4Absolute Monarchy!That’s right—an absolute monarchy is a type of Autocracy because there is ONE person who is in chargeThe king makes all of the rules and has no patience for the lowly citizensThe citizens have no way to participate in the government of an absolute monarchy
6A Dictatorship!Dictators are examples of Autocratic governments because they have complete control over their citizensThey usually use military force to boss the citizens aroundThe citizens cannot speak out against the dictator, or else…
7The 2 types of Autocracies are… Absolute MonarchiesDictatorships
8OligarchyThere’s only ONE type of oligarchy – you either have a group of people ruling the citizens, or you don’t.Easy enough, right??
9Democracy There are TWO types of Democratic governments in the world 1. Presidential 2. ParliamentarySounds easy enough. So if you have a president, you’re Presidential and if you have a parliament, you’re Parliamentary??Ehhh…not exactly. Let me explain…
10Parliamentary Democracy Citizens vote for members of the legislative branch, and then the legislature chooses the leaderThe citizens DO NOT get to directly choose the leaderThey have to vote on members of legislature first, and then those representatives choose the leaderHead of government and head of state are TWO different peopleExamples: United Kingdom, Germany, Canada, Australia
11PresidentialCitizens usually vote for members of the executive AND legislative branchCitizens directly vote for the leaderA single person is elected as the leaderThis person is both head of government (chief executive) and head of stateExamples: U.S.A., Russia, Mexico
12PresidentialUnique thing about this type: there’s a separation of powers between the branches of governmentThe leader is constitutionally independent of the legislatureExample: the leader does not make the laws, the legislature does
13Let’s Review…Parliamentary: Citizens do not vote directly for the leader. They vote on the legislature, then the legislature chooses the leader.Presidential: Citizens directly vote on the leader.Which would you prefer to participate in??
14Parliamentary System Presidential System ExecutiveExecutiveLegislatureSelectElectElectLegislatureElectCitizensCitizens
15Mascots!Your Task: Create a mascot that will go with the two ways that citizens can participate in Democratic governments, Parliamentary and Presidential.Fold your paper in half—on each side:Draw and color the mascot.Write a brief description of why the mascot was chosen.Your paper should look something like this…