5What is a limited government? A ruler’s power is shared, regulated, or controlled.CitizensParliamentCongressJudgesThe ruler must ask for permission to make certain decision.Citizens have more freedom and rights.
9How did the kings justify their unlimited power? They said it was their “divine right”What does “divine right mean?They were given their power by God.God can’t be questioned
10How does this picture represent the “divine right of kings”? It looks like a “divine hand” (maybe God) is putting on his crown.
11How did unlimited governments maintain control? Unlimited monarchies (France and Russia) used 4 common ways to keep power (these power tricks are still used by today’s absolute power seekers):Limit the rights of citizensNo freedomsRaise taxesRaising taxes keeps the leader and military well fundedGet rid of the legislative bodyThis gets rid of anyone who could put restrictions on, or question, the leaders powerUse military to enforce rules.This keeps the people powerless to fight against the leader
13Where did things begin to change? EnglandIn 1215 the Magna Carta was signed by King John of England.Many changes were based on this English model of government. The king had to play by the rules.This foundation would be built on in 1689 when the English Bill of Rights was created.
14King John signing the Magna Carta How did the Magna Carta help create limited government?By creating laws that limited the kings power.
15How did the English government change? Constitutional monarchies.King’s power limited by constitution.Democracy gave people some say in government.VotingSeparation of powers created branches of government that share responsibility.One branch can’t become stronger than another.Legislative, Executive, Judicial