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Runway Incursions Presentation to the NZ Airport Association Conference 15 October 2009.

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Presentation on theme: "Runway Incursions Presentation to the NZ Airport Association Conference 15 October 2009."— Presentation transcript:

1 Runway Incursions Presentation to the NZ Airport Association Conference 15 October 2009

2  _V3AOPA.html _V3AOPA.html 15 October 2009NZ Airport Assn Conference

3 ICAO Definition A runway incursion is: “any occurrence at an aerodrome involving the incorrect presence of an aircraft, vehicle or person on the protected area of a surface designated for the landing and takeoff of aircraft.” 15 October 2009NZ Airport Assn Conference

4  Runway incursions are a significant aviation hazard. The world’s worst aviation accident took place in March 1977 and involved the collision of two Boeing 747 aircraft on a runway at Tenerife in Spain’s Canary Islands. A total of 583 lives were lost. 15 October 2009NZ Airport Assn Conference

5 Examples of an incursion:  an aircraft or vehicle crossing in front of a:  landing aircraft or aircraft taking off  an aircraft or vehicle:  crossing the runway-holding position marking;  unsure of its position and entering an active runway;  passing behind an aircraft or vehicle that has not vacated the runway.  failure to follow an air traffic control instruction 15 October 2009NZ Airport Assn Conference

6 ICAO  In many countries where traffic density is high runway incursions have been on the increase for several years.  ICAO took action to address the problem of runway incursions  2007 – Doc 9870 Manual on the Prevention of Runway Incursions published 15 October 2009NZ Airport Assn Conference

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8 CAA New Zealand  As a result of the ICAO initiative, the CAA reviewed both the reporting and occurrence data.  As result:  A runway incursion was re-classed as an Aerodrome Incident under Civil Aviation Rule Part 12.  The ICAO classification scheme was adopted to record occurrences. 15 October 2009NZ Airport Assn Conference

9 Severity classification scheme  A - A serious incident in which a collision is narrowly avoided.  B - An incident in which separation decreases and there is significant potential for collision, which may result in a time-critical corrective/evasive response to avoid a collision.  C - An incident characterized by ample time and/or distance to avoid a collision.  D - An incident that meets the definition of runway incursion such as the incorrect presence of a single vehicle, person or aircraft on the protected area of a surface designated for the landing and take-off of aircraft but with no immediate safety consequences.  E - Insufficient information or inconclusive or conflicting evidence precludes a severity assessment. 15 October 2009NZ Airport Assn Conference

10 Part 12 Reporting  From November 2008, all occurrences meeting the new definition have been recorded as runway incursions regardless of the classification applied by the reporter.  In 2009 year to date there have been 32 occurrences classified as runway incursions.  10 B – 14 D – 8 E 15 October 2009NZ Airport Assn Conference

11 CAA New Zealand  Reviewing old Part 12 reporting data indicated:  If the definition had been applied from 1994 there would have been a lot more occurrences classified as runway incursions.  Occurrence data from 1994 to 2008 was estimated using the new definition.  This indicated a decrease from a peak of around 90 in October 2009NZ Airport Assn Conference

12 New Zealand Statistics 15 October 2009NZ Airport Assn Conference

13 Action Needed  Both ICAO and FAA have runway incursions as a high priority issue to address.  Just because NZ incidents are decreasing does not lessen their importnace. 15 October 2009NZ Airport Assn Conference

14 AERODROME OPERATORS  Limit the physical possibility to mistakenly enter runways.  Implement a Safety Management System  Implement Annex 14 Provisions especially markings, lighting, signage  Provide information about temporary work areas  Airside training and assessment  Taxiways named in accordance with Annex 14  Vehicle drivers contact ATC when uncertain of their position 15 October 2009NZ Airport Assn Conference

15 AIPNZ  Ensure only relevant information  Don’t clutter pilot notes  Ensure information is current  Ensure only operational detail is included 15 October 2009NZ Airport Assn Conference

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18 Information links  Airports Council International   Air Services Australia   EUROCONTROL  mepage.html  Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)   International Air Transport Association (IATA)  15 October 2009NZ Airport Assn Conference

19 Information Links  International Federation of Airline Pilots’ Associations (IFALPA)   Transport Canada   United Kingdom Safety Regulation Group  15 October 2009NZ Airport Assn Conference

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