Presentation on theme: "The World in 1500 What are the big superpowers of the day and why should I care? Aztec- Mayan- Incan."— Presentation transcript:
The World in 1500 What are the big superpowers of the day and why should I care? Aztec- Mayan- Incan
Our World The big idea is for you to know how much the Europeans changed the world in the 1500s but first... You have to know what that world was like in order to understand that big change the Europeans wrought
Our World We will discuss the major trade, political forms, and society of: * Ottoman Empire * Mughal Empire * Safavid/Persian Empire * Chinese Empire * Songhai Empire * Aztec, Mayan, Incan Empire
AMI Aztec Mayan Incan
Aztec -Mayan- Incan Geographically isolated from the rest of the world - that is important when it comes to the Era of Exploration
Aztec -Mayan- Incan Socially advanced with large, well developed empires, systems of trade, and networks
Aztec -Mayan- Incan Agriculturally advanced with extensive networks of food production They invented corn - they cross bred grasses until they created corn...no one in Europe at corn before Columbus! Incans used Quinoa which is a type of grain that carries a strong dose of protein - long distance runners use it.
Aztec -Mayan- Incan Aztecs - occupied Mexico capitol city of Tenochtitlan very large population, temples, markets, and palaces worshipped Quetzalcoatl advanced mathematics and calendars metalworking, pottery, weaving fierce military- warriors top of society
Aztec -Mayan- Incan Mayans - occupied Yucatan peninsula (El Salvador today) skilled engineers and architects writing system based on pictures or glyphs religion based on multiple goods and agriculture astronomy experts
Aztec -Mayan- Incan Incans - occupied western strip of South America (today, Peru, Equador, Bolivia, and Chile) capitol was Cuzxo worship sun and moon Emperor had absolute power advanced irrigation systems
Aztec -Mayan- Incan Used llamas (not horses - no horses in North or South America...that will be important later) Spoke Quechua- excellent system of roads and communication though never developed writing - used quipu - series of knots on parallel strings produced ceramics, textiles, metals. Very advanced in medicine, developed anesthetics and performed brain surgery
Why You Should Care? Even with all the advancements these sophisticated, well- developed societies had, they will not become the dominate powers of the world. You job will be to recognize why.