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The Administration of Andrew Jackson 1829-1837. Elected 1828 v. John Quincy Adams Elected 1828 v. John Quincy Adams Served 1829- 1837 Served 1829- 1837.

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Presentation on theme: "The Administration of Andrew Jackson 1829-1837. Elected 1828 v. John Quincy Adams Elected 1828 v. John Quincy Adams Served 1829- 1837 Served 1829- 1837."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Administration of Andrew Jackson 1829-1837

2 Elected 1828 v. John Quincy Adams Elected 1828 v. John Quincy Adams Served 1829- 1837 Served 1829- 1837 First Democrat President First Democrat President President Andrew Jackson

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4 Old Hickory Old Hickory - Slave owner from TN - Battle of New Orleans - Took Florida - Lost 1824 election in the corrupt bargain the corrupt bargain Champion of common man Champion of common man

5 Jackson invited the common man to the White House after the inauguration. They destroyed the place and rumor has it Jackson escaped the mob through a window.

6 Strengthened the new American nationalismStrengthened the new American nationalism Beginning of the modern PresidencyBeginning of the modern Presidency - powers of the President grew immensely Impact of Presidency

7 Jacksonian Democracy Age of the Common Man Age of the Common Man - stressed the common peoples virtue, intelligence, and capacity for self-government - not African Americans, Native Americans, Women - deep disdain for the better classes, which claimed a more enlightened wisdom than common men Goal: to remove all obstacles that prevented farmers, artisans, and small shopkeepers from earning a greater share of the nations wealth Goal: to remove all obstacles that prevented farmers, artisans, and small shopkeepers from earning a greater share of the nations wealth

8 The Right to Vote Expansion began before Jackson took office Expansion began before Jackson took office Expanded to all white males Expanded to all white males Most states took away property requirements Most states took away property requirements Increased opportunity to hold office Increased opportunity to hold office Jacksonian Ideal = UNIVERSAL WHITE MALE SUFFRAGE Jacksonian Ideal = UNIVERSAL WHITE MALE SUFFRAGE

9 Individual states had right to declare federal law unconstitutional Individual states had right to declare federal law unconstitutional Reintroduced by John C. Calhoun (VP) Reintroduced by John C. Calhoun (VP) Addressed idea of the tariff of abominations Addressed idea of the tariff of abominations FYI: the price of cotton barely covered the price of making it, crippling the South FYI: the price of cotton barely covered the price of making it, crippling the South Fully supported by SC Fully supported by SC Nullification

10 Robert Y. Hayne Senator from SC Senator from SC Responded to idea that all land sales be discontinued Responded to idea that all land sales be discontinued - claimed it was a way for the E. to retain political power - Really tried to gain support from W. to help lower tariff - defy tyranny of Northeast

11 Daniel Webster Senator from Massachusetts Senator from Massachusetts Claimed Hayne attacked the integrity of the Union Claimed Hayne attacked the integrity of the Union

12 Webster-Hayne Debate Switched from sale of western lands v. national rights to States rights v. National power Switched from sale of western lands v. national rights to States rights v. National power Hayne defended nullification Hayne defended nullification Webster responded, Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable! Webster responded, Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!

13 Nullification Crisis 1832 1832 South Carolina was angry over continued problems with tariffs South Carolina was angry over continued problems with tariffs Legislature nullified tariffs of 1828, 1832 Legislature nullified tariffs of 1828, 1832 Jacksons reaction: Jacksons reaction: - TREASON! Sent a warship to SC - Proposed force bill: allowed President to usemilitary to force the acts of Congress

14 Nullification Crisis Calhoun now a Senator in SC Calhoun now a Senator in SC No states supported SC No states supported SC Clay proposed a compromise Clay proposed a compromise - lower tariff gradually - passed the same day as the force bill SC repealed nullification of tariff SC repealed nullification of tariff - nullified the force bill

15 Native Americans Who supported Indian Removal? Why? Who supported Indian Removal? Why?

16 Black Hawk War May 1832 May 1832 Sauk and Fox Indians Sauk and Fox Indians Led by Black Hawk Led by Black Hawk Left Iowa- crossed river – returned to Illinois land Left Iowa- crossed river – returned to Illinois land White settlers panicked White settlers panicked Militia chased them back to Iowa & killed many Militia chased them back to Iowa & killed many FYI: 70 settlers died FYI: 70 settlers died – hundreds of Indians

17 Five Civilized Tribes Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw GA, AL, Miss, Fl = South GA, AL, Miss, Fl = South Agricultural societies Agricultural societies Cherokee had a written language and constitution Cherokee had a written language and constitution

18 1830 Removal Act: passed by Congress - Jackson approved 1830 Removal Act: passed by Congress - Jackson approved Relocated Natives West of the Mississippi River (OK) Relocated Natives West of the Mississippi River (OK)

19 Worcester v. Georgia Supreme Court sided w/ Cherokee Supreme Court sided w/ Cherokee Jacksons response Jacksons response John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it.

20 Jackson and the National Bank Jackson opposed the National Bank Jackson opposed the National Bank 1. Concentrated excessive amount of nation's financial strength into a single institution 2. Exposed the government to control by "foreign interests" 3. Served mainly to make the rich richer 4. Exercised too much control over members of Congress 5. Favored NE states over South and West

21 Nicholas Biddle President of the National Bank from 1823 on President of the National Bank from 1823 on Allies Clay and Webster Allies Clay and Webster

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23 The Bank War Biddle v. Jackson Biddle v. Jackson – a power play between the two 1832 Biddle asked Congress for renewal of bank charter 1832 Biddle asked Congress for renewal of bank charter - Congress passed - Jackson vetoed

24 The Bank War Jackson set out to weaken the Bank Jackson set out to weaken the Bank - took federal money out of bank - placed it in pet banks Biddle responded by calling in loans and raising interest rates Biddle responded by calling in loans and raising interest rates - caused a recession

25 Democratic cartoon shows Jackson fighting the monster Bank. "The Bank," Jackson told Martin Van Buren, "is trying to kill me, but I will kill it!"

26 Bank War Results Jackson won! Jackson won! Bank died in 1836 Bank died in 1836 Country lost stability in banking system Country lost stability in banking system – Led to recession in Panic of 1837

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28 Assassination Attempt Richard Lawrence approached Jackson and aimed two pistols at him, which both misfired. Jackson then attacked Lawrence with his cane, prompting his aides to restrain him.. Richard Lawrence gave the doctors several reasons for the shooting. Richard Lawrence approached Jackson and aimed two pistols at him, which both misfired. Jackson then attacked Lawrence with his cane, prompting his aides to restrain him.. Richard Lawrence gave the doctors several reasons for the shooting. 1. Blamed Jackson for loss of his job 2. money would be more plenty with Jackson dead 3. He was actually Richard III a deposed British King and Jackson was his clerk Lawrence was determined insane and not punished for his crime Lawrence was determined insane and not punished for his crime

29 Questions?


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