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The end of the War. Lincolns War Politics military arrests of civiliansmilitary arrests of civilians suspended habeas corpus (speedy trial)suspended habeas.

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Presentation on theme: "The end of the War. Lincolns War Politics military arrests of civiliansmilitary arrests of civilians suspended habeas corpus (speedy trial)suspended habeas."— Presentation transcript:

1 the end of the War

2 Lincolns War Politics military arrests of civiliansmilitary arrests of civilians suspended habeas corpus (speedy trial)suspended habeas corpus (speedy trial) are all laws but one to go unexecuted, and the government itself go to pieces, lest that one be violated? – Lincolns Address to Congress martial lawmartial law ignored the Supreme Courtignored the Supreme Court - Ex parte Merryman - required Lincoln to release a Maryland secessionist

3 Congressional Politics with no opposition Republicans pass laws they could not before the warwith no opposition Republicans pass laws they could not before the war 1. Homestead Act 1862 2. Morrill Land Grant Act 1862 3. raised tariffs 4. Transcontinental RR 5. National Banking Acts 1863-64

4 Clement L. Vallandigham Congressman from OhioCongressman from Ohio outspokenoutspoken ran for governorran for governor arrested May 1863arrested May 1863 Lincoln banished him to the ConfederacyLincoln banished him to the Confederacy ran his campaign from Canadaran his campaign from Canada unanimously nominated by democratic partyunanimously nominated by democratic party

5 Election of 1864 Republican Candidates: Abraham Lincoln and Andrew JohnsonRepublican Candidates: Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson Democrat Candidates: George B. McClellan and George H. PendletonDemocrat Candidates: George B. McClellan and George H. Pendleton

6 Why didnt Lincoln suspend the election in the name of war? We cannot have free government without elections; and if the rebellion could force us to forego or postpone a national election, it might fairly claim to have already conquered and ruined us.We cannot have free government without elections; and if the rebellion could force us to forego or postpone a national election, it might fairly claim to have already conquered and ruined us. It seems exceedingly probable that this administration will not be re-elected. Then it will be my duty to so co-operate with the president-elect as to save the Union between the election and the inauguration, as he will have secured his election on such ground that he cannot possibly save it afterward.It seems exceedingly probable that this administration will not be re-elected. Then it will be my duty to so co-operate with the president-elect as to save the Union between the election and the inauguration, as he will have secured his election on such ground that he cannot possibly save it afterward.

7 Why did Lincoln Win the election? military victories including the capture of Atlantamilitary victories including the capture of Atlanta Andrew Johnson- broadens the ticketAndrew Johnson- broadens the ticket

8 Emancipation 1861 Confiscation Act1861 Confiscation Act - all slaves used for insurrectionary purposes would be free 1862 abolished slavery in DC and W. territories1862 abolished slavery in DC and W. territories Sept 22, 1862 announces preliminary EmancipationSept 22, 1862 announces preliminary Emancipation Jan 1, 1863 Emancipation Proclamation issuedJan 1, 1863 Emancipation Proclamation issued 1865 13 th amendment1865 13 th amendment

9 We must free the slaves or be ourselves subdued Abraham Lincoln

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11 Confederate Currency, $10, 1861 A slave picking cotton is depicted. Backed by cotton and printed in excess, Confederate Currency quickly depreciated in value, becoming worthless.

12 Postage Stamp, 1 cent, 1862-1863 Postage stamps, which served as a substitute for coins during the Civil War, were privately encased in brass with a mica shield to protect them from moisture. This stamp?s front features a portrait of Benjamin Franklin, while the reverse side shows the commercial endorsement of Drake?s Plantation.

13 William T. Sherman I will make this war as severe as possible, and show no symptoms of tiring, till the South Begs for mercy.I will make this war as severe as possible, and show no symptoms of tiring, till the South Begs for mercy.

14 Shermans men destroy the railroad tracks

15 Columbia, South Carolina

16 Atlanta Georgia in Ruins

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21 Richmond Virginia In Ruins

22 Ruins of paper mill; wrecked paper- making machinery in foreground Richmond, Va. April 1865

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26 Lee Surrenders to Grant Robert E. Lee surrounded, exhausted and w/o suppliesRobert E. Lee surrounded, exhausted and w/o supplies April 9, 1865 surrendersApril 9, 1865 surrenders Appomattox Courthouse, VAAppomattox Courthouse, VA

27 The Mclean home in Appomattox Court House, Virginia was used on April 9th 1865 for the surrender meeting between General Robert E. Lee, C.S.A. and Lt. General Ulysses S. Grant, U.S.A.

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32 Results of the Civil War over 600,000 deadover 600,000 dead - 500,000 wounded - 50,000 amputees South lay in ruinsSouth lay in ruins Slaves are FreeSlaves are Free Reconstruction must beginReconstruction must begin


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