAPTER ELEVEN LEADERS OF THE JEWS TO LIVE IN JERUSALEM: ONE OF TEN JEWS WILL LIVE IN THE CITY:V. 1-2 LIST OF THOSE WHO WILL LIVE IN JERUSALEM:V. 3-9 PRIESTS:V CHIEF OF THE FATHERS:V. 13 MIGHTY MEN:V. 14 LEVITES:V PORTERS:V. 19 RESIDUE OF ISRAEL AND OFFICERS:V VILLAGES WHICH THEY WILL DWELL IN:V LIST OF LEVITES IN JUDAH AND BENJAMIN:V. 36

6 READ:NEHEMIAH 11:1-3 1The leaders of the people dwelt at Jerusalem; the rest of the people cast lots to bring one out of ten to dwell in Jerusalem, the holy city, and nine-tenths were to dwell in other cities. 2The people blessed all the men who willingly offered themselves to dwell at Jerusalem. 3These are the heads of the province who dwelt in Jerusalem. (But in the cities of Judah everyone dwelt in his own possession in their cities-- Israelites, priests, Levites, Nethinim, and descendants of Solomon's servants.)

7 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11:1-3 1The leaders of the people dwelt at Jerusalem. The rest of the people cast lots to bring one out of ten to dwell in Jerusalem, the holy city, and nine-tenths were to dwell in other cities. 2The people blessed all the men who willingly offered themselves to dwell at Jerusalem. WHO DWELT IN JERUSALEM? WHY DID THEY CAST LOTS? WHERE DID THE REST OF THE PEOPLE DWELL? WHO DID THE PEOPLE BLESS?WHY?

8 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11:1-3 3These are the heads of the province who dwelt in Jerusalem. (But in the cities of Judah everyone dwelt in his own possession in their cities-- Israelites, priests, Levites, Nethinim, and descendants of Solomon's servants.) WHO DWELT IN JERUSALEM? WHERE DID THE OTHERS DWELL?

9 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11:1-3 WHEN DID THEY COME BACK FROM CAPTIVITY? READ:EZRA 7:7 7Some of the children of Israel, the priests, the Levites, the singers, the gatekeepers, and the Nethinim came up to Jerusalem in the seventh year of King Artaxerxes.(NKJ) WHO DWELT IN JERUSALEM? READ:1 CHRONICLES 9:1-3 3In Jerusalem the children of Judah dwelt, and some of the children of Benjamin, and of the children of Ephraim and Manasseh: (NKJ)

10 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11:1-3 WHERE DID THE OTHERS DWELL? READ:EZRA 2:1 1These are the people of the province who came back from the captivity, of those who had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away to Babylon, and who returned to Jerusalem and Judah, everyone to his own city. (NKJ) READ:1 CHRONICLES 9:1-3 2The first inhabitants who dwelt in their possessions in their cities were Israelites, priests, Levites, and the Nethinim.

11 READ:NEHEMIAH 11:4-6 4Also in Jerusalem dwelt some of the children of Judah and of the children of Benjamin. The children of Judah: Athaiah the son of Uzziah, the son of Zechariah, the son of Amariah, the son of Shephatiah, the son of Mahalalel, of the children of Perez; 5And Maaseiah the son of Baruch, the son of Col- Hozeh, the son of Hazaiah, the son of Adaiah, the son of Joiarib, the son of Zechariah, the son of Shiloni. 6All the sons of Perez who dwelt at Jerusalem were four hundred and sixty-eight valiant men.

12 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11:4-6 4Also in Jerusalem dwelt some of the children of Judah and of the children of Benjamin. The children of Judah: Athaiah the son of Uzziah, the son of Zechariah, the son of Amariah, the son of Shephatiah, the son of Mahalalel, of the children of Perez; WHAT TRIBES DWELT IN JERUSALEM? WHO WAS PEREZ? READ:1 CHRONICLES 2:4 4Tamar, his daughter-in-law, bore him Perez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah were five.(NKJ)

13 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11:4-6 4Also in Jerusalem dwelt some of the children of Judah and of the children of Benjamin. The children of Judah: Athaiah the son of Uzziah, the son of Zechariah, the son of Amariah, the son of Shephatiah, the son of Mahalalel, of the children of Perez; 5And Maaseiah the son of Baruch, the son of Col- Hozeh, the son of Hazaiah, the son of Adaiah, the son of Joiarib, the son of Zechariah, the son of Shiloni. 6All the sons of Perez who dwelt at Jerusalem were four hundred and sixty-eight valiant men.(468)? WHO IS NAMED OF THE TRIBE OF JUDAH? HOW MANY WERE THERE?

14 READ:NEHEMIAH 11:6-9 7These are the sons of Benjamin: Sallu the son of Meshullam, the son of Joed, the son of Pedaiah, the son of Kolaiah, the son of Maaseiah, the son of Ithiel, the son of Jeshaiah; 8After him Gabbai and Sallai, nine hundred and twenty-eight. 9Joel the son of Zichri was their overseer, and Judah the son of Senuah was second over the city.

15 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11:6-9 7These are the sons of Benjamin: Sallu the son of Meshullam, the son of Joed, the son of Pedaiah, the son of Kolaiah, the son of Maaseiah, the son of Ithiel, the son of Jeshaiah; WHO WAS BENJAMIN? READ:GENESIS 46:19 19The sons of Rachel, Jacob's wife, were Joseph and Benjamin.(NKJ)

16 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11:6-9 7These are the sons of Benjamin: Sallu the son of Meshullam, the son of Joed, the son of Pedaiah, the son of Kolaiah, the son of Maaseiah, the son of Ithiel, the son of Jeshaiah; 8After him Gabbai and Sallai, nine hundred and twenty-eight.(928)? WHO WAS NAMED OF THE TRIBE OF BENJAMIN? WHY LIST THE ANCESTRY OF SALLU? HOW MANY OF THE TRIBE OF BENJAMIN?

17 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11:6-9 9Joel the son of Zichri was their overseer, and Judah the son of Senuah was second over the city. (NKJ) 9Joel son of Zicri was their chief officer, and Judah son of Hassenuah was over the Second District of the city. (NIV) WHO WAS NAMED ‘OVERSEER’? WHO WAS NAMED OVER THE ‘SECOND DISTRICT’? WHAT WAS THE ‘SECOND DISTRICT’ OF THE CITY?

18 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11:6-9 WHAT WAS THE SECOND DISTRICT? READ:ZEPHANIAH 1:10 10There shall be on that day, says the LORD, The sound of a mournful cry from the Fish Gate, a wailing from the Second Quarter, and a loud crashing from the hills.(NKJ) READ:2 CHRONICLES 34:22 22Hilkiah and those the king had appointed went to Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tokhath, the son of Hasrah, keeper of the wardrobe. (She dwelt in Jerusalem in the Second Quarter.) And they spoke to her to that effect.(NKJ)

19 READ:NEHEMIAH 11: Of the priests: Jedaiah the son of Joiarib, and Jachin; 11Seraiah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub, was the leader of the house of God.

20 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11: Of the priests: Jedaiah the son of Joiarib, and Jachin; 11Seraiah the son of Hilkiah, the son of Meshullam, the son of Zadok, the son of Meraioth, the son of Ahitub, was the leader of the house of God. WHO WAS NAMED OF THE PRIESTS? WHO WAS THE LEADER OF THE HOUSE OF GOD? WHY LIST THEIR ANCESTRY?

21 READ:NEHEMIAH 11: Their brethren who did the work of the house were eight hundred and twenty-two; and Adaiah the son of Jeroham, the son of Pelaliah, the son of Amzi, the son of Zechariah, the son of Pashhur, the son of Malchijah, 13And his brethren, heads of the fathers' houses, were two hundred and forty-two; and Amashai the son of Azarel, the son of Ahzai, the son of Meshillemoth, the son of Immer, 14And their brethren, mighty men of valor, were one hundred and twenty-eight. Their overseer was Zabdiel the son of one of the great men.

22 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11: Their brethren who did the work of the house were eight hundred and twenty-two; and Adaiah the son of Jeroham, the son of Pelaliah, the son of Amzi, the son of Zechariah, the son of Pashhur, the son of Malchijah, 13And his brethren, heads of the fathers' houses, were two hundred and forty-two; and Amashai the son of Azarel, the son of Ahzai, the son of Meshillemoth, the son of Immer, WHO WERE THESE ‘BRETHREN’? WHAT ‘HOUSE’ DID THEY WORK AT? HOW MANY WERE THERE?(822)? HOW MANY WERE OF THE HOUSE OF ADAIAH?(242)?

23 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11: And his brethren, heads of the fathers' houses, were two hundred and forty-two. And Amashai the son of Azarel, the son of Ahzai, the son of Meshillemoth, the son of Immer, 14And their brethren, mighty men of valor, were one hundred and twenty-eight. Their overseer was Zabdiel the son of one of the great men. HOW MANY OF THE HOUSE OF AMASHAI?(128)? WHAT KIND OF MEN WERE THEY? WHO WAS THEIR OVERSEER?

24 READ:NEHEMIAH 11: Also of the Levites: Shemaiah the son of Hasshub, the son of Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Bunni; 16Shabbethai and Jozabad, of the heads of the Levites, had the oversight of the business outside of the house of God; 17Mattaniah the son of Micha, the son of Zabdi, the son of Asaph, the leader who began the thanksgiving with prayer, and Bakbukiah the second among his brethren, and Abda the son of Shammua, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun.

25 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11: Also of the Levites: Shemaiah the son of Hasshub, the son of Azrikam, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Bunni; 16Shabbethai and Jozabad, of the heads of the Levites, had the oversight of the business outside of the house of God; WHO ELSE WAS OF THE LEVITES? WHAT DID THEY HAVE THE ‘OVERSIGHT’ OF? READ: 1 CHRONICLES 26:29 29Of the Izharites, Chenaniah and his sons performed duties as officials and judges over Israel outside Jerusalem.(NKJ)

26 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11: Mattaniah the son of Micha, the son of Zabdi, the son of Asaph, the leader who began the thanksgiving with prayer, and Bakbukiah the second among his brethren, and Abda the son of Shammua, the son of Galal, the son of Jeduthun. WHAT WAS MATTANIAH’S RESPONSIBILTY? WHO WERE HIS ASSISTANTS?

27 READ:NEHEMIAH 11: All the Levites in the holy city were two hundred and eighty-four. 19Moreover the gatekeepers, Akkub, Talmon, and their brethren who kept the gates, were one hundred and seventy-two. 20The rest of Israel, of the priests and Levites, were in all the cities of Judah, everyone in his inheritance. 21But the Nethinim dwelt in Ophel. And Ziha and Gishpa were over the Nethinim.

28 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11: All the Levites in the holy city were two hundred and eighty-four.(284)? 19Moreover the gatekeepers, Akkub, Talmon, and their brethren who kept the gates, were one hundred and seventy-two.(172)? WHAT WAS THE TOTAL NUMBER OF LEVITES? WHO WAS IN CHARGE OF THE GATEKEEPERS? HOW MANY WERE THERE? READ: EZRA 2:40-42

29 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11:18-21 COMPARED TO THE TIME OF EZRA READ:EZRA 2: The Levites: the sons of Jeshua and Kadmiel, of the sons of Hodaviah, seventy-four.(74)? 41The singers: the sons of Asaph, one hundred and twenty- eight.(128)? 42The sons of the gatekeepers: the sons of Shallum, the sons of Ater, the sons of Talmon, the sons of Akkub, the sons of Hatita, and the sons of Shobai, one hundred and thirty-nine in all.(139)?

30 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11: The rest of Israel, of the priests and Levites, were in all the cities of Judah, everyone in his inheritance. WHERE DID THE REST OF THE PEOPLE DWELL? READ:NUMBERS 34:2 2Command the children of Israel, and say to them: When you come into the land of Canaan, this is the land that shall fall to you as an inheritance-- the land of Canaan to its boundaries.(NKJ) WHEN DID THEY RECEIVE THIS INHERITANCE?

31 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11:18-21 WHEN DID THEY RECEIVE THIS INHERITANCE? READ:NUMBERS 33:54 54You shall divide the land by lot as an inheritance among your families; to the larger you shall give a larger inheritance, and to the smaller you shall give a smaller inheritance; there everyone's inheritance shall be whatever falls to him by lot. You shall inherit according to the tribes of your fathers.(NKJ) DID THEY KNOW WHAT THEIR INHERITANCE WAS?

32 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11: But the Nethinim dwelt in Ophel. And Ziha and Gishpa were over the Nethinim. WHERE DID THE NETHINIM DWELL? READ:NEHEMIAH 3:26 26The Nethinim who dwelt in Ophel made repairs as far as the place in front of the Water Gate toward the east, and on the projecting tower.(NKJ) WAS OPHEL A PART OF THE WALL? WHO WAS TO BE OVER THEM? WHAT WAS THEIR PURPOSE?

33 READ:NEHEMIAH 11: Also the overseer of the Levites at Jerusalem was Uzzi the son of Bani, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Micha, of the sons of Asaph, the singers in charge of the service of the house of God. 23For it was the king's command concerning them that a certain portion should be for the singers, a quota day by day. 24Pethahiah the son of Meshezabel, of the children of Zerah the son of Judah, was the king's deputy in all matters concerning the people.

34 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11: The overseer of the Levites at Jerusalem was Uzzi the son of Bani, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Micha, of the sons of Asaph, the singers in charge of the service of the house of God. KJV 22The chief officer of the Levites in Jerusalem was Uzzi son of Bani, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Mica. Uzzi was one of Asaph's descendants, who were the singers responsible for the service of the house of God.(NIV) WHO WAS THE ‘OVERSEER’ OF THE LEVITES? WHO WAS ASAPH?

35 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11: The overseer of the Levites at Jerusalem was Uzzi the son of Bani, the son of Hashabiah, the son of Mattaniah, the son of Micha, of the sons of Asaph, the singers in charge of the service of the house of God. 23For it was the king's command concerning them that a certain portion should be for the singers, a quota day by day. WHO WAS ASAPH? WHAT KING COMMANDED THIS?

36 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11:22-24 WHAT KING COMMANDED THIS? READ:1 CHRONICLES 25:1-7 1David and the captains of the army separated for the service some of the sons of Asaph, of Heman, and of Jeduthun, who should prophesy with harps, stringed instruments, and cymbals. And the number of the skilled men performing their service was: 6All these were under the direction of their father for the music in the house of the LORD, with cymbals, stringed instruments, and harps, for the service of the house of God. Asaph, Jeduthun, and Heman were under the authority of the king. 7The number of them, with their brethren who were instructed in the songs of the LORD, all who were skillful, was two hundred and eighty-eight. (NKJ)

37 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11: Pethahiah the son of Meshezabel, of the children of Zerah the son of Judah, was the king's deputy in all matters concerning the people. WHAT KING IS THIS?ARTXERXES? WHO WAS THE KING’S DEPUTY? WHAT WAS HIS FUNCTION? GOVERNOR OF JUDAH? OR JERUSALEM? WHAT ABOUT NEHEMIAH?

38 READ:NEHEMIAH 11: As for the villages with their fields, some of the children of Judah dwelt in Kirjath Arba and its villages, Dibon and its villages, Jekabzeel and its villages; 26In Jeshua, Moladah, Beth Pelet, 27Hazar Shual, and Beersheba and its villages; 28In Ziklag and Meconah and its villages; 29In En Rimmon, Zorah, Jarmuth, 30Zanoah, Adullam, and their villages; in Lachish and its fields; in Azekah and its villages. They dwelt from Beersheba to the Valley of Hinnom.

39 IN WHAT VILLAGES DID THEY DWELL? 25As for the villages with their fields, some of the children of Judah dwelt in Kirjath Arba and its villages, Dibon and its villages, Jekabzeel and its villages; 26In Jeshua, Moladah, Beth Pelet, 27Hazar Shual, and Beersheba and its villages; 28In Ziklag and Meconah and its villages; 29In En Rimmon, Zorah, Jarmuth, 30Zanoah, Adullam, and their villages; in Lachish and its fields; in Azekah and its villages. They dwelt from Beersheba to the Valley of Hinnom. SEE:JOSHUA 15:27-39JOSHUA 18:21-28

40 READ:NEHEMIAH 11: Also the children of Benjamin from Geba dwelt in Michmash, Aija, and Bethel, and their villages; 32in Anathoth, Nob, Ananiah; 33in Hazor, Ramah, Gittaim; 34in Hadid, Zeboim, Neballat; 35in Lod, Ono, and the Valley of Craftsmen. 36Some of the Judean divisions of Levites were in Benjamin.(NKJ)

41 QUESTIONS:NEHEMIAH 11: Also the children of Benjamin from Geba dwelt in Michmash, Aija, and Bethel, and their villages; 32in Anathoth, Nob, Ananiah; 33in Hazor, Ramah, Gittaim; 34in Hadid, Zeboim, Neballat; 35in Lod, Ono, and the Valley of Craftsmen. 36Some of the Judean divisions of Levites were in Benjamin.(NKJ) SEE:JOSHUA 15:27-39JOSHUA 18:21-28

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