Presentation on theme: "The Mosaic Covenant (The Law)"— Presentation transcript:
1The Mosaic Covenant (The Law) Exodus 19-40, Leviticus, Deuteronomy.The second major time God spoke.430 years after the Abrahamic Covenant
2The NeedThe people must be told what God wants them to know, and what He expects them to do.God made man with very few instincts, (built-in behavior patterns).However, man is a learner.Jesus said take My yoke and learn of Me. Matthew 11:29The need is critical: God has a multitude of people on their way to the Land, and they need direction for their lives.
3“This is what I’d like you to be.” The NeedBy the introducing the law, God is saying,“This is what I’d like you to be.”People, including Christians, tend to have a bad taste for the law, this is probably because they do not understand the purpose for which God gave it.
4The ContentThere are two great areas of truth about the law that God wants them to learn.The Moral Law - The Ten Commandments Exodus 20The Ceremonial Law - How to worship and approach God.
5And God spoke all these words, saying: The ContentThe Moral Law - The Ten Commandments Exodus 20And God spoke all these words, saying:"I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
6"You shall have no other gods before Me. Commandment #1"You shall have no other gods before Me.Commandment #2"You shall not make for yourself a carved image -- any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them.For I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My commandments.
7Commandment #3"You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain.
8"Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Commandment #4"Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the LORD your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates.For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.
9Commandment #5"Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long upon the land which the LORD your God is giving you.
10"You shall not commit adultery. "You shall not steal. Commandment #6-10"You shall not murder."You shall not commit adultery."You shall not steal."You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor."You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor's."
11What makes an issue moral? The Moral LawHow they are to live, act, and respond This covers every aspect of life.Man needs to learn to act like God This deals with man’s moral character.“Say to all the congregation of the people of Israel, ‘You shall be holy, for I the Lord your God, am holy.’” Leviticus 19:2What makes an issue moral?
12An issue is moral because of God’s own personal opinion concerning it. God’s morals are consistent.God’s moral opinion does not change.If something is wrong, then it is always wrong. If something is right, then it is always right.
13The Ceremonial Law Deut 4:5-9 "Surely I have taught you statutes and judgments … Therefore be careful to observe them; for this is your wisdom … "For what great nation is there that has God so near to it, as the LORD our God is to us … And what great nation is there that has such statutes and righteous judgments as are in all this law which I set before you this day?
14The Place Of Worship The Tabernacle - Exodus 24-27 The Priesthood Exodus 28-29The Sacrifices – Leviticus 1-7This section deals with God meeting, speaking, and dwelling with his people.
15And let them make Me a sanctuary, that I may dwell among them. The TabernacleAnd let them make Me a sanctuary, that I may dwell among them.According to all that I show you, that is, the pattern of the tabernacle and the pattern of all its furnishings, just so you shall make it.Exodus 25:8-9
16The TabernacleExodus 36:8-9Then all the gifted artisans among them who worked on the tabernacle made ten curtains woven of fine linen, and of blue, purple, and scarlet thread; with artistic designs of cherubim they made them.
17The TabernacleExodus 38:1-2He made the altar of burnt offering of acacia wood; five cubits was its length and five cubits its width--it was square--and its height was three cubits. He made its horns on its four corners; the horns were of one piece with it. And he overlaid it with bronze.
18The TabernacleA tabernacle was prepared: the first part, in which was the lampstand, the table, and the showbread, which is called the sanctuary;Hebrews 9:1-2
19and above it were the cherubim of glory overshadowing the mercy seat. The TabernacleAnd behind the second veil, the part of the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of All, which had the ark of the covenant overlaid on all sides with gold,in which were the golden pot that had the manna, Aaron's rod that budded, and the tablets of the covenant;and above it were the cherubim of glory overshadowing the mercy seat.Heb. 9
20The Priests"Now take Aaron your brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel, that he may minister to Me as priest …And you shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty … that he may minister to Me as priest.They shall make: a breastplate, an ephod, a robe, a skillfully woven tunic, a turban, and a sash.So they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother and his sons, that he may minister to Me as priest.
21Sacrifices-Lev. Law for approaching God when out of fellowship. The Sin Offering.The Trespass Offering.
22Sacrifices-Lev. Law for approaching God when in fellowship. The Burnt Offering.The Grain Offering.The Peace Offering.The Daily Sacrifices
23The Purpose of the Ceremonial Law Exodus 29:42-46 – God meeting, speaking, and dwelling with His people, that they might know Him.And there I will meet with the children of Israel, the tabernacle shall be sanctified by My glory. So I will consecrate the tabernacle of meeting and the altar. I will also consecrate both Aaron and his sons to minister to Me as priests.I will dwell among the children of Israel and will be their God. And they shall know that I am the LORD their God, who brought them up out of the land of Egypt, that I may dwell among them. I am the LORD their God.
24The LawDeut.4:7 – Ceremonial Law: “For what great nation is there that has a God so near to it as the Lord our God is to us, whenever we call upon Him?”Deut.4:8 – Moral Law: “And what great nation is there, that has statutes and ordinances so righteous as all this law which I set before you this day?”
25The MethodExodus 19 & 20Then it came to pass on the third day, in the morning, that there were thunderings and lightnings, and a thick cloud on the mountain; and the sound of the trumpet was very loud, so that all the people who were in the camp trembled. And Moses brought the people out of the camp to meet with God, and they stood at the foot of the mountain.Now Mount Sinai was completely in smoke, because the Lord descended upon it in fire. Its smoke ascended like the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mountain quaked greatly. And when the blast of the trumpet sounded long and became louder and louder, Moses spoke, and God answered him by voice.
26The MethodExodus 19 & 20Now all the people witnessed the thunderings, the lightning flashes, the sound of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking; and when the people saw it, they trembled and stood afar off. Then they said to Moses, "You speak with us, and we will hear; but let not God speak with us, lest we die.“And Moses said to the people, "Do not fear; for God has come to test you, and that His fear may be before you, so that you may not sin." So the people stood afar off, but Moses drew near the thick darkness where God was.
27What are the methods God used? Thunder, lightening, clouds, trumpet blasts, smoke, fire, quake. All speak to us of God’s authority Exodus 19:16-25He was laying down the Law – Exodus 20:18-21He is establishing His right to direct them Establishing His authority over them.Where there is no authority behind a law, it becomes meaningless.He speaks in a way designed to cause the people to respect (fear) Him as God.
28The Response Required The correct response is to obey The response is a commitment by free choice.
29It is a personal commitment to God and what He says – The Response RequiredIt is a personal commitment to God and what He says –Exodus 24:3-8Moses took the Book of the Covenant and read in the hearing of the people.And they said, "All that the LORD has said we will do, and be obedient."And Moses took the blood, sprinkled it on the people, and said, "This is the blood of the covenant which the LORD has made with you according to all these words.”
30The Mosaic CovenantThis is the covenant that God entered into with His people, the nation of Israel.
31Study of Law and Grace (Promise) The Law came after Grace (the Promise) and does not change the Promise –Galatians 3:16-18Now to Abraham and his Seed were the promises made… And this I say, that the law, which was four hundred and thirty years later, cannot annul the covenant that was confirmed before by God … that it should make the promise of no effect. For if the inheritance is of the law, it is no longer of promise; but God gave it to Abraham by promise.Why the Law? - To reveal sin. (Romans 3:20)By the deeds of the law no flesh will be justified in His sight, for by the law is the knowledge of sin.
32Study of Law and Grace The Law has two basic functions: The law reveals sin and my need for grace (promise).God’s holiness is expressed. The Law reveals the holy character of God.Galatians 3: Therefore the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, that we might be justified by faith.
33New Covenant Hebrews 12:18-24 For you have not come to the mountain that may be touched and that burned with fire, and to blackness and darkness and tempest, and the sound of a trumpet and the voice of words, so that those who heard it begged that the word should not be spoken to them anymore. (For they could not endure what was commanded… And so terrifying was the sight that Moses said, "I am exceedingly afraid and trembling”.)
34New Covenant Hebrews 12:18-24 But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, to an innumerable company of angels, to the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are registered in heaven, to God the Judge of all, to the spirits of just men made perfect, to Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling that speaks better things than that of Abel.
35Relationship of Law and Grace Law GraceShows Need Meets NeedEnlightens Empowers“Thou Shalt” “I Will”Obedience Required Faith Required
36Mosaic Law was for “Children” (Galatians 4:1-7) Through the centuries, God has revealed more and more truth for man concerning redemption, and its meaning.New Testament Christians no longer: offer blood sacrifices We do not go to the Temple to meet God.As a Son - Daily in Fellowship with the Living God.
37Need: Direction from God, to know what God expects from us. Content: How to be Holy and Respond in Worship.Method: God Speaks with Fearful Authority.Response: Choose to Obey.