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An Overview of the Legal System of Hong Kong Speaker: Ludwig Ng ( )

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Presentation on theme: "An Overview of the Legal System of Hong Kong Speaker: Ludwig Ng ( )"— Presentation transcript:

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2 An Overview of the Legal System of Hong Kong Speaker: Ludwig Ng ( )

3 Some Philosophical Questions Why do we need a legal system? Whats a good legal system? Whats the relationship between democracy and a good legal system?

4 What constitutes a legal system? the Laws the Institutions the Personnel

5 Hierarchy of Laws The China Constitution The Basic Law Bills of Rights Ordinance Ordinances Subsidiary Legislation Case Law (judge-made law)

6 Classification of Laws

7 Criminal Law Civil Law

8 CRIMINAL LAW Offences against persons Offences against properties Regulatory offences Criminal procedures law Criminal evidence law

9 CIVIL LAW Contract sale of goods agency employment …

10 CIVIL LAW Torts negligence nuisance defamation ….

11 Property personal property real property intellectual properties

12 Inheritance Trusts Company law Insolvency law

13 CIVIL LAW Civil procedures law Civil evidence law

14 Institutions The Courts The Legislative Council The NPC Department of Justice Legal Aid Department

15 Institutions The Law Enforcement Agencies Police Customs ICAC Immigration Labour Department The Law Schools

16 The Court Hierarchy Court of Final Appeal Court of Appeal High Court – the jury District Court Magistracy Small Claims Tribunal Labour Tribunal Obscene Articles Tribunal

17 The Personnel The Lawyers solicitors barristers government lawyers In-house legal advisers the law professors

18 The Personnel The judges The legislators The law enforcers

19 Some practical questions Do we have a good legal systems? How could we make it better?

20 The End Thank you! Please clap hands


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