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The Revolutionary War.

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Presentation on theme: "The Revolutionary War."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Revolutionary War

2 Continental Army General George Washington
Goal: protect by retreat and counterattack when they had the advantage Strengths - manpower? - fighting on own soil - guerilla warfare - resourceful leaders - fighting for home and family

3 Continental Army Challenges - raising and organizing army
- supplies and equipment - $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$ - needed foreign support - dealing with state govt. - real center of authority

4 British Army The Regulars Led by Gen. William Howe
Strategy: confront and defeat Continental Army and isolate radical Patriots of New England Advantages - superior military - financial - most powerful navy

5 George Washington Held army and country together
Lacked military genius Gained respect of most of patriots Faced mutiny from troops Faced removal from Congress

6 Battle of Bunker Hill

7 Bunker Hill Breed’s Hill June 17,1775
Place: Charlestown Peninsula on north side of Boston Harbor Combatants: British troops of the Boston garrison against troops of the Continental Army Generals: Major General Howe against General Artemas Ward and General Israel Putnam Size of the armies: 2,400 British troops against 1,500 Americans.

8 Bunker Hill

9 Don’t shoot until you see the whites of their eyes!


11 The death of the American General Warren at the climax of the Battle of Bunker Hill by John Trumbull

12 Battle Results Americans retreated - 450 killed or wounded
British victory? - 1,150 killed or wounded (1/2) First major battle of the Revolutionary War

13 Death of General Wolf at the Battle of Quebec
First Phase Patriots surrounded Boston- British left in March 1776 British didn’t gain huge loyalist support in South Patriots lost Canada - siege of Canada failed - Montgomery and Benedict Arnold Death of General Wolf at the Battle of Quebec

14 The Declaration of Independence

15 The Committee Thomas Jefferson John Adams Benjamin Franklin
Robert Livingston Roger Sherman

16 Drafting the Declaration
Three Stages 1. Written by Jefferson 2. Changes made by Franklin and Adams 3. Changes made by Congress

17 The Declaration of Independence

18 Second Phase 1776-1778 Conventional war
- British in position to win but fouled it up British drove Americans from NY into Pennsylvania Dec. 26, 1776 Washington defeated Hessians at Trenton



21 Great Britain's Mistakes
Planned to cut US in 2 Burgoyne pursued and Howe changed plan Howe took Philadelphia Burgoyne suffered several defeats

22 Turning Point of the War
The Battle of Saratoga October 7, 1777 Turning Point of the War

23 France decided to help the Americans
British General John Burgoyne surrendered to American General Horatio Gates at Saratoga, New York France decided to help the Americans

24 Valley Forge, Pennsylvania
Winter Valley Forge, Pennsylvania

25 Location was close enough to apply pressure, but far enough away to avoid a sneak attack
2,000 huts built, miles of trenches dug Fortifications built

26 2,000 soldiers die 2/3 from disease: influenza, smallpox typhus, typhoid, and dysentery

27 Baron Friedrich von Steuben trained the troops

28 Final Phase Characterized by guerilla warfare
British looked for loyalist aid - found more Patriots than thought - Lost loyalist sympathy due to slavery Stalemate in the North Battles in West won by Patriot, George Rogers Clark British won some in South, but hounded by guerillas

29 Yorktown

30 Washington & French v. Cornwallis
Washington joined with Lafayette in march by land French circled by sea October 17, 1781 Cornwallis surrounded – surrendered Final battle of the Revolutionary War Treaty of Paris signed September 3, 1783

31 Treaty of Paris 1783 Unconditional recognition of independence!
Land gained - S. boundary of Canada to N. boundary of Florida - Atlantic to Mississippi River

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