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多功能物性测量系统介绍 第 2 单元 PPMS 主机-软件 共 65 页. 该单元的内容 PPMS MultiVu PPMS Option Control Center PPMS MultiVu Simulation PPMS Tools PPMS Helium 3 Gas Monitor 测量控制平台.

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Presentation on theme: "多功能物性测量系统介绍 第 2 单元 PPMS 主机-软件 共 65 页. 该单元的内容 PPMS MultiVu PPMS Option Control Center PPMS MultiVu Simulation PPMS Tools PPMS Helium 3 Gas Monitor 测量控制平台."— Presentation transcript:

1 多功能物性测量系统介绍 第 2 单元 PPMS 主机-软件 共 65 页

2 该单元的内容 PPMS MultiVu PPMS Option Control Center PPMS MultiVu Simulation PPMS Tools PPMS Helium 3 Gas Monitor 测量控制平台 硬件设置、监控 数据格式转换 硬件设置、监控 数据格式转换 He-3 专用

3 需要关注的内容 1. 如何设定温度、磁场、位置、样品室气氛 2. 测量选件启动、自身检测、关闭 3. 测量程序 编辑 ( 通用命令、专用命令 ) 、名 称、位置、执行、暂停、中断 4. 数据文件 位置、种类、格式、查看方式、 转换方法

4 PPMS MultiVu 界面 LogPpmsData      

5 PPMS MultiVu 界面 界面以及各菜单中的内容在不同的状态会有些不同 PPMS MultiVu PPMS MultiVu_Simulation Mode Option Activated 界面以及各菜单中的内容在不同的状态会有些不同 PPMS MultiVu PPMS MultiVu_Simulation Mode Option Activated

6 PPMS MultiVu Software Version PPMS MultiVu Build 5 PPMS MultiVu Build 8 Latest Compiled July 27, 2001

7 PPMS Software Version Version Software Up to October 15, 2003 In UseUpgrade/Latest PPMS MultiVu1.2.0 Build Build 8 AC Transport2.2.0 Build Build 4 Heat Capacity2.5.6 Build Build 0 Helium Thermal Transport1.0.0 Build Build 2 ACMS 32-Bit1.0.9 Build 14 Low Field1.1.0 Build 0 Torque Magnetometry2.0.2

8 Instrument & Utilities Temperature… Field… Chamber… Motion Control… Analog Output… Digital Output… Current Drivers… Bridge Channels… Shutdown… Activate… Configure Option… Log PPMS Data… Upload… Send GPIB Commands… Magnet  Error Handling… Event Log… Helium Fill… MultiVu

9 Instrument & Utilities Temperature… Field… Chamber… Motion Control… Analog Output… Digital Output… Current Drivers… Bridge Channels… Shutdown… MultiVu

10 Instrument & Utilities Temperature… Field… Chamber… Motion Control… Analog Output… Digital Output… Current Drivers… Bridge Channels… Shutdown… MultiVu

11 Instrument & Utilities Activate… Configure Option… Log PPMS Data… Upload… Send GPIB Commands… Magnet  Error Handling… Event Log… Helium Fill… Available Options: Active Options: Option Manager AC Transport ACMS Heat Capacity Helium3 Low Field Resistivity Thermal Transport Torque Magnetometer Activate -->> <<--Deactivate Connection Diagrams Close 线路连 接图 Available Options: Active Options: Option Manager AC Transport ACMS Helium3 Low Field Resistivity Thermal Transport Torque Magnetometer Heat Capacity Activate -->> <<--Deactivate Connection Diagrams Close MultiVu

12 Instrument & Utilities Activate… Configure Option… Log PPMS Data… Upload… Send GPIB Commands… Magnet Error Handling… Event Log… Helium Fill… MultiVu

13 PPMS Status Bar_MultiVu 程序 温度 磁场 样品室 MultiVu

14 Commands: Field Immediate Mode and Sequence Mode 磁 场 MultiVu_Field

15 Magnetic Field Rate 9.2 ~ 42.6 Oe/sec 依赖于 B/I 电感 电压 Approach S c a n F i e l d S e t F i e l d Linear 快 No Overshoot 中 Oscillate 慢 Sweep 快 End Mode Persistent 闭环 Driven (Hysteresis) 开环 达到设定磁场 速率磁体中电流变化方式后磁场保持模式 Field

16 Magnetic Field 当前磁场 变场速率 PersistentDriven SW Warm SW Cool SWTC Err Charging Discharging Iterate PersistentHolding Chrg Err Curr Err Failure Quench Linear No Overshoot Oscillate Sweep 设定磁场 Field

17 Scan Field Spacing Code Uniform Code H 等间隔 H*H Code H 2 等间隔 H 1/2 Code H 1/2 等间隔 1/H Code 1/H 等间隔 Log(H) Code H 对数等间隔 Field

18 Process of Setting Field_Approach Mode Charging / Discharging Set Rate Approach Mode Field time Holding: Driven Switch Warming: Persistent (20 Sec) Present Setpoint Linear Sweep (Scan) No O’Shoot 70 % Oscillate 30 %

19 Process of Setting Field_End Mode Current of Power Supply time Holding Driven Switch Cooling: Persistent (20 Sec) I = 0.0 I Setpoint Sweep ? LinearNo O’ShootOscillateSweep Driven & Persistent Set Point End Point Driven & Persistent

20 Measurement_Approach_End Mode Field time Holding Driven Persistent Mode I = 0.0 I Setpoint Sweep (Scan) 测量开始 / 结束 tt HH tt 开始 / 结束测量 tt H = 0H = 0 H = 0H = 0  H = rate ×  t

21 Commands: Temperature Immediate Mode and Sequence Mode 温 度 MultiVu_Temperature

22 Temperature Rate 0.01 K/min ~ K/min Typical: K/min Mode or Approach Scan Temperature Set Temperature Fast Settle 快 No Overshoot 慢 Sweep 快 达到设定温度 速率变温方式 Temperature

23 当前温度 变温速率 指 示含 义 Chasing 达不到设定速率 Tracking 按照设定速率 Near 确认温度稳定性 Stable 温度已经稳定 Potops 液氦储槽操作 Standby 关闭温度控制 Unknown 检修、转换 Fault 温度系统错误 Impedfail 流阻故障 ImpCtrl 流阻加热故障 ImpCool 流阻冷却故障 Fast Settle No Overshoot Sweep 设定温度 Temperature

24 Scan Temperature Spacing Uniform Code T 等间隔 1/T Code 1/T 等间隔 Log(T) Code T 对数等间隔 Temperature 见本系列《超导量子磁强计》

25 Temperature “Complicated” -《 Manual 》 Quantum Design High-Temperature Control High-Temperature Control 4.2 K 2.2 K 400 K 1.8 K Low-Temperature Control (Pot Mode) Low-Temperature Control (Pot Mode) Continuous Low-Temperature Control (CLTC) Continuous Low-Temperature Control (CLTC) 尽量避 开 Temperature PPMSMPMS

26 PPMS 的各种 “Temperature” Temp (The temperature)Depending on option used Sys Temp (System temperature)Cernox or Platinum thermometer SetpointTarget temperature CIG/CernoxLow-temperature thermometer Plat ThermHigh-temperature thermometer Neck ThermNeck thermometer Spare ThermSystem bridge channel 4 resistance Map 20 - Map 29User-designated data items Sample TemperatureTemp User TemperatureTemp Temperature

27 PPMS 的温度计位置 Neck Thermometer Cernox / Platinum Thermometer Option Thermometer Temp Sys Temp Map 20 – Map 29 Sample Temperature Sys Temp Block Temp Sys Temp Block Temp Temperature

28 PPMS 的各种 “Temperature” TempSample Temperature Sys Temp DC_R ACT Map 20 ~ Map 29 HCTTO ACMS Horizontal RotatorHe-3 Refrigerator Tq-MagDC_RACTHC Cernox Platinum Cernox Platinum Cernox DC_RACT 27

29 PPMS 的各种 “Temperature” StandardHorizontal RotatorHe-3 Base Sys TempRotator (User) TemperatureHe-3 Temp DC_R Sys TempUser Bridge Channel 1Channel 3 ACT Sys TempMap 23 System Bridge Channel 4Map 27 HC Map 27 (Sample Temperature) (Puck Temperature, Platform Temperature Map 27 TTO Sys Temp (Sample Temperature) [Hot: Map 21 (Channel 1); Cold: Map 22 (Channel 2)] ACMS Map 25 Tq-Mag Rotator (User) Temperature Map 23 Temperature

30 从高温降温至 10 K 以下的操作 Set Temperature 10.00K at 12.00K/min. Fast Settle Wait For Temperature, Delay 120 secs, No Action Set Temperature 10.00K at 12.00K/min. Fast Settle Wait For Temperature, Delay 120 secs, No Action Set Temperature 1.80K at 1.00K/min. Fast Settle Wait For Temperature, Delay 0 secs, No Action Set Temperature 1.80K at 1.00K/min. Fast Settle Wait For Temperature, Delay 0 secs, No Action 温度高于 100 K 时,先降温至 10 K ~ 15 K 在 10 K ~ 15 K 停留一段时间,再降温 !!!

31 Commands: Chamber Immediate Mode and Sequence Mode 样品室 Chamber

32 Chamber Atmosphere 样品室压强 液氦液面 指 示含 义 Purging 正在抽气 Purged 抽气结束,已封闭 Sealed 已封闭 Vented 充气结束,已封闭 Venting 正在充气 Pumping 持续抽气 Flooding 持续充气 Pre-Hi Vac 高真空预抽气 At HiVac 处于高真空 Failure 样品室操作故障 HiVac Error 高真空故障 Chamber 温度 ~ 300 K 磁场 < 1.0 T

33 Chamber Atmosphere DewarPump Chamber Vent Valve Flush Valve He Gas Flush Valve Vent Valve Seal 只是关闭 Purge/Seal 开-关 3 次,最后关 Vent/Seal 关先开后关先开后关 Pump Cont. 开关 Vent Cont. 关开 HiVac 预抽开关 Chamber 温度低于 295 K 时不要执行 Purge/Seal !!!

34 Commands: Motion Immediate Mode and Sequence Mode 步进马达-水平旋转台 Motion

35 Motor: Stepper & Servo  Horizontal Rotator: Stepper Motor  ACMS : Servo Motor ( 伺服马达 ) Position Move to Location Speed Position Move to Index L 角 度 长 度  磁场 样品 Motor

36 Motion Control 马达状态 马达位置 最大角度 马达转动状态指示 设定位置 重新定义当前位置 Motion

37 Install Horizontal Rotator Hardware Remove Horizontal Rotator Hardware 1. 运行 PPMS Tools 中的 MonQD6000.EXE 2. 在 Send to PPMS 菜单中点击 Send Config 3. 选择 C:\Qdppms\Horizontal Rotator\Config\ 中的相应设置文件 DC_R/Tq-Mag:ACT/HR HR136.CFGHRACT136.CFG 2. Send GPIB Commands USERTEMP 0.  1. MonQD6000.EXE1. Utilities 关闭温度计 !!! HR

38 PPMS 的术语图解 Field: Linear, No Overshoot, Oscillate, Sweep 测量开始 Oscillate Fast Settle Oscillate Fast Settle No O’shoot Linear Pause Linear Pause Sweep 时间 温度 磁场 角度 设定点 Temperature: No Overshoot, Fast Settle, Sweep Stepper Motor: Pause, Sweep MultiVu

39 Commands: Bridge Channels Bridge

40 PPMS Data Files PPMS Log Data File PPMS Configuration File Upload Data File Helium Data File Raw Measurement Data File Measurement Data File PPMS Log Data File PPMS Configuration File Upload Data File Helium Data File Raw Measurement Data File Measurement Data File Data & Files

41 PPMS Log Data File 用于 PPMS 诊断 Data & Files 时间 系统状态 磁体控制 温度控制 压强控制 流量控制 各种驱动器状态 PPMS 选件温度、电流等 时间 系统状态 磁体控制 温度控制 压强控制 流量控制 各种驱动器状态 PPMS 选件温度、电流等 Advanced Items

42 Raw Measurement Data File 用于 Measurement 诊断 不同的选件会有不同的格式 文件的大小:可能很大 必要性:一般不需要 用于 Measurement 诊断 不同的选件会有不同的格式 文件的大小:可能很大 必要性:一般不需要 Data & Files

43 Measurement Data File 数据格式取决于所用的 PPMS 选件 Data & Files DC_R ACT Tq-Mag ACMS HC 无自选数据 TTO 无自选数据

44 Measurement Data File 数据需要转换为按列的形式 Data & Files [Header] ; Copyright , Quantum Design, Inc. All rights reserved. FILEOPENTIME, , 6/3/2003, 9:38 AM BYAPP, LogData, 1.0, 2.0 INFO, APPNAME, PPMS MultiVu Application, Release Build 5 。。。 DATATYPE, TIME, 2 DATATYPE, COMMENT, 1 [Data] Comment,Time Stamp (sec),Status (code),Temperature (K),Magnetic Field (Oe),Sample Position (deg),Bridge 1 Resistance (ohms),Bridge 1 Excitation (uA),Bridge 2, ,4374, ,-0.149,-8.512,,,,,,,,, , ,48,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00, ,,,,,, ,, ,,,4374, ,- 。。。 [Header] ; Copyright , Quantum Design, Inc. All rights reserved. FILEOPENTIME, , 6/3/2003, 9:38 AM BYAPP, LogData, 1.0, 2.0 INFO, APPNAME, PPMS MultiVu Application, Release Build 5 。。。 DATATYPE, TIME, 2 DATATYPE, COMMENT, 1 [Data] Comment,Time Stamp (sec),Status (code),Temperature (K),Magnetic Field (Oe),Sample Position (deg),Bridge 1 Resistance (ohms),Bridge 1 Excitation (uA),Bridge 2, ,4374, ,-0.149,-8.512,,,,,,,,, , ,48,0.00,0.00,0.00,0.00, ,,,,,, ,, ,,,4374, ,- 。。。 [Header] [Data] 系统给出的检测数据 Time Stamp (sec)Status (code)Temperature (K)Pressure ()Map 25 ()System Status (code) Valve Position (deg) Plat Therm (K) Time Stamp (sec)Status (code)Temperature (K)Pressure ()Map 25 ()System Status (code) Valve Position (deg) Plat Therm (K) 转换后的检测数据 所有的数据处理软件都可以识 别 ExportData.exe

45 PPMS 数据查看方式 Graph View Record View Table View Raw Data View Data_View

46 PPMS 数据查看方式 Data_View Graph View Record View Table View Raw Data View

47 PPMS 的数据与管理 Data_View Record Table Raw Data Status Bar  Toolbar Sequence Control Sequence Command Bar ACMS Status Log Open… Restore Graph Default Graph Apply Template… Save Template Save Template As… Data Selection Appearance  Zoom Previous Auto Scale All Plots + Graph View ACMS Activated  *.Dat : 数据文件  *.Gph :图形文件  *.Raw :原始过程数据 *.Graph 文件不是自动生成 1 、点击 Data 中的 View ; 2 、 Graph 菜单中打开 *.Dat

48 Time Stamp & System Status Time Stamp (sec) : since midnight, January 1 of the current year Time Stamp (sec) Status (code) Temperature (K) Pressure () Time Stamp (sec) Status (code) Temperature (K) Pressure () System Status (Code) System Controls : temperature, magnet, chamber, and sample position June 2, 2003 at 18:39:28 ? Data_Time Stamp 2003 年 6 月 3 日 上午 9:38 ?

49 System Status (Code) Time Stamp (sec) Status (code) Temperature (K) Pressure () Time Stamp (sec) Status (code) Temperature (K) Pressure () = 4096 Sample Position Chamber Pressure Magnetic Field Temperature 2 8 = = = 4 Table A-2 in Appendix A: Data File Structures of PPMS Manual : Firmware Manual at target positionpurged and sealedstable/persistentnot valid Data_Status 2 1 = 2

50 PPMS Tools PPMS MultiVu Simulation PPMS 32-bit Tools HeGasMon32.EXE Tools

51 PPMS 32-bit Tools 桌面 TOOLS 文件夹中 23 个文件 Tools ErrorLog.txtExportData.exeEXPORTDATA.INI EyeSys.calfix1632lock.regGasmon32.exe gauge.exeMagCalWizard.exeMagdiag2.exe Mon6000.exeMon6500.exeMRCalWizard.ini MRCalWizard.pdfMRCalWizard.wscPPMSScript.inc Remote32.exeRomcfg32.exeTable2d.exe Table2d.hlpTables.catTables32.EXE Temp.engWizardState.inc

52 ExportData.exe Tools 1. 运行 TOOLS 中的 ExportData.exe ; 2. 确定原始数据文件和输出的数据文件; 3. 选择感兴趣的数据及其相对顺序; 4. 选择数据分隔方式(空格、制表位、逗号); 5. 选择数据列的名字( Column Title )的格式; 6. 点击 Export 按钮。 Gasmon32.exe 1. 用于监测系统温度 _ 气体控制。 2. 不要关闭。

53 Sequence 命令的关系: Sequence 与 Immediate Sequence Immediate Sequence PPMS MultiVu & Model 6000

54 Sequence 界面的关系: Immediate 与 Sequence Sequence_Immediate 有 有 无 无

55 Sequence 的组成 Sequence HC Measurement LogPpmsData 通用命令 专用命令 通用命令 专用命令 System Commands Advanced Commands LogPpmsData System Commands Advanced Commands LogPpmsData Measurement Commands

56 几个命令 Wait Scan Time Shutdown Magnet Reset Sequence Uniform mode 等间隔 ln(t) mode 对数间隔 No Action 等待 Shutdown 关闭温控 Abort 停止程序

57 程序举例:磁性测量 Sequence Scan Temp from 5.0K to 300.0K at 12.0K/min, in 60 steps, Uniform, Fast Scan Field from 0.0Oe to Oe at 42.6Oe/sec, in 6 steps, Uniform, Linear, Persistent DC Mag 5 Scans Stickyrange Flags= AC Mag 100,1000,10000 Hz 2 Oe 1 Sec Stickyrange Flags= End Scan Set Field 0.0Oe at 42.6Oe/sec, Linear, Persistent Shutdown End Sequence 5 K 0.0 Oe DC Extraction AC Magnetization Oe DC Extraction AC Magnetizaiton … … 10 K 0.0 Oe … 5 K 0.0 Oe DC Extraction AC Magnetization Oe DC Extraction AC Magnetizaiton … … 10 K 0.0 Oe …

58 Bit Flags DC Mag 5 Scans Stickyrange Flags= Decimal Number Binary Number Map 31 ~ Map = Field Temperature General System Status Table A-1 in Appendix A: Data File Structures of PPMS Manual : Firmware Manual Map 25

59 PPMS 程序的运行控制 Sequence Sequence Run Sequence Idle Seq: Name.seq Seq: No.: Set … Run 正在运行 Pause 暂停运行 Abort 中断程序 Lock 锁定当前状态 Lock Sequence Locked by: Zhao l Other Information: wait for me back Lock Cancel

60 测量程序与数据文件的位置 C:\ … … My Documents Data Files Group 201 John Smith Sequences File Location Group 202 Group 203 Group 204 Group 205 把程序文件 和数据文件 放在自己的 子目录中。

61 关于 PPMS - 14H 的选件 PPMS Options  根据所使用的选件不同完成下列步骤: 1. 连接相应的信号采集线( Cable) Connection Diagrams 2. 启动相应的选件控制软件 Activate Option 3. 根据选件安放样品  选件及其控制软件见相应单元  根据所使用的选件不同完成下列步骤: 1. 连接相应的信号采集线( Cable) Connection Diagrams 2. 启动相应的选件控制软件 Activate Option 3. 根据选件安放样品  选件及其控制软件见相应单元 Option

62 Activate Option Activate… Configure Option… Log PPMS Data… Upload… Send GPIB Commands… Magnet  Error Handling… Event Log… Helium Fill… Available Options: Active Options: Option Manager AC Transport ACMS Heat Capacity Helium3 Low Field Resistivity Thermal Transport Torque Magnetometer Activate -->> <<--Deactivate Connection Diagrams Close 线路连 接图 Option Available Options: Active Options: Option Manager AC Transport ACMS Helium3 Low Field Resistivity Thermal Transport Torque Magnetometer Heat Capacity Activate -->> <<--Deactivate Connection Diagrams Close 以热容量选件为例

63 Activate Option Available Options: Active Options: Option Manager AC Transport ACMS Helium3 Low Field Resistivity Thermal Transport Torque Magnetometer Heat Capacity Activate -->> <<--Deactivate Connection Diagrams Close Option Available Options: Active Options: Option Manager AC Transport ACMS Low Field Resistivity Thermal Transport Torque Magnetometer Heat Capacity Helium3 Activate -->> <<--Deactivate Connection Diagrams Close Available Options: Active Options: Option Manager ACMS Heat Capacity Low Field Resistivity Thermal Transport Torque Magnetometer AC Transport Helium3 Activate -->> <<--Deactivate Connection Diagrams Close Available Options: Active Options: Option Manager AC Transport ACMS Heat Capacity Low Field Thermal Transport Torque Magnetometer Resistivity Helium3 Activate -->> <<--Deactivate Connection Diagrams Close 热容量 + He - 3ACT + He - 3DC_R + He - 3

64 Available Options: Active Options: Option Manager AC Transport ACMS Heat Capacity Helium3 Low Field Resistivity Thermal Transport Torque Magnetometer Activate -->> <<--Deactivate Connection Diagrams Close Activate Option Option Available Options: Active Options: Option Manager AC Transport ACMS Heat Capacity Helium3 Low Field Resistivity Thermal Transport Torque Magnetometer Activate -->> <<--Deactivate Connection Diagrams Close Available Options: Active Options: Option Manager AC Transport ACMS Heat Capacity Helium3 Low Field Resistivity Torque Magnetometer Thermal Transport Activate -->> <<--Deactivate Connection Diagrams Close Available Options: Active Options: Option Manager AC Transport Heat Capacity Helium3 Low Field Resistivity Thermal Transport Torque Magnetometer ACMS Activate -->> <<--Deactivate Connection Diagrams Close Available Options: Active Options: Option Manager AC Transport Heat Capacity Helium3 Resistivity Thermal Transport Torque Magnetometer ACMS Low Field Activate -->> <<--Deactivate Connection Diagrams Close Torque MagnetometerThermal TransportACMS ACMS + Low Field

65 Available Options: Active Options: Option Manager AC Transport Heat Capacity Helium3 Low Field Resistivity Thermal Transport Torque Magnetometer ACMS Activate -->> <<--Deactivate Connection Diagrams Close Available Options: Active Options: Option Manager AC Transport ACMS Heat Capacity Helium3 Low Field Resistivity Thermal Transport Torque Magnetometer Activate -->> <<--Deactivate Connection Diagrams Close Available Options: Active Options: Option Manager AC Transport ACMS Heat Capacity Helium3 Low Field Resistivity Torque Magnetometer Thermal Transport Activate -->> <<--Deactivate Connection Diagrams Close Deactivate Option Option Thermal Transport ACMS


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