2Canada – what does it mean? What do you think the word 'canada' means?oc
3France Joins the RaceFrance joins the race to find an ocean passage to Asia in the middle of the 16th CKing Francois I wanted to find it before anyone elseThey thought the best way was to search for a way through North America
4Jacques CartierKing Francois I sent Captain Jacques Cartier to find a passage through North AmericaIn 1534, Cartier set out for North America across the Atlantic with two shipsIn 20 days, he arrived off the Newfoundland coastThey sailed around the island and entered an inland sea – the Gulf of St. Lawrence
5Contact!One day when Cartier and his men were exploring, they came across a group of Mi'kmaqThe Mi'kmaq were in canoes, whereas the French were in huge shipsThe language and clothing of both groups were vastly differentHow do you think each group would have reacted?
6SOAPSTone!We will read the primary source together and discuss some of the following questions.We will also fill out the SOAPSTone chart.Think-Pair-Share:Q: What does this source tell us?Q: Why are sources like this and the petroglyph important to historians?
7GaspéIn July 1534 Cartier and his crew landed at a place he called GaspéIn Gaspé they met a group of Haudenosaunee and their leader, DonnaconaThey had travelled from their home to fish in the Gaspé PeninsulaCartier took two of Donnacona's sons, Taignoagny and Domagaya with him back to FranceWhy did he do this?
8Vive le Roi de France! Think-Pair-Share: Title: Jacques Cartier at Gaspe, 1534This painting by Charles Walter Simpson painted in 1927 shows Cartier raising the cross for France. It was typical of European explorers to claim lands they visited on their travels.Think-Pair-Share:1) Is this a primary or secondary source? How do you know?2) What issues do you predict may develop between the First Nations peoples and the Europeans who eventually came to live in North America?
9Donnacona's Reaction“When we had returned to our ships, the captain [Donnacona], dressed in an old black bear skin, arrived in a canoe with three of his sons and his brother Pointing to the cross, he made us a long harangue, making the sign of the cross with his two fingers; and then he pointed to the land all around, as if to say that all this belonged to him, and that we ought not to have set up this cross without his permission.”Q: What do you think of this speech? Who do you agree with? Why?Q: What vocab word is Cartier exhibiting?
10Return to North America In 1535, Cartier returned to North America with three ships and 110 menHe brought Donnacona's sons back with himThe sons helped guide the French up the St. Lawrence RiverThey went as far as Stadacona, where Donnacona's people lived
11Scurvy! Cartier and his crew decided to stay for the winter They built a small log fort near Stadacona where they livedThey did not have enough fresh fruit or vegetables, which led to scurvyMany of the crew became ill and diedLuckily the Haudenosaunee had a cure, which they taught to the FrenchWithout their help, it is unlikely the French would have survived the winter
12Land of RichesThe Haudenosaunee told Cartier about a land northeast of their villageIt contained fruit trees, metals and gemsIn the spring of 1536, Cartier forcibly took Donnacona and nine other villagers back to EuropeWhy did he do this?
13Cartier's Third Visit In 1542 Cartier returned to North America He wanted to set up a colony along the St. LawrenceOnly one of the Haudenosaunee Cartier had taken had survivedCartier lied to the Haudenosaunee and told them they were living in EuropeFrom records, it appears that the Haudenosaunee did not believe Cartier's storyThe Haudenosaunne were now hostile toward the FrenchAfter another horrible Winter, Cartier and the would-be colonists returned to EuropeCartier took samples of what he thought were gold and diamonds
14Homework Assignment Choose ONE of the following: Option 1: Why was Cartier's exploration in North America important for France? Create a web diagram to illustrate your answer.Should have at least three main points with added detailsOption 2: Take on the role of Cartier as he raised the cross at Gaspé. Write a diary entry from his perspective on why he felt justified in raising it.Should be at least one paragraph (3-5 sentences)Option 3: Take the role of Donnacona as Cartier raised the cross at Gaspé. Write a response outlining why you felt justified in objecting to Cartier's action.