Presentation on theme: "Aztec- Mayan- Incan The World in 1500"— Presentation transcript:
1Aztec- Mayan- Incan The World in 1500 What are the big superpowers of the day and why should I care?Aztec- Mayan- Incan
2Our WorldThe big idea is for you to know how much the Europeans changed the world in the 1500sbut first...You have to know what that world was like in order to understand that big change the Europeans wrought
3Our WorldWe will discuss the major trade, political forms, and society of:* Ottoman Empire* Mughal Empire* Safavid/Persian Empire* Chinese Empire* Songhai Empire* Aztec, Mayan, Incan Empire
5Aztec -Mayan-IncanGeographically isolated from the rest of the world - that is important when it comes to the Era of Exploration
6Aztec -Mayan-IncanSocially advanced with large, well developed empires, systems of trade, and networks
7Aztec -Mayan-IncanAgriculturally advanced with extensive networks of food productionThey invented corn - they cross bred grasses until they created corn...no one in Europe at corn before Columbus!Incans used Quinoa which is a type of grain that carries a strong dose of protein - long distance runners use it.
8Aztec -Mayan-Incan Aztecs - occupied Mexico capitol city of Tenochtitlanvery large population, temples, markets, and palacesworshipped Quetzalcoatladvanced mathematics and calendarsmetalworking, pottery, weavingfierce military- warriors top of society
9Aztec -Mayan-IncanMayans - occupied Yucatan peninsula (El Salvador today)skilled engineers and architectswriting system based on pictures or “glyphs”religion based on multiple goods and agricultureastronomy experts
10Aztec -Mayan-IncanIncans - occupied western strip of South America (today, Peru, Equador, Bolivia, and Chile)capitol was Cuzxoworship sun and moonEmperor had absolute poweradvanced irrigation systems
11Aztec -Mayan-IncanUsed llamas (not horses - no horses in North or South America...that will be important later)Spoke Quechua- excellent system of roads and communication though never developed writing - used quipu - series of knots on parallel stringsproduced ceramics, textiles, metals.Very advanced in medicine, developed anesthetics and performed brain surgery
12Why You Should Care?Even with all the advancements these sophisticated, well-developed societies had, they will not become the dominate powers of the world.You job will be to recognize why.