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Lori Peek, Ph.D. Department of Sociology and Center for Disaster and Risk Analysis Colorado State University.

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Presentation on theme: "Lori Peek, Ph.D. Department of Sociology and Center for Disaster and Risk Analysis Colorado State University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lori Peek, Ph.D. Department of Sociology and Center for Disaster and Risk Analysis Colorado State University

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6  A desire to help

7  A desire to give

8  A desire to help  A desire to give  A surge in patriotism

9  A desire to help  A desire to give  A surge in patriotism  A need to grieve  A need to stand together in solidarity

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13 1. Any sudden or violent reaction; specifically, a strong political or social reaction resulting from fear or resentment of a movement, candidate, ethnic group, etc. 2. An excessive and adverse societal and governmental reaction to a political or ideological crisis against a group or groups.

14 Scapegoating (stereotypes, prejudice, discrimination) State/Government Policies Hate Crimes, Bias Incidents

15  Unprecedented surge in anti-Muslim bias in the U.S.

16 Source: FBI Uniform Crime Report

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18 Source: Council on American-Islamic Relations

19  Why does backlash occur after certain crises, but not after others?  Why are only some individuals and groups singled out for mistreatment, while others are left alone?  What can the public and political response to 9/11 teach us about the processes that set blame assignment and backlash into motion?

20 Post-9/11 Backlash

21 Intentional Acts of Mass Violence

22 Post-9/11 Backlash Intentional Acts of Mass Violence

23 Magnitude of Losses Endured Post-9/11 Backlash 2,973 dead Widespread psychological trauma $80-$100 billion financial losses 75, ,000 jobs lost Thousands injured

24 Pre-9/11 Anti-Muslim Social and Political Context Intentional Acts of Mass Violence Magnitude of Losses Endured Post-9/11 Backlash

25  Persistently negative media representations

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27  Actual global increase in terrorist violence

28  Persistently negative media representations  Actual global increase in terrorist violence  Conflict in the Middle East

29 Pre-9/11 Anti-Muslim Social and Political Context Intentional Acts of Mass Violence Magnitude of Losses Endured Muslims as Dangerous and Threatening Outsiders Post-9/11 Backlash

30 Pre-9/11 Anti-Muslim Social and Political Context Intentional Acts of Mass Violence Magnitude of Losses Endured Muslims as Dangerous and Threatening Outsiders Post-9/11 Backlash  34% of Americans believe that Islam encourages violence  Nearly 60% of Americans believe that Muslims are prone to violent extremism  39% of Americans admit to feeling “some prejudice” against Muslims  22% of Americans would not want Muslims as neighbors

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32 Pre-9/11 Anti-Muslim Social and Political Context Intentional Acts of Mass Violence Magnitude of Losses Endured Muslims as Dangerous and Threatening Outsiders Identifiability of the Muslim Population Post-9/11 Backlash

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35 Pre-9/11 Anti-Muslim Social and Political Context Intentional Acts of Mass Violence Magnitude of Losses Endured Muslims as Dangerous and Threatening Outsiders Identifiability of the Muslim Population Relative Powerlessness of Muslims Post-9/11 Backlash

36 Pre-9/11 Anti-Muslim Social and Political Context Intentional Acts of Mass Violence Magnitude of Losses Endured Muslims as Dangerous and Threatening Outsiders Identifiability of the Muslim Population Relative Powerlessness of Muslims Post-9/11 Backlash

37 Pre-9/11 Anti-Muslim Social and Political Context Intentional Acts of Mass Violence Magnitude of Losses Endured Muslims as Dangerous and Threatening Outsiders Identifiability of the Muslim Population Relative Powerlessness of Muslims Post-9/11 Backlash

38  Gallup Polls of Americans:  % who have a negative view of Islam  14% (2001)  34% (2002)  46% (2006)  53% (2009)

39 Lori Peek


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