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THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 11 Gender, Age, and Health Section 1: Gender Section 2: Age and Disability.

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Presentation on theme: "THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 11 Gender, Age, and Health Section 1: Gender Section 2: Age and Disability."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 1 CHAPTER 11 Gender, Age, and Health Section 1: Gender Section 2: Age and Disability Section 3: Health

2 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 2 Objectives:  Analyze how gender roles affect the opportunities available to men and women in society.  Explain how gender roles are affected by socialization. Section 1: Gender

3 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 3 Gender Roles and Opportunities  Education – still gender distinctions in degree majors, fewer women pursuing doctoral or professional degrees, and less funding for women’s college athletics  Employment – still a wage gap and a glass ceiling for women  Politics – underrepresented in politics Section 1: Gender

4 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 4 Gender Roles and Socialization  In virtually all societies, gender socialization begins at birth and continues throughout life  Children learn American gender-role behaviors through socialization such as in the family or at school Section 1: Gender

5 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 5 Objectives:  Discuss the effect that the aging of the population is having on society.  Explain how the aging of the population is affecting the life chances of older Americans. Section 2: Age and Disability

6 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 6 The Aging World  Economic Effects – rising cost of health care, cost of Social Security; burden to family and younger workers; living longer in retirement  Political Effects – becoming a stronger political force; organized voting bloc, focusing on health care, retirement, and Social Security Section 2: Age and Disability

7 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 7 Aging and Life Changes of Older Americans  Some people claim that government transfer payments like Social Security have made older Americans financially secure at the expense of younger generations  Older Americans have to deal with poverty, disabilities, prejudice, and discrimination  Older Americans have become a political force and a topic of debate thus bringing greater attention to Social Security and Medicare Section 2: Age and Disability

8 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 8 Objectives:  Describe the state of health care in the United States.  Identify some of the special health-care concerns of various segments of American society. Section 3: Health

9 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 9 Health Care in the U.S.  Focuses on Two Main Issues:  Cost of Health Care – concern over the rapid rise in health care costs  Quality of Health Care – some believe that managed care has decreased the quality of health care  Access to Health Care – distribution of physicians, both geographically and within the medical profession, has limited accessibility to health care Section 3: Health

10 THE STUDY OF HUMAN RELATIONSHIPS SOCIOLOGY HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON 10 Health Care Concerns Today  Health Insurance – unequal health care exists between public and private insurance programs  Alternative Medicine – is a concern because there are few scientific studies on the effectiveness of alternative treatments  AIDS – has developed into one of the most serious public-health problems in the U.S. and around the world in just two decades Section 3: Health


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