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June 21st Prayer Quiz Reading/reflection reminders Fortnight of freedom Principles Commandment 1.

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Presentation on theme: "June 21st Prayer Quiz Reading/reflection reminders Fortnight of freedom Principles Commandment 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 June 21st Prayer Quiz Reading/reflection reminders Fortnight of freedom Principles Commandment 1

2 Standard 5 Paragraph Essay I Intro A. Thesis B. Preview of points IIPoint 1 A.Support 1A B Support 1B IIIPoint 2 A.Support 2A B Support 2B IV Point 3 A.Support 3A B Support 3B V Conclusion

3 Virtue – is righteous, dude!

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5 Qualities of principles Reasonable+ Immutable + Universal

6 question Are there absolute truths? Truths that cannot change? Did the martyrs believe in absolute principles or truths? explain

7 Morality Morality deals with choices. Judgments are about actions and NOT the person. What actions are intrinsically evil? CCC 1756 It is therefore an error to judge the morality of human acts by considering only the intention that inspires them or the circumstances (environment, social pressure, duress or emergency, etc.) which supply their context. There are acts which, in and of themselves, independently of circumstances and intentions, are always gravely illicit by reason of their object; such as blasphemy and perjury, murder and adultery. One may not do evil so that good may result from it.

8 Principle of non-contradiction Something can not be and not be at the same time. Relativism says truth depends on your perspective. MORAL RELATIVISM: morality depends on your opinion (Not in CCC)

9 1789 Some rules apply in every case: (1756, 1970, 1827, 1971) One may never do evil so that good may result from it; the Golden Rule: Whatever you wish that men would do to you, do so to them.5656 charity always proceeds by way of respect for ones neighbor and his conscience: Thus sinning against your brethren and wounding their conscience... you sin against Christ.57 Therefore it is right not to... do anything that makes your brother stumble

10 Physical and Moral evil Physical evil may be tolerated Moral evil should be avoided at all cost

11 Each person has dignity How can people be treated as objects? How do people potentially place a value judgment on the quality of ones life? Is there ever a person who is not made in the image and likeness of God? If not, what ramifications does that have? CCC 1944 Respect for the human person considers the other another self. It presupposes respect for the fundamental rights that flow from the dignity intrinsic of the person.

12 Principle of Solidarity Am I my brothers keeper? YES!!! Solidarity: "mutual responsibility," a coinage of the "Encyclopédie" (1765), from solidaire "interdependent, complete, entire," from solide (see solid). CCC 1939 The principle of solidarity, also articulated in terms of friendship or social charity, is a direct demand of human and Christian brotherhood.

13 Principles of integrity and totality The well being of the whole person must be taken into account in deciding therapeutic procedures. St. Thomas: a member of the human body is to be disposed of according as it may profit the whole… if a member is healthy and continuing in its natural state, it cannot be cut off to the detriment of the whole (good to cut into someone to heal – but not to mutilate) (not in CCC)

14 Integrity cont…. Tests, treatments and surgeries include a risk which must be considered… Vasectomies and tubal ligations violate the dignity of the human person Anytime we treat a person simply as a physical body without regard to his spiritual soul, we violate his integrity.

15 The end does NOT justify the means i.e. One may never do evil that good may come from it {Machiavelli said the end does justify means}

16 Principle of Subsidiarity Holds that a larger body and greater body should not exercise functions which can be carried out efficiently by one smaller or lesser Give an example using govt. structures What does the Catholic Church advise re: political structures? CCC 1885 The principle of subsidiarity is opposed to all forms of collectivism. It sets limits for state intervention. It aims at harmonizing the relationships between individuals and societies. It tends toward the establishment of true international order.

17 Common Good 1924 The common good comprises the sum total of social conditions which allow people, either as groups or as individuals, to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily (GS 26 § 1) The common good consists of three essential elements: respect for and promotion of the fundamental rights of the person; prosperity, or the development of the spiritual and temporal goods of society; the peace and security of the group and of its members The dignity of the human person requires the pursuit of the common good. Everyone should be concerned to create and support institutions that improve the conditions of human life.

18 Suffering is a powerful prayer How do we know this?

19 Declaration of Independence We hold these truths to be self evident (objective truth) That all men are created equal That they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights That among these are life liberty and the pursuit of happiness

20 Purpose of sex Unitive and procreative (babies and bonding) All problems are from denying one or both What are practices that deny one or the other?

21 Principle of Proportionate and Disproportionate Means (Ordinary vs extraordinary) As conceived in the Catholic moral tradition, the principle holds that one is obligated to preserve his or her own life by making use of ordinary means, but is under no obligation to use extraordinary means

22 Morality…..how do we know Human Morality - Marc Hauser - 1 – YouTube Human Morality - Marc Hauser - 1 – YouTube N.B. This approach agrees that man has a natural law…his approach, however, does not take into account an intelligent designer…

23 Principle of Double Effect Physical vs Moral Evil

24 principle of double effect - NCBC

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26 A person is morally permitted to do an act which has both a good and an evil effect if there is no other way to get the good effect and if the following conditions are met: A person is morally permitted to do an act which has both a good and an evil effect if there is no other way to get the good effect and if the following conditions are met:

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30 Direct abortion is always morally evil. Indirect abortion may be morally permitted if all of the conditions of the Principle of Double Effect are met. Indirect abortion may be morally permitted if all of the conditions of the Principle of Double Effect are met.

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