Presentation on theme: "11 Trigonometry (2) Contents 11.1 Area of Triangles 11.2 Sine Formula"— Presentation transcript:
1 11 Trigonometry (2) Contents 11.1 Area of Triangles 11.2 Sine Formula 11.3 Cosine Formula11.4 Applications in Two-dimensional ProblemsHome
2 11.1 Area of Triangles A. Area Formula of Triangles In Fig. 11.6, we take BC as the base and AD as the height of the triangle.Fig. 11.6Substituting h = b sin C into (*), we have
3 11.1 Area of Triangles B. Heron’s Formula Another important formula for calculating the area of a triangle is Heron’s formula.Heron’s FormulaFor any triangles with the length of all the three sides known, Heron’s formula can be used to calculate its area.
4 11.2 Sine Formula The Sine Formula states that: For any triangle, the length of a side is directly proportional to the sine of its opposite angle.Or mathematically, the sine formula can be expresses as:or
5 11.2 Sine FormulaA. Solving a Triangle with Two Angles and Any Side GivenIf any two angles (A and B) of a triangle and a side (a) opposite to one of the angles are given, we can use the sine formula directly to find b:FigIf any two angles (A and B) of a triangle are given, but the given side c is not an opposite side, we should find the third angle (C) first, then we can use the sine formula:
6 11.2 Sine FormulaB. Solving a Triangle with Two Sides and One Non-included Angle GivenExample 11.5TIn ABC, a = 16 cm, b = 14 cm and B = 48.(a) Find the possible values of A.(b) How many triangles can be formed?Solution:(a) By sine formula,(b) Two triangles can be formed.
7 11.3 Cosine FormulaThe following formulas are known as the cosine formulas:Cosine FormulasNotes:So Pythagoras’ Theorem is a special case of cosine formula for right-angled triangles.
8 11.4 Applications in Two-dimensional Problems A. Angle of Elevation and Angle of DepressionWhen we observe an object above us, the angle between our line of sight and the horizontal is called the angle of elevation (see Fig (a)).Fig (a)When we observe an object below us, the angle between the line of sight and the horizontal is called the angle of depression (see Fig (b)).Fig (b)
9 11.4 Applications in Two-dimensional Problems B. BearingWhen using compass bearing, all angles are measured from north (N) orSouth (S), thus the bearing is represented in the form(a) The compass bearing of A from O is N30E.(b) The compass bearing of B from O is S40W.Fig (a)
10 11.4 Applications in Two-dimensional Problems B. BearingWhen using true bearing, all angles are measured from the north in a clockwisedirection. The bearing is expressed in the form , where 0 < 360.For example, in Fig (b), O, C and D lie on the same plane.(a) The bearing of C from O is 050.(b) The bearing of D from O is 210.Fig (b)