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Simple Compound Complex Compound-Complex

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1 Simple Compound Complex Compound-Complex
The Joy of Sentences Simple Compound Complex Compound-Complex

2 Simple sentences Are about primarily just one thing Can have commas
Can have multiple subjects and verbs EX: The dog is brown. EX: In the morning, you will eat bread. EX: Sue and Mary bought and sold some tickets.

3 Compound Sentences Comprised of two independent clauses (have a subject and verb) Can be joined in three ways With a comma and a conjunction With a semicolon With a semicolon, conjunction AND a comma

4 For Example Susan bought some milk, and Joe bought some cookies.
The dog wanted some meat; the cat ate her catfood. The sun shone brightly; however, the rain came in the next day. The boy took a picture, and developed it at home.

5 Complex Sentences Made up of an independent clause AND a dependent clause (remember, dependent clauses have a s/v, but they can’t stand alone) If the dependent clause starts the sentence, follow it with a comma. If the independent clause comes first, no comma.

6 For example When the Georgia Bulldogs win on Saturday, Ms. Smith will be very happy! Ms. Smith will be very happy when the Georgia Bulldogs win on Saturday. I love ice cream, because it is yummy.

7 Avoiding Clause Confusion
Dependent clause Function Example Adjective clause modifies noun or pronoun tells what kind, which one, how many, or how much The students who participated enjoyed the race. Adverb clause modifies verb, adjective, or adverb tells where, when, how, why, to what extent, or under what conditions They felt proud because they had done something worthwhile. Noun clause acts as subject, direct object, indirect object, object of preposition, or predicate noun What helps others can be rewarding for volunteers too.

8 Types of Clauses Adjective clauses – Are dependent clauses** that follow the nouns or pronouns that they modify Often begin with who, whom, whose, which, that **Remember, a clause has both a subject and a verb

9 Examples… The girl who broke her leg came back to school today for the first time. FIND the Clause…tell me what it is modifying In the morning, the teacher that is giving all the kids F’s will be fired.

10 Adverb Clauses A dependent clause** that is used as an adverb
Begin with subordinating conjunctions such as… after although as as if where because Before if Since than though unless Until when whenever while

11 Complex Examples While the band played their music, the couples slowly danced on the floor. The team that won the Little League World series is from Columbus. We will swim when the sun comes out. My favorite book, which is a classic novel, was made into a film.

12 REVIEW Simple…have commas after prep phrases
Compound…two IC’s joined by a comma/conjunction or a semi colon Complex…IC and a DC…if DC comes first, then follow it with a comma. If the IC comes first, then no comma. CP-CX Complex sentence joined with a compound one

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