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The Transition from Eli to Samuel

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1 The Transition from Eli to Samuel
8 The Transition from Eli to Samuel Eli was a Priest-Judge * Samuel was a Judge-Prophet Hannah had no children because the Lord had closed her womb. She was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the Lord and wept in anguish. Then she made a vow and said, "O Lord of hosts, if You will indeed look on the affliction of Your maidservant and remember me, and not forget Your maidservant, but will give Your maidservant a male child, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and no razor shall come upon his head. 1 Samuel 1:1-20 Now there was a certain man…of Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah … And he had two wives: the name of one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children. [3] This man went up from his city yearly to worship and sacrifice to the Lord of hosts in Shiloh. … And whenever the time came for Elkanah to make an offering, he would give portions to Peninnah his wife and to all her sons and daughters. [5] But to Hannah he would give a double portion, for he loved Hannah, although the Lord had closed her womb. [6] And her rival also provoked her severely, to make her miserable, because the Lord had closed her womb. [7] So it was, year by year, when she went up to the house of the Lord, that she provoked her; therefore she wept and did not eat. Then Elkanah her said to her, "Hannah, why do you weep? Why do you not eat? And why is your heart grieved? Am I not better to you than ten sons?" [9] So Hannah arose after they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh. Now Eli the priest was sitting on the seat by the doorpost of the tabernacle of the Lord. [10] And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the Lord and wept in anguish. [11] Then she made a vow and said, "O Lord of hosts, if You will indeed look on the affliction of Your maidservant and remember me, and not forget Your maidservant, but will give Your maidservant a male child, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and no razor shall come upon his head." [12] And it happened, as she continued praying before the Lord, that Eli watched her mouth. [13] Now Hannah spoke in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard. Therefore Eli thought she was drunk. [14] So Eli said to her, "How long will you be drunk? Put your wine away from you!" [15] And Hannah answered and said, "No, my lord, I am a woman of sorrowful spirit. I have drunk neither wine nor intoxicating drink, but have poured out my soul before the Lord. [16] Do not consider your maidservant a wicked woman, for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief I have spoken until now." [17] Then Eli answered and said, "Go in peace, and the God of Israel grant your petition which you have asked of Him." [18] And she said, "Let your maidservant find favor in your sight." So the woman went her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad. [19] Then they rose early in the morning and worshiped before the Lord, and returned and came to their house at Ramah. And Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and the Lord remembered her. [20] So it came to pass in the process of time that Hannah conceived and bore a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, "Because I have asked for him from the Lord."

2 The Transition from Eli to Samuel
8 The Transition from Eli to Samuel … then Eli answered, “Go in peace; and may the God Israel grant your petition that you have asked of Him.” In due time, after Hannah had conceived, she gave birth to a son;’ and she named him Samuel.” *Every time God wants to do something new, what does He do? 1 Samuel 1:1-20 Now there was a certain man…of Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah … And he had two wives: the name of one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children. [3] This man went up from his city yearly to worship and sacrifice to the Lord of hosts in Shiloh. … And whenever the time came for Elkanah to make an offering, he would give portions to Peninnah his wife and to all her sons and daughters. [5] But to Hannah he would give a double portion, for he loved Hannah, although the Lord had closed her womb. [6] And her rival also provoked her severely, to make her miserable, because the Lord had closed her womb. [7] So it was, year by year, when she went up to the house of the Lord, that she provoked her; therefore she wept and did not eat. Then Elkanah her said to her, "Hannah, why do you weep? Why do you not eat? And why is your heart grieved? Am I not better to you than ten sons?" [9] So Hannah arose after they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh. Now Eli the priest was sitting on the seat by the doorpost of the tabernacle of the Lord. [10] And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the Lord and wept in anguish. [11] Then she made a vow and said, "O Lord of hosts, if You will indeed look on the affliction of Your maidservant and remember me, and not forget Your maidservant, but will give Your maidservant a male child, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and no razor shall come upon his head." [12] And it happened, as she continued praying before the Lord, that Eli watched her mouth. [13] Now Hannah spoke in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard. Therefore Eli thought she was drunk. [14] So Eli said to her, "How long will you be drunk? Put your wine away from you!" [15] And Hannah answered and said, "No, my lord, I am a woman of sorrowful spirit. I have drunk neither wine nor intoxicating drink, but have poured out my soul before the Lord. [16] Do not consider your maidservant a wicked woman, for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief I have spoken until now." [17] Then Eli answered and said, "Go in peace, and the God of Israel grant your petition which you have asked of Him." [18] And she said, "Let your maidservant find favor in your sight." So the woman went her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad. [19] Then they rose early in the morning and worshiped before the Lord, and returned and came to their house at Ramah. And Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and the Lord remembered her. [20] So it came to pass in the process of time that Hannah conceived and bore a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, "Because I have asked for him from the Lord."

3 The Transition from Eli to Samuel
8 The Transition from Eli to Samuel He raises up a faithful servant. 1 Samuel 1:1-20 Now there was a certain man…of Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah … And he had two wives: the name of one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children. [3] This man went up from his city yearly to worship and sacrifice to the Lord of hosts in Shiloh. … And whenever the time came for Elkanah to make an offering, he would give portions to Peninnah his wife and to all her sons and daughters. [5] But to Hannah he would give a double portion, for he loved Hannah, although the Lord had closed her womb. [6] And her rival also provoked her severely, to make her miserable, because the Lord had closed her womb. [7] So it was, year by year, when she went up to the house of the Lord, that she provoked her; therefore she wept and did not eat. Then Elkanah her said to her, "Hannah, why do you weep? Why do you not eat? And why is your heart grieved? Am I not better to you than ten sons?" [9] So Hannah arose after they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh. Now Eli the priest was sitting on the seat by the doorpost of the tabernacle of the Lord. [10] And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the Lord and wept in anguish. [11] Then she made a vow and said, "O Lord of hosts, if You will indeed look on the affliction of Your maidservant and remember me, and not forget Your maidservant, but will give Your maidservant a male child, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and no razor shall come upon his head." [12] And it happened, as she continued praying before the Lord, that Eli watched her mouth. [13] Now Hannah spoke in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard. Therefore Eli thought she was drunk. [14] So Eli said to her, "How long will you be drunk? Put your wine away from you!" [15] And Hannah answered and said, "No, my lord, I am a woman of sorrowful spirit. I have drunk neither wine nor intoxicating drink, but have poured out my soul before the Lord. [16] Do not consider your maidservant a wicked woman, for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief I have spoken until now." [17] Then Eli answered and said, "Go in peace, and the God of Israel grant your petition which you have asked of Him." [18] And she said, "Let your maidservant find favor in your sight." So the woman went her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad. [19] Then they rose early in the morning and worshiped before the Lord, and returned and came to their house at Ramah. And Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and the Lord remembered her. [20] So it came to pass in the process of time that Hannah conceived and bore a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, "Because I have asked for him from the Lord."

4 The Transition from Eli to Samuel
8 The Transition from Eli to Samuel Due to a lack of godly men at this time... The Word of the LORD was rare in those days (1Sam.3:1) “But I will raise up for Myself a faithful priest who will do according to what is in My heart and in My soul…” (1Sam.2:35) 1 Samuel 1:1-20 Now there was a certain man…of Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah … And he had two wives: the name of one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children. [3] This man went up from his city yearly to worship and sacrifice to the Lord of hosts in Shiloh. … And whenever the time came for Elkanah to make an offering, he would give portions to Peninnah his wife and to all her sons and daughters. [5] But to Hannah he would give a double portion, for he loved Hannah, although the Lord had closed her womb. [6] And her rival also provoked her severely, to make her miserable, because the Lord had closed her womb. [7] So it was, year by year, when she went up to the house of the Lord, that she provoked her; therefore she wept and did not eat. Then Elkanah her said to her, "Hannah, why do you weep? Why do you not eat? And why is your heart grieved? Am I not better to you than ten sons?" [9] So Hannah arose after they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh. Now Eli the priest was sitting on the seat by the doorpost of the tabernacle of the Lord. [10] And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the Lord and wept in anguish. [11] Then she made a vow and said, "O Lord of hosts, if You will indeed look on the affliction of Your maidservant and remember me, and not forget Your maidservant, but will give Your maidservant a male child, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and no razor shall come upon his head." [12] And it happened, as she continued praying before the Lord, that Eli watched her mouth. [13] Now Hannah spoke in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard. Therefore Eli thought she was drunk. [14] So Eli said to her, "How long will you be drunk? Put your wine away from you!" [15] And Hannah answered and said, "No, my lord, I am a woman of sorrowful spirit. I have drunk neither wine nor intoxicating drink, but have poured out my soul before the Lord. [16] Do not consider your maidservant a wicked woman, for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief I have spoken until now." [17] Then Eli answered and said, "Go in peace, and the God of Israel grant your petition which you have asked of Him." [18] And she said, "Let your maidservant find favor in your sight." So the woman went her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad. [19] Then they rose early in the morning and worshiped before the Lord, and returned and came to their house at Ramah. And Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and the Lord remembered her. [20] So it came to pass in the process of time that Hannah conceived and bore a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, "Because I have asked for him from the Lord."

5 8 The Transition The Call of Samuel
The Lord called Samuel…“Samuel! Samuel!” And Samuel said, “Speak, for Thy servant is listening.” The great difficulty that God faces is in obtaining an available, empty, vessel. Get to the end of your bad-self and your good-self, your guilty-self and righteous-self, and find that God’s fullness waits on an… Empty Vessel “The LORD was with Samuel and let none of his words fail. Samuel was confirmed as a prophet of the LORD” (1Sam.3) 1 Samuel 1:1-20 Now there was a certain man…of Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah … And he had two wives: the name of one was Hannah, and the name of the other Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children. [3] This man went up from his city yearly to worship and sacrifice to the Lord of hosts in Shiloh. … And whenever the time came for Elkanah to make an offering, he would give portions to Peninnah his wife and to all her sons and daughters. [5] But to Hannah he would give a double portion, for he loved Hannah, although the Lord had closed her womb. [6] And her rival also provoked her severely, to make her miserable, because the Lord had closed her womb. [7] So it was, year by year, when she went up to the house of the Lord, that she provoked her; therefore she wept and did not eat. Then Elkanah her said to her, "Hannah, why do you weep? Why do you not eat? And why is your heart grieved? Am I not better to you than ten sons?" [9] So Hannah arose after they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh. Now Eli the priest was sitting on the seat by the doorpost of the tabernacle of the Lord. [10] And she was in bitterness of soul, and prayed to the Lord and wept in anguish. [11] Then she made a vow and said, "O Lord of hosts, if You will indeed look on the affliction of Your maidservant and remember me, and not forget Your maidservant, but will give Your maidservant a male child, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and no razor shall come upon his head." [12] And it happened, as she continued praying before the Lord, that Eli watched her mouth. [13] Now Hannah spoke in her heart; only her lips moved, but her voice was not heard. Therefore Eli thought she was drunk. [14] So Eli said to her, "How long will you be drunk? Put your wine away from you!" [15] And Hannah answered and said, "No, my lord, I am a woman of sorrowful spirit. I have drunk neither wine nor intoxicating drink, but have poured out my soul before the Lord. [16] Do not consider your maidservant a wicked woman, for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief I have spoken until now." [17] Then Eli answered and said, "Go in peace, and the God of Israel grant your petition which you have asked of Him." [18] And she said, "Let your maidservant find favor in your sight." So the woman went her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad. [19] Then they rose early in the morning and worshiped before the Lord, and returned and came to their house at Ramah. And Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and the Lord remembered her. [20] So it came to pass in the process of time that Hannah conceived and bore a son, and called his name Samuel, saying, "Because I have asked for him from the Lord."

6 Scene 9 Samuel, the Prophet (1Samuel 1-7)
Samuel established as a Prophet (1 Samuel 3:19-21) God was establishing a channel through which He could speak. God spoke directly to Samuel. He was the first of the Prophets, the last of the Judges. Samuel was established as a Judge (1 Samuel 7:12-17) He united Israel for the first time since Joshua died. He rebuilt the Nation both politically and spiritually. God now had a channel through which He could speak.

7 Samuel A Prophet-Judge
His influence was not in military exploits, nor in diplomatic skill, nor in political shrewdness, but in unswerving integrity and Loyalty to God. Samuel will oversee the incoming of the Theocracy/Monarchy.

8 At this time Israel experienced Revival: What brought it about?
9 At this time Israel experienced Revival: What brought it about? A praying mother A chastened people who sensed their need A faithful prophet

9 Monarchy 1 Samuel 8-31 – The Reign of Saul
Scene 10 Monarchy Samuel 8-31 – The Reign of Saul

10 1 Samuel 8-31 – The Reign of Saul
Scene 10 The People Cried out… “set a king over us!” 1 Samuel 8-31 – The Reign of Saul

11 10 Israel Demands a King Then all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah, and said to him, "Look, you are old, and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now make us a king to judge us like all the nations." 1 Samuel 8:4-5

12 What is wrong with this demand?
10 Israel Demands a King They wanted a monarch like the surrounding nations A Monarchy leaves God out. Monarchy: Man does it Theocracy: God does it What is wrong with this demand?

13 God Gives Them Saul 1 Samuel 9-12
And when Samuel saw Saul, the Lord said to him, "There he is, the man of whom I spoke to you. This one shall reign over My people.”

14 God Gives Them Saul 1 Samuel 9-12 Samuel addresses the congregation
“You today rejected your God, who delivers you from all your calamities and your distresses; yet you have said, ‘No, but set a king over us!”… “When you saw the king of the sons of Ammon, you said to me, ‘No, but a king shall reign over us,’ although the LORD your God was your king.

15 God Gives Them Saul 1 Samuel 9-12
Now therefore, here is the king whom you have chosen, whom you have asked for, and behold, the LORD has set a king over you” (1Sam.10:19; 12:12)

16 God’s Conditions for Kingship (Dt.17:14-20)
10 God’s Conditions for Kingship (Dt.17:14-20) “Set a king over you whom the Lord your God chooses … you may not put a foreigner over yourselves … moreover, he shall not multiply horses for himself, nor shall he cause the people to return to Egypt to multiply horses, since the Lord has said to you, “You shall never again return that way.” Neither shall he multiply wives for himself, lest his heart turn away; nor shall he greatly increase silver and gold for himself.” He shall write for himself a copy of this law on a scroll in the presence of the Levitical priests. And it shall be with him, and he shall read it all the days of his life, that he may learn to fear the Lord his God, by carefully observing all the words of this law and these statutes, that his heart may not be lifted up above his countrymen and that he may not turn aside from the commandment, to the right or to the left.”

17 Saul’s First Failure is Pride.
10 Saul’s First Failure is Pride. 1 Samuel 13 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. And they came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of Beth Aven. Then Saul waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him. 1 Samuel 13:5-8 Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel…and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. And they came up and encamped in Michmash…When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger…then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.

18 Saul’s First Failure is Pride.
10 Saul’s First Failure is Pride. 1 Samuel 13 So Saul said, “Bring to me the burnt offering and the peace offerings .” And he offered the burnt offering … Now it happened, as soon as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, that Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him. And Samuel said, "What have you done?" 1 Samuel 13:5-8 Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel…and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. And they came up and encamped in Michmash…When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger…then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.

19 Saul’s First Failure is Pride.
10 Saul’s First Failure is Pride. And Saul said, "When I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that you did not come within the days appointed… then I said, 'The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the Lord.' Therefore I felt compelled, and offered a burnt offering." 1 Samuel 13:5-8 Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel…and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. And they came up and encamped in Michmash…When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger…then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.

20 Saul’s First Failure is Pride.
10 Saul’s First Failure is Pride. 1 Samuel 13 And Samuel said to Saul, "You have done foolishly. You have not kept the commandment of the Lord your God, which He commanded you. For now the Lord would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. But now your kingdom shall not continue. The Lord has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the Lord has commanded him to be commander over His people, because you have not kept what the Lord commanded you." 1 Samuel 13:5-8 Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel…and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. And they came up and encamped in Michmash…When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger…then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.

21 Saul’s Continued Failure. Incomplete Obedience
10 Saul’s Continued Failure. Incomplete Obedience 1 Samuel 15 Now Samuel said to Saul, “Thus saith the Lord, go and attack Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and do not spare them. But Saul and the people spared Agag and the best of the sheep, the oxen, and all that was good, and were unwilling to utterly destroy them. But everything despised and worthless, that they utterly destroyed. 1 Samuel 13:5-8 Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel…and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. And they came up and encamped in Michmash…When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger…then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.

22 Saul’s Continued Failure. Incomplete Obedience
10 Saul’s Continued Failure. Incomplete Obedience 1 Samuel 15 Now the word of the Lord came to Samuel, saying, "I greatly regret that I have set up Saul as king, for he has turned back from following Me, and has not performed My commandments." And it grieved Samuel and he cried out to the Lord all that night. 1 Samuel 13:5-8 Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel…and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. And they came up and encamped in Michmash…When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger…then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.

23 Saul’s Continued Failure. Incomplete Obedience
10 Saul’s Continued Failure. Incomplete Obedience 1 Samuel 15 Then Samuel went to Saul, and Saul said to him, "Blessed are you of the Lord! I have performed the commandment of the Lord." But Samuel said, "What then is this bleating of the sheep in my ears, and the lowing of the oxen which I hear?" And Saul said, “The people spared the best of the sheep and the oxen, to sacrifice to the Lord your God; and the rest we have utterly destroyed." Then Samuel said to Saul, "Be quiet! And I will tell you what the Lord said to me last night." 1 Samuel 13:5-8 Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel…and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. And they came up and encamped in Michmash…When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger…then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.

24 Saul’s Continued Failure. Incomplete Obedience
10 Saul’s Continued Failure. Incomplete Obedience 1 Samuel 15 So Samuel said, "When you were little in your own eyes, were you not head of the tribes of Israel? And did not the Lord anoint you king over Israel? Now, the Lord sent you on a mission, and said, 'Go, and utterly destroy the sinners, the Amalekites, and fight against them until they are consumed.' Why then did you not obey the voice of the Lord? Why did you swoop down on the spoil, and do evil in the sight of the Lord?" 1 Samuel 13:5-8 Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel…and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. And they came up and encamped in Michmash…When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger…then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.

25 Saul’s Continued Failure. Incomplete Obedience
10 Saul’s Continued Failure. Incomplete Obedience 1 Samuel 15 So Samuel said: "Has the Lord as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, As in obeying the voice of the Lord? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice, And to heed than the fat of rams. For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, And stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of the Lord,He also has rejected you from being king." Then Saul said to Samuel, "I have sinned, for I have transgressed the commandment of the Lord and your words, because I feared the people and obeyed their voice. 1 Samuel 13:5-8 Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel…and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. And they came up and encamped in Michmash…When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger…then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.

26 Saul’s Continued Failure. Incomplete Obedience
10 Saul’s Continued Failure. Incomplete Obedience 1 Samuel 15 But Samuel said to Saul, "you have rejected the word of the Lord, and the Lord has rejected you from being king over Israel." And as Samuel turned around to go away, Saul seized the edge of his robe, and it tore. So Samuel said to him, "The Lord has torn the kingdom of Israel from you today, and has given it to a neighbor of yours, who is better than you. 1 Samuel 13:5-8 Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel…and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. And they came up and encamped in Michmash…When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger…then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him.

27 David

28 I have selected a king for Myself
1Samuel 16 Now the Lord said to Samuel, "How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go; I am sending you to Jesse the Bethlehemite. For I have provided Myself a king among his sons.

29 I have selected a king for Myself
1 Samuel 16 "Take a heifer with you, and say, 'I have come to sacrifice to the Lord.' Then invite Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show you what you shall do; you shall anoint for Me the one I name to you.“ So Samuel did what the Lord said, and went to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, "Do you come peaceably?"

30 I have selected a king for Myself
1 Samuel 16 So it was, when they came, that he looked at Eliab and said, "Surely the Lord's anointed is before Him.” But the Lord said to Samuel, "Do not look at his appearance or at the height of his stature, because I have refused him. For the Lord does not see as man sees; for man looks at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart."

31 I have selected a king for Myself
1 Samuel 16 Thus Jesse made seven of his sons pass before Samuel. And Samuel said to Jesse, "The Lord has not chosen these.“ And Samuel said to Jesse, "Are all the young men here?" Then he said, "There remains yet the youngest, and there he is, keeping the sheep." And Samuel said to Jesse, "Send and bring him. For we will not sit down till he comes here."So he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, with bright eyes, and good-looking. And the Lord said, "Arise, anoint him; for this is the one!" Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers; and the Spirit of the Lord came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel arose and went to Ramah.

32 David’s Early Years Though David has been anointed king by the Lord, Saul is still on the throne. David begins to serve in Saul’s army as a result of defeating Goliath. David went out wherever Saul sent him, and behaved wisely. And Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight of all the people and also in the sight of Saul's servants. David became so prosperous that Saul envied him and tried to kill him.

33 David’s Early Years David was forced to flee from Saul and live out in the wilderness, waiting on God to fulfill His word. David's wilderness experience lasts for some 14 years. During this time David is continually chased by Saul over the wilderness. Finally Saul is killed in battle with the Philistines.

34 David Takes The Throne 2Samuel 2
It happened after this that David inquired of the Lord, saying, "Shall I go up to any of the cities of Judah?" And the Lord said to him, "Go up." David said, "Where shall I go up?" And He said, "To Hebron." So David went up there, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the widow of Nabal the Carmelite. And David brought up the men who were with him, every man with his household. So they dwelt in the cities of Hebron. Then the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah.

35 David is made king over all Israel 2 Samuel 5
11 David is made king over all Israel Samuel 5 Then all the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and spoke, saying, "Indeed we are your bone and your flesh. Also, in time past, when Saul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel out and brought them in; and the Lord said to you, 'You shall shepherd My people Israel, and be ruler over Israel.' " Therefore all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and King David made a covenant with them at Hebron before the Lord. And they anointed David king over Israel.

36 David is made king over all Israel 2 Samuel 5
11 David is made king over all Israel Samuel 5 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty-three years over all Israel and Judah.

37 Theocracy 2 Samuel-2 Kings 10 (The Reigns of David and Solomon)
Scene 11 Theocracy Samuel-2 Kings (The Reigns of David and Solomon) Theocracy: A theocracy can be God ruling the nation through a man. This may have been the only one that has ever existed.

38 11 How a Theocracy works David inquired of the LORD (23:1) David said, Bring me the ephod and David inquired of the LORD (30:7) (2Sam.2:1; 5:19) David the king went in and sat before the LORD (7:18) “David inquired of the LORD, saying, “Shall I go up to one of the cities of Judah?” And the LORD said to him, “Go up.” So David said, “Where shall I go up?” And the LORD said,“ To Hebron.” 2 Samuel 2:1

39 God’s Covenant with David is Pivotal (2 Sam.7)
God chooses one family out of one nation to establish the throne of His kingdom forever. I will raise up your descendant after you, who will come forth from you, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. And your house and your kingdom shall endure before Me for ever.

40 God’s Covenant with David is Fulfilled in Christ Luke 1:31-33
Behold, you will conceive in your womb, and bear a son, and you shall name Him Jesus. He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David; and He will reign over the house of Jacob forever; and His kingdom will have no end.

41 David’s Sin 11 Adultery 2 Samuel 11:1-5 Murder 2 Samuel 11:14-15
David’s Repentance Samuel 12:13-14 Compare to Saul’s Repentance: 1 Samuel 15:24-31 Godly grief as opposed to worldly grief: Corinthians 7:10 David’s Psalms of repentance: Psalms 32 & 51 2 Samuel 11:1-5 It happened in the spring of the year, at the time when kings go out to battle, that David sent Joab and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the people of Ammon and besieged Rabbah. But David remained at Jerusalem. [2] Then it happened one evening that David arose from his bed and walked on the roof of the king's house. And from the roof he saw a woman bathing, and the woman was very beautiful to behold. [3] So David sent and inquired about the woman. And someone said, "Is this not Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?" [4] Then David sent messengers, and took her; and she came to him, and he lay with her… and she returned to her house. [5] And the woman conceived; so she sent and told David, and said, "I am with child." 2 Samuel 11:14-15 In the morning it happened that David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it by the hand of Uriah. [15] And he wrote in the letter, saying, "Set Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle, and retreat from him, that he may be struck down and die." 2 Samuel 12:13-14 So David said to Nathan, "I have sinned against the Lord." And Nathan said to David, "The Lord also has put away your sin; you shall not die. [14] However, because by this deed you have given great occasion to the enemies of the Lord to blaspheme, the child also who is born to you shall surely die." 2 Cor. 7:10 For godly sorrow produces repentance leading to salvation, not to be regretted; but the sorrow of the world produces death.

42 Psalm 32 When I kept silent about my sin, my body wasted away through my groaning all day long … my vitality was drained … I acknowledged my sin to Thee … and Thou didst forgive the guilt of my sin … Thou dost surround me with songs of deliverance … How blessed is he whose transgression is forgiven, whose sin is covered! How blessed is the man to whom the LORD does not impute iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no deceit!

43 Psalm 51 The Character of God is our only Hope
Be gracious to me, O God, according to Thy loving-kindness; according to the greatness of Thy compassion blot out my transgressions … against Thee only, I have sinned … Wash me … Cleanse me … Purify me … Hide Thy face from my sins, and blot out all my iniquities … Create in me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within me.

44 Godly Sorrow Produces Repentance
2 Cor. 7:9-11 Now I rejoice, not that you were made sorry, but that your sorrow led to repentance. For you were made sorry in a godly manner… For godly sorrow produces repentance leading to salvation, not to be regretted; but the sorrow of the world produces death. For observe this very thing, that you sorrowed in a godly manner: What diligence it produced in you, what clearing of yourselves, what indignation, what fear, what vehement desire, what zeal, what vindication! In all things you proved yourselves to be clear in this matter.

45 The Irrevocable Consequences of Sin
11 The Irrevocable Consequences of Sin “However, because by this deed you have given great occasion to the enemies of the LORD to blaspheme, the child also who is born to you shall surely die.” Samuel 12:14

46 Solomon is Born Sam.12:24 Then David comforted his wife Bathsheba, and went in to her and lay with her; and she gave birth to a son, and he named him Solomon. Now the LORD loved him, and sent word through Nathan the prophet, and he named him Jedidiah for the LORD’s sake.

47 Highlights on the life of David.
11 Highlights on the life of David. David is anointed to be king by Samuel. 1sam 16. David defeats Goliath. 1Sam 17. David’s friendship with Jonathan. 1Sam David serves in Saul’s army. 1Sam 18. David flees from Saul to spend the next 7 yrs in the desert. 1Sam David begins to reign over Judah in Hebron. 2Sam 1.

48 Highlights on the life of David.
11 Highlights on the life of David. David is anointed to reign as king over all Israel. 2Sam 5 David successfully bring the Ark into Jerusalem. 2Sam 6 David desires to build a house for the Lord. 2Sam 7 God promises to bring the Messiah through the line of David. 2Sam 7 David is used mightily by God to rule the Nation. 2Sam 5-11 David and Bathsheba begat Solomon 2 Sam.12

49 11 The Reign of Solomon

50 Solomon – Peace and Prosperity
11 Solomon – Peace and Prosperity Solomon appointed by David Kings 1:28-31 Solomon’s request for wisdom Kings 3:7-14 Solomon will build the Temple Kings 5:3-5 Solomon, like his father David, was a prolific writer He wrote 1,005 songs and 3,000 proverbs (900 in the Bible).

51 Solomon – Peace and Prosperity
11 Solomon – Peace and Prosperity Solomon’s request for wisdom Kings 3 At Gibeon the Lord appeared to Solomon in a dream by night; and God said, "Ask! What shall I give you?" And Solomon said: "You have shown great mercy to Your servant David my father, because he walked before You in truth…and in uprightness of heart with You… Now, O Lord my God, You have made Your servant king instead of my father David, but I am a little child; I do not know how to go out or come in.

52 Solomon – Peace and Prosperity
11 Solomon – Peace and Prosperity Solomon’s request for wisdom And Your servant is in the midst of Your people whom You have chosen, a great people, too numerous to be numbered or counted. Therefore give to Your servant an understanding heart to judge Your people, that I may discern between good and evil. For who is able to judge this great people of Yours?" It pleased the Lord, that Solomon had asked this thing.

53 Solomon – Peace and Prosperity
11 Solomon – Peace and Prosperity Solomon’s request for wisdom Then God said to him: "Because you have asked this thing, and have not asked long life for yourself, nor have asked riches for yourself, nor have asked the life of your enemies, but have asked for yourself understanding to discern justice, behold, I have done according to your words; see, I have given you a wise and understanding heart, so that there has not been anyone like you before you, nor shall any like you arise after you.

54 Solomon – Peace and Prosperity
11 Solomon – Peace and Prosperity Solomon’s request for wisdom And I have also given you what you have not asked: both riches and honor, so that there shall not be anyone like you among the kings all your days. So if you walk in My ways, to keep My statutes and My commandments, as your father David walked, then I will lengthen your days."

55 Solomon Begins To Build The Temple
11 Solomon Begins To Build The Temple 1 Kings And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel had come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the second month, that he began to build the house of the Lord.

56 11 In the eleventh year, in the eighth month, the Temple was finished in all its details and according to all its plans. Solomon was seven years in building it.

57 The glory of the Lord fills Solomon’s Temple. 1 Kings 8:10-13
11 The glory of the Lord fills Solomon’s Temple Kings 8:10-13 And it came about when the priests came from the holy place, that the cloud filled the house of the LORD, so that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud, for the glory of the LORD filled the house of the LORD.

58 The Queen of Sheba Visits Solomon
11 The Queen of Sheba Visits Solomon The Queen of Sheba verified the reality of God’s blessing on Israel. 1 Kings 10:6-9 Behold, the half was not told me. You exceed in wisdom and prosperity the report I heard. 1 Kings 10:6-9 Then she said to the king: "It was a true report which I heard in my own land about your words and your wisdom. [7] However I did not believe the words until I came and saw with my own eyes; and indeed the half was not told me. Your wisdom and prosperity exceed the fame of which I heard. [8] Happy are your men and happy are these your servants, who stand continually before you and hear your wisdom! [9] Blessed be the Lord your God, who delighted in you, setting you on the throne of Israel! Because the Lord has loved Israel forever, therefore He made you king, to do justice and righteousness."

59 11 Solomon’s Excellence 1 Kings All King Solomon's drinking vessels were gold, and all the vessels of the House of the Forest of Lebanon were pure gold. Not one was silver, for this was accounted as nothing in the days of Solomon. For the king had merchant ships at sea... Once every three years the merchant ships came bringing gold, silver, ivory, apes, and monkeys. So King Solomon surpassed all the kings of the earth in riches and wisdom.

60 Solomon excelled all the kings of the earth. 1Kings 10
11 Solomon’s Excellence Solomon excelled all the kings of the earth Kings 10 Solomon became greater than all the kings of the earth in riches and in wisdom. All the earth was seeking the presence of Solomon, to hear his wisdom which God had put in his heart. They brought every man his gift, silver and gold, garments, weapons, spices, horses … so much year by year … and the king made silver as common as stones in Jerusalem.

61 Act I Ends on a Glorious note:
11 Act I Ends on a Glorious note: Israel is a Theocratic Nation: God ruling His people. God’s Temple of God is in Jerusalem. Israel is at its highest glory.

62 Solomon Turns from God I Kings 11
But King Solomon loved many foreign women, as well as the daughter of Pharaoh: women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Sidonians, and Hittites-- from the nations of whom the Lord had said to the children of Israel, "You shall not intermarry with them, nor they with you. Surely they will turn away your hearts after their gods." Solomon clung to these in love. And he had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines; and his wives turned away his heart.

63 Solomon Turns from God I Kings 11
It came about when Solomon was old, his wives turned his heart away after other gods; and his heart was not wholly devoted to the LORD his God, as the heart of David his father had been. Solomon went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Sidonians and after Milcom the detestable idol of the Ammorites. Then Solomon built a high place for Chemosh … and for Molech … thus also he did for all his foreign wives, who burned incense and sacrificed to their gods.

64 The LORD was Angry I Kings 11:13
So the LORD said to Solomon, Because you have done this … I will surely tear the kingdom from you … Nevertheless I will not do it in your days for the sake of your father David … However, I will not tear away all the kingdom, but I will give one tribe to your son for the sake of My servant David and for the sake of Jerusalem which I have chosen.

65 11 Solomon – In Review The Temple of Solomon is constructed. 1Kings 5-7 Solomon prays to dedicate the temple. 1Kings 8 Solomon multiplies wealth. 1Kings 10 Solomon intermarries with foreign women. 1Kings 11 Chastening of Solomon. 1Kings 11


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