Presentation on theme: "Bell Work 9/17 What is the most important aspect of the Scientific Revolution? It was a challenge of authority."— Presentation transcript:
Bell Work 9/17 What is the most important aspect of the Scientific Revolution? It was a challenge of authority.
UNLIMITED & LIMITED GOVERNMENT
What is an unlimited government? When a ruler has complete power of a country and its citizens. – No limit to their power. Citizens must be obedient. – They have few/no rights
Unlimited: Rule by one or few
What is a limited government? A ruler’s power is shared, regulated, or controlled. – Citizens – Parliament – Congress – Judges The ruler must ask for permission to make certain decision. Citizens have more freedom and rights.
Which government was most common in Europe in the 1600’s & 1700’s? Unlimited Government – Monarchies Kings & Queens France & Russia had the longest running unlimited monarchies
How did the kings justify their unlimited power? They said it was their “divine right” What does “divine right mean? They were given their power by God. – God can’t be questioned
How does this picture represent the “divine right of kings”? It looks like a “divine hand” (maybe God) is putting on his crown.
How did unlimited governments maintain control? Unlimited monarchies (France and Russia) used 4 common ways to keep power (these power tricks are still used by today’s absolute power seekers): – Limit the rights of citizens No freedoms – Raise taxes Raising taxes keeps the leader and military well funded – Get rid of the legislative body This gets rid of anyone who could put restrictions on, or question, the leaders power – Use military to enforce rules. This keeps the people powerless to fight against the leader
Where did things begin to change? England In 1215 the Magna Carta was signed by King John of England. – Many changes were based on this English model of government. The king had to play by the rules. This foundation would be built on in 1689 when the English Bill of Rights was created.
King John signing the Magna Carta How did the Magna Carta help create limited government? By creating laws that limited the kings power.
How did the English government change? – Constitutional monarchies. King’s power limited by constitution. – Democracy gave people some say in government. Voting – Separation of powers created branches of government that share responsibility. One branch can’t become stronger than another. Legislative, Executive, Judicial