3Monument Valley The largest reservation in the United States Flat-topped hills in the area are called mesasLittle rain falls in the area which keeps the land dry, creating a desertPeople and animals who live in the region have to adapt, or change in order to survive
4Video: The Long Walk (short) Navajo IndiansInhabited areas of the MidwestWere forced out of their land by the U.S. by forcesDuring the 18 day “Long walk”, at least 400 diedThe plantation faced raids, tribe conflicts, and famineThe Navajo were eventually relocated to their own reservationVideo: The Long Walk (short)Video: The Long Walk 1 of 4Video: Navajo Song
5Three SistersMillions of years ago layers upon layers of sediments that wore down slowly revealed the natural wonders of Monument Valley today.
6Phoenix, Arizona Video: Water Distribution The three A’s Phoenix is known as America’s hottest cityTemperatures can reach 115 degrees in the summer!More people moved to Phoenix with the invention of the air conditionerAqueducts in the region are large pipes that carry water long distancesSixth largest city in the U.S.The three A’sAir ConditioningAutomobilesAqueductsVideo:Water Distribution
7Hoover Dam, Arizona A dam is a wall built across a river Reasons the dam was built:It controls flooding along the Colorado riverIt stores waterIt makes electricity for the surrounding areasBuilt during depression (provided jobs)Video: Hoover DamVideo: Water Power
8How the Hoover dam was built Video: Construction of Hoover damTimes:Tunnels-4:50 Concrete Pouring-8:00Complete Dam- 15: Lake Mead 21:00Video: New Hoover Dam Video
9The Grand Canyon, Arizona A canyon is a deep, narrow valley with deep sidesThe Grand Canyon has been formed over many years by the erosion of the Colorado river and windThe canyons is a mile deep in some parts and 277 miles long!Video: Grand Canyon
10El Paso, Texas & Ciudad Juarez, Mexico A border is a line that people agree on to separate two placesThe border between the U.S. and Mexico is the Rio Grande riverJuarez is home to many U.S. factories where workers are paid much less than American workersThe factories are called maquiladoras
11Carlsbad Caverns, New Mexico A cave is a natural hole found under the earthA cavern is a large caveBats inhabit many of the cavernsThe largest room in the caverns could hold 14 football fields!There are more than 85 caves in totalVideo:Cavern Tour
12Video: The Alamo Deconstructed Video: Battle for North America San Antonio, TexasA mission is a settlement where priests teach the native people a new religionThe Alamo is San Antonio’s most famous missionTexas declared independence from Mexican rule in 1836In the Alamo a small band of rebels fought a large army of Mexican troopsVideo: The Alamo DeconstructedVideo: Battle for North AmericaVideo: The Alamo
13Math triviaIf there were 6,000 troops sent to crush a rebellion of 188 Texans, how many troops would each Texan have to kill in order to win the fight?(Estimate)6,000 Mexicans divided by 200 Texans means they would have to kill more than 30 Mexican troops EACH!
14Austin, Capital of Texas A Capital is a city where the government of an area is locatedStates governments have three branches in the same way that our national government does
15Three branches of government Legislature- Makes the laws and controls spendingExecutive- is headed by a governor, and this branch makes sure laws are carried outJudicial- judge people who are accused of breaking laws, and judge if laws are good laws
16Guthrie, Oklahoma This city was settled in a day Original SoonersThis city was settled in a dayOn April 22, 1889 the first person to claim a piece of land would get to own that landSome settlers entered the land sooner than they were supposed to earning them the nickname “Sooners”Modern SoonersVideo:Far and Away