Presentation on theme: "Hoover Struggles with the Great Depression"— Presentation transcript:
1 Hoover Struggles with the Great Depression Ch. 22 sec. 3Hoover Struggles with the Great Depression
2 Facts about Herbert Hoover 1st president born west of the Mississippi River – from IowaOrphaned at young age“rags to riches” storyStanford UniversityMining Engineer
3 Herbert HooverElected President in 1928 – promised every American family would have “A chicken in every pot and two cars in every garage”.
4 Hoover’s reaction to stock market crash Hoover tries to reassure American publicWanted Americans to remain optimistic and go about business as usual
5 Hoover’s philosophy of government Man of strong principlesBelief in RUGGED INDIVIDUALISM – idea that people should succeed through their own efforts
6 Hoover reaction to depression Opposed any form of federal welfare or DIRECT relief (would weaken people’s self-respect)Individual charities and local organizations should provide reliefFederal gov’t should limit their role and not take too much power
7 Hoover Quote about Government “Every time we find solutions outside of government, we have not only strengthened character, but we have preserved our sense of real government.”
8 Hoover’s actionsAsked business leaders to work together to create solutions, avoid cutting wages or laying off employeesAsked private charities to help out moreNONE OF THESE SOLUTIONS WORKED
9 Public’s reaction to Hoover’s leadership Frustrated citizens create new terms:“Hoovervilles”“Hoover Blankets”“Hoover Flags”People blamed Hoover for their circumstances
10 Hoover starts to be more active… Creation of Boulder (Hoover Dam) – create jobsReconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) – provides $$$ to banks & businesses to pump $ into the system to “trickle down”
11 The Bonus Army1932 – over 10,000 veterans and families arrived in D.C. supporting a bonus bill to WWI veteransSenate voted down the bill, Hoover called on the marchers to leave but they stayedHoover finally sends a force of 1,000 soldiers in to remove the veterans: people gassed, shot and injured – most Americans stunned by the incident & Hoover’s image suffers more
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