We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
Published byJase Batts
Modified about 1 year ago
Chapter 11: Ecological and Neo-Evolutionary Approaches © 2014 Mark Moberg
Materialist theories in anthropology share an assumption that the features of cultural systems can be explained in terms of the material conditions of life, meaning those behaviors and technologies related to satisfying human subsistence needs. Materialists concur that a society’s “material base” ultimately affects the other, non-economic aspects of culture, such as its social structure and beliefs. Two broad types of materialism in anthropology: ecological approaches (including cultural ecology, human ecology, cultural materialism, and political ecology) and Marxism (including dialectical materialism and structural Marxism). Early materialists from the 1930s to 1960s avoided direct reference to the ideas of Marx due to political pressures of the time. Some politically active anthropologists were investigated by the FBI; some lost their jobs. Ecological approaches stem from geographical theories relating the region in which a culture is found to its subsistence practices. In American anthropology this eventually became the culture and food area concepts of the early 20th century. © 2014 Mark Moberg
In the late 1930s, Julian Steward developed the theory of cultural ecology, examining how a particular combination of subsistence technology and environmental characteristics result in distinct forms of social organization. Steward first applied his theory to hunter-gatherers, leading a longstanding view that sparsity of resources created major challenges to life. The Boasian perspective rejected cultural evolution, but by the 1940s Leslie White had once again introduced such notions into anthropology. By the 1960s, cultural evolution had been re-established as an accepted tenet: in addition to White, anthropologists Julian Steward, Marshall Sahlins, Elman Service, and Morton Fried all developed evolutionary theories. Since the advent of postmodernism, cultural evolution has been less widely accepted in cultural anthropology, but remains important in archaeology. © 2014 Mark Moberg
Our Origins Discovering Physical Anthropology First Edition Norton Media Library by Clark Spencer Larsen.
1 MSc in EFM – Management Week 1 Introduction to Organisation Theory.
SO4029 Sociology of the City Understanding Urban Development – Key Approaches.
Social Studies: Innovative Approaches for Teachers Chapter 1: Social Studies as a Canadian Discipline Learning Topics for Chapter 1 Examining the Role.
GLOBALIZATION OF ECONOMICS AND DEVELOPMENT Prof. Anna Nedyalkova DSc Eleonora Tankova PhD.
HUMANISTIC STUDY OF COMMUNICATION Intro. To Communication—Chapter 3 Dues Marilyn Shaw, Instructor.
Anthropology and Sociology of Development Anthropology, Development and Development Studies.
Politics and Development A-102 Development Studies-The State of the Discipline Dr. Taiabur Rahman Department of Development Studies University of Dhaka.
Karl Marx I: Historical Materialism. Key points of todays lectures (i): 1) Marx not a sociologist like Durkheim, but a revolutionary who wanted to radically.
Dr. Tanya Argounova-Low AT3018 Course coordinator.
The impact of culture on social, linguistic and culture interactions By: David Aguayo EDUC 604 Prof: E. Lugo.
Anthropology Introduction and Vocabulary What is Anthropology? Anthropology – is the social science that studies the origin of man and development of.
Dr. Tanya Argounova-Low, course coordinator The course. Continuation of the AT1002 Requirements: lectures, tutorials, TPG. Tutorials start week 3. Signing.
Cultural relativism is the anthropological principle stating that a person’s beliefs and activities must be understood in the local context of that person’s.
5 th Edition Copyright © Prentice Hall Psychology Stephen F. Davis Emporia State University Joseph J. Palladino University of Southern Indiana.
What is Organizational Behavior? The Organization as a Social System Roles of the Manager.
John English: The Second Time Around: Political Scientists Writing History What started the debate regarding political history in the 1960s? To some scholars,
1 Chapter 3 Culture. 2 The study of culture is basic to sociology. In this chapter we will examine the meaning of culture and society as well as the development.
10/12/2014 OEDOJO SOEDIRHAM HEALTH EDUCATION and HEALTH PROMOTION OEDOJO SOEDIRHAM DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH PROMOTION AND BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES.
Defining Organizational Behavior The field of organizational behavior traces its roots back to the late 1940s when researchers in psychology, sociology,
Social Research Methods: Revision Class 2 methods to cover: a) Visual Methods b) Historical Methods Summary of key areas, essential points, main approaches.
Chapter 4: Major Theories for Understanding Human Development.
Chapter 4: Theory & Approaches to Social Work.
History and Geography. Historians are people who study events in the past A) Using a Timeline Historians use a timeline or a line marked off with.
Race, Language and Culture My role is to introduce the biological aspect of the course. So, I will discuss: What is the nature of human races? Are there.
An Experiential Approach to Organization Development 7 th edition Chapter 1 Slide 1 Chapter 1 Organization Development and Reinventing the Organization.
Lecture 7 Body, Identity, Self and Other.. Key Issues. Social or biological bodies? Norbert Elias- The civilised body. Foucaults docile body. Mikhail.
A Broader Look. A New Approach to Poverty and Human Flourishing. Julio Boltvinik (2005)
REGIONAL STRATEGY BUILDING AND EVALUATING OPEN DAYS Brussels, 9 October 2007 Grzegorz Gorzelak Centre for European Regional and Local Studies (EUROREG)
© 2016 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.