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UNIT 11 Relative clauses with participles. What are relative clauses?  Relative clauses are sentences with ‘who’, ‘which’, ‘that’, ‘where’, ‘when’, ‘whom’

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Presentation on theme: "UNIT 11 Relative clauses with participles. What are relative clauses?  Relative clauses are sentences with ‘who’, ‘which’, ‘that’, ‘where’, ‘when’, ‘whom’"— Presentation transcript:

1 UNIT 11 Relative clauses with participles

2 What are relative clauses?  Relative clauses are sentences with ‘who’, ‘which’, ‘that’, ‘where’, ‘when’, ‘whom’  For example:  Computers which are connected to a network  A modem that provides access to the internet  The teacher who taught us Maths

3 What are participles?  Participles are verb forms usually ending in -ed or –ing, and are used in some tenses or as adjectives  For example:  I’ve already eaten  He’s sleeping  A computer equipped with wireless NIC  A program helping you understand html

4 What are relative clauses with participles??  Sometimes in relative clauses we replace ‘who’ or ‘which’ with a participle.  For example:  Computers which are connected to a network can become:  Computers connected to a network  A program which helps you understand html can become:  A program helping you understand html

5 Passive participles  When we have a relative clause in passive voice we replace it with a passive participle (-ed):  A network printer which is connected to a print server becomes:  A network printer connected to a print server

6 Active participles  When we have a relative clause in the active voice, we can replace it with an active participle (-ing):  A modem which provides access the Internet becomes:  A modem providing access to the Internet

7 To sum up:  Active participles A LAN which links computers → A LAN linking computers An ADSL packet which offers great speeds → An ADSL packet offering great speeds  Passive participles Computers which are equipped with wireless modems → Computers equipped with wireless modems Devices that are linked by radio waves → Devices linked by radio waves


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