Presentation on theme: "Antarctic automatic weather station 2010-11 field plans Jonathan Thom, Matthew Lazzara, George Weidner, Linda Keller, John Cassano."— Presentation transcript:
Antarctic automatic weather station field plans Jonathan Thom, Matthew Lazzara, George Weidner, Linda Keller, John Cassano
Outline Overview of the existing AWS array Changes during the next grant Field activities in AWS array changes in Technology changes Structural changes to the AWS Beyond field season
Current array stats ~60 stations Mix of AWS2B, CR10x, and CR1000 stations Varying wind systems Belforts aerovanes R. M. Young Wind Monitors Taylor High Wind speed systems Non-integrated add-ons (Acoustic Depth Gauges) Basically, nothing is consistent The transition to a consistent model is going to take awhile though
What are the major changes to the current array for the next grant? The array will become smaller. – 50 Argos transmitting stations – ~10 additional stations with different data collection systems Begin long process of standardizing the stations. Better management of our resources. Using “new” technologies to improve our stations. Testing of the new station to see how it behaves outside its specifications.
Field activities in Tall Tower West Antarctica CTAM South Pole McMurdo
Tall Tower ~32 m meteorological tower Located ~100 km from McMurdo on the South Pole Traverse Route Wind speed measured at eight levels, wind direction measured at four levels Temperature measurements at four levels RH at two levels Net radiation, snow accumulation Possible platform for new instrumentation to be added.
West Antarctica Siple Dome – Replace AWS with new electronics – Move site closer to skiway/camp Byrd – Replace Byrd with new CR1000 AWS (may run new station and old station together for a year) – Straighten tower – May move station closer to Byrd surface camp Install two new AWS at two fuel cache sites (I-157 and I-189) Removal of 2-3 sites. Targeted sites are: Brianna, Swithinbank, and Theresa or Harry.
CTAM Remove three megadunes sites and replace with a single CR1000 AWS. Install two new AWS near Sabrina site. Locations have yet to be determined. Service Sabrina AWS. Replace Lettau AWS
South Pole Remove Nico and Henry AWS Service radiation shield test facility. Upgrade program Swap out sensors Add new measurements – Wind speed – RH The more I think about this the more my head hurts.
McMurdo Service Carolyn, Cape Bird, Lorne, and any other sites that act up. Install new CR1000 AWS at Gill, Cape Bird, Ferrell and other sites if we have stations available. Install Freewave radios at possibly three AWS in McMurdo region (Minna Bluff, Willie Field, and Pegasus North). Remove Argos Transmitters from Mt. Friis and Mt Fleming (work done by Thomas Nylen with LTER) Remove Mulock AWS.
AWS array changes in Removal of up to 9 AWS. Installation at 5 new AWS locations – Two installed for Ross Ice Shelf Air Stream studies – Two installed to improve observations in West Antarctica – 1 installed to replace three AWS at Megadunes
Technology changes Beginning long process of transition to commercial datalogger (Campbell Scientific CR1000) from AWS2B Using radio telemetry for stations near McMurdo. Adding solar radiation and snow accumulation as standard for all new AWS. Using new R. M. Young Alpine Wind Monitor
Structural changes Changing boom structure for instrumentation Each sensor will now be connected to datalogger enclosure with its own plug. Using Gill plate radiation shields on all new installations. Would like sensor package not to be dependent on electronics (i. e. be able to easily swap in upgraded electronics in the future, not sure if this is feasible though.)
Acknowledgements National Science Foundation, Office of Polar Program, ANT