Presentation on theme: "Simple Compound Complex Compound-Complex"— Presentation transcript:
1Simple Compound Complex Compound-Complex The Joy of SentencesSimpleCompoundComplexCompound-Complex
2Simple sentences Are about primarily just one thing Can have commas Can have multiple subjects and verbsEX: The dog is brown.EX: In the morning, you will eat bread.EX: Sue and Mary bought and sold some tickets.
3Compound SentencesComprised of two independent clauses (have a subject and verb)Can be joined in three waysWith a comma and a conjunctionWith a semicolonWith a semicolon, conjunction AND a comma
4For Example Susan bought some milk, and Joe bought some cookies. The dog wanted some meat; the cat ate her catfood.The sun shone brightly; however, the rain came in the next day.The boy took a picture, and developed it at home.
5Complex SentencesMade up of an independent clause AND a dependent clause (remember, dependent clauses have a s/v, but they can’t stand alone)If the dependent clause starts the sentence, follow it with a comma.If the independent clause comes first, no comma.
6For exampleWhen the Georgia Bulldogs win on Saturday, Ms. Smith will be very happy!Ms. Smith will be very happy when the Georgia Bulldogs win on Saturday.I love ice cream, because it is yummy.
7Avoiding Clause Confusion Dependent clauseFunctionExampleAdjective clausemodifies noun or pronountells what kind, which one, how many, or how muchThe students who participated enjoyed the race.Adverb clausemodifies verb, adjective, or adverbtells where, when, how, why, to what extent, or under what conditionsThey felt proud because they had done something worthwhile.Noun clauseacts as subject, direct object, indirect object, object of preposition, or predicate nounWhat helps others can be rewarding for volunteers too.
8Types of ClausesAdjective clauses – Are dependent clauses** that follow the nouns or pronouns that they modifyOften begin with who, whom, whose, which, that**Remember, a clause has both a subject and a verb
9Examples…The girl who broke her leg came back to school today for the first time.FIND the Clause…tell me what it is modifyingIn the morning, the teacher that is giving all the kids F’s will be fired.
10Adverb Clauses A dependent clause** that is used as an adverb Begin with subordinating conjunctions such as…after although as as if wherebecause Before ifSince than though unlessUntil when whenever while
11Complex ExamplesWhile the band played their music, the couples slowly danced on the floor.The team that won the Little League World series is from Columbus.We will swim when the sun comes out.My favorite book, which is a classic novel, was made into a film.
12REVIEW Simple…have commas after prep phrases Compound…two IC’s joined by a comma/conjunction or a semi colonComplex…IC and a DC…if DC comes first, then follow it with a comma. If the IC comes first, then no comma.CP-CX Complex sentence joined with a compound one