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Government, Religion, and Culture. The Glorious Revolution King James forced off the thrown in 1688 and Placed his daughter Mary and her husband, William.

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Presentation on theme: "Government, Religion, and Culture. The Glorious Revolution King James forced off the thrown in 1688 and Placed his daughter Mary and her husband, William."— Presentation transcript:

1 Government, Religion, and Culture

2 The Glorious Revolution King James forced off the thrown in 1688 and Placed his daughter Mary and her husband, William of Orange on the thrown.King James forced off the thrown in 1688 and Placed his daughter Mary and her husband, William of Orange on the thrown. Remember what happened to Chucky the First? The Parliament is getting more powerful.Remember what happened to Chucky the First? The Parliament is getting more powerful. William and Mary sign the English Bill of Rights.William and Mary sign the English Bill of Rights.

3 The English Bill of Rights

4 The Bill of Rights laid out certain basic rights for (at the time) all Englishmen. The Act set out that there should be: no royal interference with the law. Though the sovereign remains the fount of justice, he or she cannot unilaterally establish new courts or act as a judge. no royal interference with the law. Though the sovereign remains the fount of justice, he or she cannot unilaterally establish new courts or act as a judge. no taxation by Royal Prerogative. The agreement of the parliament became necessary for the implementation of any new taxes no taxation by Royal Prerogative. The agreement of the parliament became necessary for the implementation of any new taxes The English Bill of Rights

5 no standing army may be maintained during a time of peace without the consent of parliament. no standing army may be maintained during a time of peace without the consent of parliament. no royal interference in the freedom of the people to have arms for their own defense as suitable to their class and as allowed by law (simultaneously restoring rights previously taken from Protestants by James II) no royal interference in the freedom of the people to have arms for their own defense as suitable to their class and as allowed by law (simultaneously restoring rights previously taken from Protestants by James II) no royal interference in the election of members of parliament no royal interference in the election of members of parliament The English Bill of Rights

6 the freedom of speech and debates or proceedings in Parliament ought not to be impeached or questioned in any court or place out of Parliament the freedom of speech and debates or proceedings in Parliament ought not to be impeached or questioned in any court or place out of Parliament "grants and promises of fines or forfeitures" before conviction are void "grants and promises of fines or forfeitures" before conviction are void no excessive bail or "cruel and unusual" punishments may be imposed no excessive bail or "cruel and unusual" punishments may be imposed The English Bill of Rights

7 Mercantilism The English viewed its American Colonies as an economic recourse.The English viewed its American Colonies as an economic recourse. The Colonies provided raw materials for English manufacturers, and a market for finished products.The Colonies provided raw materials for English manufacturers, and a market for finished products. As a nations trade grows, it gold reserve increase, and the nation becomes more powerful.As a nations trade grows, it gold reserve increase, and the nation becomes more powerful.

8 The Navigation Acts Series of acts (laws) that directed the flow of goods between England and the Colonies.Series of acts (laws) that directed the flow of goods between England and the Colonies. SmugglingSmuggling Only British ships could transport imported and exported goods from the colonies.Only British ships could transport imported and exported goods from the colonies. The only people who were allowed to trade with the colonies had to be British citizens.The only people who were allowed to trade with the colonies had to be British citizens. Commodities such as sugar, tobacco, and cotton wool which were produced in the colonies could be exported only to British ports.Commodities such as sugar, tobacco, and cotton wool which were produced in the colonies could be exported only to British ports.

9 Colonial Government Government in the colonies varies by the type of charter for that colony.Government in the colonies varies by the type of charter for that colony. Question: What are the three types of colonial charters?Question: What are the three types of colonial charters? –Charter Colonies –Proprietary Colonies –Royal Colonies

10 Colonial Government As the colonies grew, so did the colonists views on government.As the colonies grew, so did the colonists views on government. Time and distance from the mother- country necessitated some form of government to be in place.Time and distance from the mother- country necessitated some form of government to be in place. The Crown also had the responsibility to enforce its laws on the colonies.The Crown also had the responsibility to enforce its laws on the colonies.

11 American Colonies Type Charter Proprietary Royal Colony Connecticut, Rhode Island Government Governor and Legislature Elected by Colonists Note Great Britain had the right to approve governor, but governor could not veto legislature. Connecticut, Rhode Island Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania Proprietor selected the governor and upper house. Colonists Elected the Lower House Proprietor free to rule. GA, MA, NH, NJ, NY, NC, SC, VA Directly Ruled by Britain. King appointed Gov. and Upper House. Colonists elected the Lower House.

12 Get Out The Vote

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14 An American Culture What did it entail?

15 The Great Awakening What are they awaking to?What are they awaking to? A religious movement concentrated in New England and the Middle Colonies.A religious movement concentrated in New England and the Middle Colonies. They called for a re-birth, A return to the strong faith of earlier days.They called for a re-birth, A return to the strong faith of earlier days. Why would this movement not take hold in the South?Why would this movement not take hold in the South?

16 The Great Awakening Jonathan Edwards

17 The Family is the Foundation of Colonial Society Women: Cooked, Made Butter and Cheese, Made Clothes, Tended Livestock, ect. Men: Worked the Fields, Built Houses and Barns, Represented Family in Community

18 Boys: Indentured Servants or Apprentices Young Women: Maids, Cooks, Nurses, until married.

19 Colonists Valued Education and children were usually taught to read and write at home. Pennsylvania and Massachusetts set up public school systems – by law.

20 Freedom of the Press The Internet of its Time The Internet of its Time English Right of Free Speech English Right of Free Speech Zenger –v- Royal Gov Zenger –v- Royal Gov Q: What are some examples of Freedom of the Press where the majority of Americans would not agree with the ideas expressed? Q: What are some examples of Freedom of the Press where the majority of Americans would not agree with the ideas expressed?

21 QUESTIONS??


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